Bachelor of African Studies

Bachelor of African Studies

The Bachelor of African Studies degree programme at Ramaas University focuses on the comprehensive study of the African continent, encompassing its history, cultures, languages, politics, economies, and social structures. Our Bachelor of African Studies program is designed to provide students with a deep understanding of the African continent’s diverse societies and rich heritage. The program includes interdisciplinary coursework, integrating perspectives from history, anthropology, sociology, political science, economics, and literature.

The program aims to equip students with a comprehensive understanding of Africa’s diverse cultures, histories, and contemporary issues. It fosters critical thinking and analytical skills through an interdisciplinary approach.

Graduates of the Bachelor of African Studies program can pursue careers in research, international development, working with NGOs, UN agencies, government and diplomacy, media and journalism, and cultural preservation or to continue graduate studies in Master of International Relations, Security and Political Strategy from RU. This degree program is designed to provide students with an in-depth understanding of the diverse cultures, histories, and societies of the African continent. 

Bachelor of African Studies Educational Programme Curriculum

To obtain Bachelor of African Studies​ Degree, students are required to complete 180 credits. Courses may be taken on a full-time, part-time basis or online studies.

Foundation Year (Sanadka Aasaasiga)

Anagoo raacayso qorshaha Wasaaradda Waxbarashada, Hiddaha Iyo Tacliinta Sare Soomaaliya ee sanadka aas-aasaiga ah ee arday kasta laga doonaayo inuu qaato sanadka ugu horreeya ee jaamacadda, ayaa waxay Jaamacadda Ramaas kusoo dartay koorsada Luuqada Afka Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta. Ujeedka ay Jaamacadda ka leedahay ayaa ah in hab-qoraalka toolmoon ee afka Soomaaliga si fiican ardayga loo barro. Qoritaanka Af Soomaaligu waa uu ka duwan yahay dhihitaanka afka, ama waxa aynnu odhan karnaa hadalka caadiga ah iyo dhigaalku waa ay kala geddisan yihiin. Waana muhiim in ardayda si toosan afka Soomaaliga dhigaalkiisa saxda ah loo barro.

  • Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsada: Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsadan waa kuwa aqoon-duruqsan u leh qaab qoraalka afka Soomaaliya. Waxay bixin doonaan dulmar guud oo ku saabsan fikradaha iyo xirfadaha muhiimka ah ee qaab qoraalka toolmoon.
  • Cilmiga astaamaha qoraalka: Qoraaga aan waxba ka aqoon cilmiga astaamaynta qoraalka, ama astaan kasta aan dhigi karin booskeeda saxda ah, waxa uu la mid yahay askari aan wax ba ka aqoon cilmiga rididda qoriga, oo xabbad kasta aan ku dili karin qofkeeda cadowga ah.
  • Maxaad ku barran doontaa koorsadaan? waxaad ku barran doontaa sida saxda ah ee astaamaynta qoraalku, qeexid ahaan, calaamado kala muuqaal ah, kuwa loo adeegsado qoraalka, ujeedka ayaa ah in qoraalku si wacan loo akhrin karo erayadiisa, dhan kalena si uu u noqdo mid si cad loo fahmi karo ujeeddadiisa. Astaan la muuqaal ah astaan kale ma jirto. Tusaalle ahaan, astaanta joogsiga ( . ) waa mid ka muuqaal duwan astaanta joogsihakadka ( ; ). Sida oo kale, astaan la shaqo ah astaan kale ma jirto.
  • Suugaanta: Dhinaca kalle, koorsada waxaad ku barran doontaa hab-curinta suugaanta iyo macnayaasha guud ee ay xambaarsan yihiin.

Guud ahaan, ujeedka ay Jaamacadda Ramaas ka leedahay koorsadan ayaa ah in ardayda si fiican u bartaan qaab-qoraalka habboon, sixidda higgaadda erayada, sidoo kale dhowridda astaamaha iyo xeerarka dhigaalka, taasi oo qayb ka ah qoraalka. Taasina waa xil saaran qoraaga iyo tifaftiraha.

Civil Education and Civic Engagement course at Ramaas University would involve several key steps and components to ensure it effectively educates students on their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens. Here is a comprehensive outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices of civil education. It will cover topics such as civic responsibility, Somali government structure, civil rights and liberties, community involvement, and global citizenship. Through lectures, discussions, and hands-on projects, students will develop the skills and knowledge necessary to become informed and active participants in their communities and the broader society.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proactive and informed citizens, capable of contributing positively to their communities and society at large.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving course is designed to equip students with the essential skills of critical thinking and problem-solving. It focuses on developing the ability to analyze complex situations, identify problems, generate solutions, and make informed decisions. By the end of the course, students will be able to apply these skills in academic, professional, and everyday contexts.

Course Objectives:

Understand Critical Thinking:

– Define critical thinking and its importance.
– Identify the components and characteristics of a critical thinker.
– Recognize common logical fallacies and biases.

Develop Problem-Solving Skills:

– Understand different problem-solving strategies and techniques.
– Apply structured approaches to problem-solving.
– Develop creative and innovative solutions to problems.

Enhance Analytical Skills:

– Analyze and interpret data effectively.
– Use analytical tools to assess situations and make decisions.
– Evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information.

Improve Decision-Making:

– Apply decision-making models to real-life scenarios.
– Understand the role of ethics in decision-making.
– Reflect on personal decision-making styles and their effectiveness.

Final Course Assessment:

– Participation and contribution to class discussions.
– Group projects and presentations.
– Individual assignments and case study analyses.
– Final exam covering theoretical and practical aspects.

English 100 at Ramaas University is a foundational course designed to enhance students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical thinking. This course aims to build a strong foundation in English, equipping students with the necessary skills to succeed in their academic and professional pursuits.


The primary objectives of English 100 are to:

Develop effective reading strategies for comprehending and analyzing various texts.
Improve writing skills, focusing on clarity, coherence, and organization.
Enhance grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary usage.
Cultivate critical thinking and the ability to construct well-supported arguments.
Foster an appreciation for literature and diverse written forms.

Curriculum and Content

The curriculum for English 100 covers a broad range of topics and activities, including:

Reading Comprehension: Students will engage with a variety of texts, including essays, articles, short stories, and poems. Emphasis will be placed on identifying main ideas, supporting details, and themes.

Writing Skills: Instruction will focus on the writing process, from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students will learn to write different types of essays, such as narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays.

Grammar and Mechanics: Lessons will cover fundamental grammar rules, sentence structure, punctuation, and word usage. Regular exercises and quizzes will help reinforce these concepts.

Critical Thinking: Through class discussions, debates, and written assignments, students will practice analyzing texts and developing their own arguments.

Literature Appreciation: The course will introduce students to significant works of literature, exploring various genres and styles. This component aims to broaden students’ understanding and appreciation of literary art.

Teaching Methodology

English 100 employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and facilitate learning:

Lectures: Instructors will provide comprehensive overviews of key concepts and skills.
Group Work: Collaborative activities and peer reviews will encourage students to learn from each other and improve their communication skills.
Writing Workshops: These sessions will offer hands-on practice in writing and revising, with feedback from both peers and instructors.
Interactive Discussions: Class discussions on readings and relevant topics will promote critical thinking and active participation.
Assignments and Assessments: Regular homework assignments, essays, quizzes, and exams will help track students’ progress and understanding.

Resources and Support

Students enrolled in English 100 will have access to various resources and support services, including:

Library Access: Comprehensive library resources, including books, academic journals, and online databases, to support reading and research.
Office Hours: Instructors will be available during designated office hours to provide additional help and answer questions.
Ramaas Online Learning Platform: A digital platform where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and participate in online discussions.

Assessment and Grading

Assessment in English 100 will be based on a combination of:
– Written assignments and essays
– Quizzes and exams
– Class participation and attendance
– Group projects and presentations
– Peer reviews and feedback

Grading will reflect students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical analysis, as well as their effort and engagement in the course.

English 100 at Ramaas University is an essential course for students seeking to improve their English language skills and academic performance. By fostering a strong foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking, this course prepares students for future academic challenges and professional success.

  • Introduction to Arabic Language course at Ramaas University requires a well-structured curriculum that addresses the needs of beginners while progressively building up to more advanced skills. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:
This course provides an introduction to the Arabic language, covering the fundamentals of reading, writing, speaking, and understanding Arabic. It aims to equip students with basic communication skills and a foundational understanding of Arabic grammar and vocabulary. The course also introduces elements of Arabic culture to enhance language learning.

Course Objectives:
– Develop basic proficiency in reading and writing Arabic script.
– Acquire essential vocabulary and grammar for everyday communication.
– Build foundational skills in listening and speaking Arabic.
– Gain an understanding of key aspects of Arab world culture and society.
– Develop the ability to use Arabic in simple conversational contexts.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a foundational understanding of the Arabic language and the skills needed to continue their studies or use Arabic in basic conversational contexts.

  • The Introduction to Psychology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This course aims to introduce key concepts, theories, and research methods in psychology, offering insights into how psychological principles can be applied to various aspects of life.

    Course Objectives:

    – Foundation in Psychology: To introduce students to the fundamental concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Research Methods: To familiarize students with basic research methods used in psychological studies.
    – Application: To demonstrate how psychological principles can be applied to real situations.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical thinking skills through analysis and discussion of psychological concepts.
    – Awareness: To increase awareness of the various subfields within psychology

    Learning Outcomes:

    By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and describe key concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Apply psychological principles to everyday situations.
    – Analyze psychological research and critically evaluate findings.
    – Demonstrate knowledge of the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.
    – Discuss the ethical considerations in psychological research and practice.

  • The foundation year in mathematics is a preparatory program designed to equip students with the essential knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a degree course in mathematics or a related field.

    Course Objectives

    To provide a solid grounding in key mathematical concepts and techniques for students who may not have the required qualifications or who need to strengthen their understanding before embarking on a full degree program.

    Develop Problem-Solving Skills: Foster analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities that are crucial for higher-level mathematics.

    Build Confidence: Help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities through a structured and supportive learning environment.

Introduction to Computers course at Ramaas University involves designing a curriculum that covers fundamental aspects of computer science and information technology. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course provides a comprehensive overview of computer systems and their applications. It covers the basic principles of hardware, software, and networks, along with an introduction to programming and data management. The course aims to equip students with the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers in academic, professional, and personal contexts.

Course Objectives:

– Understand the basic components and functions of a computer system.
– Understanding basic components of a computer (hardware and software)
– Introduction to operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
– Inside the computer: CPU, memory, storage devices
– Develop problem-solving skills using computer technology.
– Explore the ethical and social implications of computing.
– Fundamentals of cybersecurity (passwords, encryption, malware)
– Common software applications (word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software)

Assessment Methods:

Participation in class discussions and activities
– Quizzes and exams on course material
– Practical assignments and projects
– Group projects and presentations
Final Porject

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a solid foundation in computer science, enabling them to utilize computer technology effectively in their academic and professional pursuits.

  • In this course, students will learn how to identify goals as they grow naturally and learn strategies for facilitating the evolution of those objectives. Students will learn about concepts such as bootstrapping and different marketing techniques, as well as how to start a business from the ground up.
    • The overall goal of this course is for you to develop clear reasoning and writing skills. By the end of the course, you should be able to employ critical thinking and writing strategies in your other courses and in life.

    • After completion this course, students should be able to analyze different text types and genres distinguish between different stylistic levels, produce coherent texts in formal and informal English.

    • Your course grade is based on how well you develop your thinking and reasoning abilities and the knowledge and skills to write clearly and effectively. You will have many other opportunities to demonstrate your thinking and writing skills in a series of smaller or scaffolding assignments. These smaller assignments are vital to your success in learning how to follow the writing process to produce university-level writing.
  • This Introduction to Research Methodology course will provide you with a overview of the various research methods used when addressing a research question, including quantitative methods for analysing data, qualitative research, study design, literature review and how to write a scientific paper.

  • The main purpose of this ccourse is to provide you with a broad introduction to the methodological foundations and tools to study mass communications. But a secondary purpose is to convince you that the process of scientific discovery can be fun. Most of the semester will focus on the fundamentals of quantitative social
    science and applied research, although we will also explore qualitative research.

  • You will learn how to identify problems to study, develop hypotheses and research questions, specify independent and dependent variables, check for the validity and reliability of studies and design research projects. You will be exposed to the broad range of designs used in communication research from laboratory and field experiments, surveys, content analysis, focus groups and in-depth interviewing.

  • The Global Studies course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary program aimed at providing students with a deep understanding of global issues, cultures, and systems. Below is an outline of what such a course might encompass.

    This Global Studies course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to understand and engage with the complexities of the globalized world. The course integrates various disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, history, and cultural studies to provide a holistic view of global dynamics.

    Core Objectives of this course:

    – Interdisciplinary Approach: To blend insights from multiple disciplines for a nuanced understanding of global issues.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical analysis and problem-solving skills.
    – Cultural Competence: To foster an appreciation of diverse cultures and global perspectives.
    – Global Awareness: To raise awareness about global challenges such as inequality, climate change, human rights, and international relations.
    – Research Skills: To enhance students’ ability to conduct comprehensive research on global topics.

    Skills Developed:

    -Analytical and critical thinking
    – Effective communication and presentation
    – Research and data analysis
    – Cultural sensitivity and adaptability
    – Policy analysis and strategic planning


Year 2

This subject covers the fundamentals that will allow you to understand Somalia’s constitutional system and the nature of the Somali state. This course offers an introduction to Somali constitutional law. In addition to examining questions of interpretive method, the course focuses on the powers of the federal government and the allocation of decision making authority among government institutions, including both federalism and separation of powers.

The “Introduction to African Studies” course offers a comprehensive overview of the diverse cultures, histories, societies, and political landscapes of the African continent. This interdisciplinary course integrates perspectives from history, anthropology, sociology, political science, and literature to provide students with a holistic understanding of Africa’s past and present. Emphasis is placed on the diversity of experiences across different regions and communities within Africa.

Course Objectives:

By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand key historical events and their impacts on contemporary African societies.
  2. Analyze the cultural, social, and political diversity within the African continent.
  3. Evaluate the roles of colonialism and post-colonial developments in shaping modern African states.
  4. Critically engage with African literature, arts, and oral traditions.
  5. Discuss contemporary issues facing African nations, such as economic development, health, and governance.

Course Outline:

Week 1-2: Introduction to African Studies

  • Overview of African Studies as a discipline
  • Africa’s geographic and cultural diversity
  • Key themes and methodologies in African Studies

Week 3-4: Pre-Colonial Africa

  • Early African civilizations and empires (e.g., Ancient Egypt, Mali Empire, Great Zimbabwe)
  • Indigenous cultures and social structures
  • Trade routes and interactions with the wider world

Week 5-6: The Colonial Encounter

  • European colonization and the Scramble for Africa
  • Impact of colonial rule on African societies
  • Resistance and independence movements

Week 7-8: Post-Colonial Africa

  • The challenges of nation-building
  • Case studies of post-independence states (e.g., Somalia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa)
  • Economic development and international relations

Week 9-10: African Cultures and Societies

  • Language, religion, and identity
  • Traditional and modern art forms
  • African literature and oral traditions

Week 11-12: Contemporary Issues in Africa

  • Health and disease (e.g., HIV/AIDS, malaria)
  • Economic development and poverty
  • Governance, democracy, and human rights

Week 13-14: Africa and the Global Context

  • Africa in the global economy
  • Migration and the African diaspora
  • Africa’s role in international organizations and global politics

Week 15: Course Review and Final Exam Preparation

  • Review of key concepts and themes
  • Final exam preparation and study tips

Assessment Methods:

  • Class Participation: 10%
  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Research Paper: 25%
  • Group Presentation: 15%
  • Final Exam: 30%

Required Texts:

  1. “Africa: A Biography of the Continent” by John Reader
  2. “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe
  3. “The Fate of Africa: A History of Fifty Years of Independence” by Martin Meredith
  4. Selected articles and book chapters available on the course website

Recommended Readings:

  • “Decolonizing the Mind” by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o
  • “African Religions and Philosophy” by John S. Mbiti
  • “Long Walk to Freedom” by Nelson Mandela

Course Policies:

  • Attendance: Regular attendance is expected. More than three unexcused absences will affect your final grade.
  • Participation: Active participation in discussions is encouraged and will be a part of the final grade.
  • Assignments: All assignments must be submitted on time. Late submissions will be penalized unless prior arrangements are made.
  • Academic Integrity: Plagiarism and cheating are strictly prohibited. Any violations will result in disciplinary action.

This syllabus is subject to change, and any modifications will be communicated promptly. Welcome to African Studies, and I look forward to an engaging and enlightening semester!

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

This course provides a comprehensive analysis of the political systems in Africa, exploring the historical, cultural, social, and economic contexts that shape the political landscape across the continent. Students will examine pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial political structures, focusing on the diversity and complexity of governance systems in various African countries.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the historical evolution of African political systems.
  2. Analyze the impact of colonialism and post-colonial developments on African politics.
  3. Examine contemporary political institutions and governance structures in Africa.
  4. Critically evaluate the role of international organizations and foreign policies in African political affairs.
  5. Explore the challenges and opportunities in African democratization and political reforms.

Course Outline:

Week 1-2: Introduction to African Political Systems

  • Overview of the course
  • Key concepts and definitions
  • Pre-colonial political structures

Week 3-4: Colonialism and Its Impact

  • European colonization of Africa
  • Colonial administration systems
  • Independence movements

Week 5-6: Post-Colonial Political Development

  • Transition to independence
  • One-party states and military regimes
  • Case studies: Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya

Week 7-8: Modern African Political Institutions

  • Constitutions and legal frameworks
  • Electoral systems and political parties
  • Governance and public administration

Week 9-10: Regional Organizations and International Relations

  • African Union and regional bodies (The East African Community, ECOWAS, SADC, EAC)
  • Africa’s position in global politics
  • Foreign aid and international interventions

Week 11-12: Democratization and Political Reforms

  • Waves of democratization in Africa
  • Civil society and political activism
  • Challenges to democratic consolidation

Week 13-14: Current Issues in African Politics

  • Ethnic conflicts and political violence
  • Corruption and governance challenges
  • Economic development and political stability

Week 15: Conclusion and Review

  • Recap of key themes and concepts
  • Final discussions and exam preparation


  • Participation and Attendance: 10%
  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Research Paper: 30%
  • Group Presentation: 20%
  • Final Exam: 20%

Reading List:

  1. “African Politics: Beyond the Third Wave of Democratization” by Joel D. Barkan
  2. “The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly” by Jean-François Bayart
  3. “Africa’s Third Liberation” by Greg Mills and Jeffrey Herbst
  4. “Democratization in Africa: Progress and Retreat” edited by Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner
  5. “When Things Fell Apart: State Failure in Late-Century Africa” by Robert H. Bates

Course Policies:

  • Attendance: Regular attendance is mandatory. More than three unexcused absences may result in a lower grade.
  • Late Submissions: Assignments submitted late will incur a penalty of 5% per day.
  • Academic Integrity: Plagiarism and cheating will not be tolerated and will result in disciplinary action.

This course will equip students with a deep understanding of the political dynamics within African countries and provide a solid foundation for further studies or careers related to African politics and international relations.

This course offers a comprehensive study of the geography of Africa, exploring its physical landscapes, climate, ecosystems, human geography, and regional variations. Students will gain an understanding of the continent’s diverse environments, cultural practices, and socio-economic conditions.

Course Objectives:

  1. To understand the physical geography of Africa, including major landforms, climate zones, and ecosystems.
  2. To analyze the human geography of Africa, including population distribution, urbanization, cultural diversity, and economic activities.
  3. To explore regional variations within Africa and the unique geographical characteristics of different areas.
  4. To examine contemporary issues facing Africa, such as environmental challenges, economic development, and geopolitical dynamics.

Course Outline:

Week 1-2: Introduction to African Geography

  • Overview of Africa’s geographical setting
  • Historical geography and exploration

Week 3-4: Physical Geography

  • Major landforms: mountains, plateaus, rivers, and deserts
  • Climate zones: equatorial, tropical, arid, Mediterranean, and temperate

Week 5-6: Ecosystems and Biodiversity

  • Rainforests, savannas, deserts, and marine environments
  • Flora and fauna diversity

Week 7-8: Human Geography

  • Population distribution and demographics
  • Urbanization and major cities
  • Cultural and ethnic diversity

Week 9-10: Economic Geography

  • Agricultural practices and rural development
  • Natural resources: mining, oil, and gas
  • Industrialization and economic growth

Week 11-12: Regional Geography

  • North Africa: Sahara, Mediterranean influence
  • West Africa: Sahel, coastal regions
  • East Africa: Rift Valley, highlands
  • Central Africa: Congo Basin
  • Southern Africa: Plateaus, Kalahari Desert

Week 13-14: Contemporary Issues

  • Environmental challenges: deforestation, desertification, climate change
  • Economic development and challenges
  • Geopolitical dynamics and conflicts

Week 15: Review and Exam Preparation

Required Texts and Materials:

  1. “Africa: A Biography of the Continent” by John Reader
  2. “The New Scramble for Africa” by Pádraig Carmody
  3. Academic articles, case studies, and multimedia resources provided via the course platform


  • Midterm Exam: 25%
  • Final Exam: 35%
  • Research Project: 20%
  • Class Participation and Discussions: 10%
  • Quizzes and Assignments: 10%

Research Project:

Students will choose a topic related to African geography to research in-depth. Topics could include the impact of climate change on a specific region, the role of natural resources in economic development, or an analysis of urbanization trends in a major African city.

Additional Activities:

  • Guest lectures from experts in African studies
  • Group discussions and presentations

Grading Scale:

  • A: 90-100%
  • B: 80-89%
  • C: 70-79%
  • D: 60-69%
  • F: Below 60%

Course Policies:

  • Attendance: Regular attendance is mandatory. Absences must be justified with valid reasons.
  • Academic Integrity: Plagiarism and cheating are strictly prohibited. Violations will result in disciplinary action.
  • Submission of Assignments: Late submissions will incur penalties unless prior arrangements are made.

This structure ensures a thorough exploration of African geography, integrating both physical and human elements to provide students with a holistic understanding of the continent.

  • In this subject, you will learn the terminology and the conceptual foundations for the study of various branches of law. You will also acquire theoretical and historical knowledge of law that will give you the right perspective to analyse various legal solutions to common problems.
  • This course will provide you with an outline of seminal as well as current paradigms in peace studies. The main themes will touch upon issues such as governance of insecurities, peace-making and peace-building, before going on to look at local critiques of foreign peace-building and state-building and alternative perspectives on post-war reconstruction.

    During this course we will focus on Somali Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, will use knowledge and skills developed within years 1 and 2 of the Programme and apply those to new issues and emergent debates. This course will specifically equips students with detailed knowledge of current approaches to and understandings of peace and state-building and of governance in post-war societies.

    The course also uses subject-specific knowledge to develop and enhance critical analytical skills and original thinking.

  • Academic writing can be very different from other types of written English. This course has been developed to help you learn the basics of academic writing and develop your English language skills.

    You’ll develop some proficiency in key areas of ‘academic’ grammar, learn about the stages in essay writing, and produce an essay of your own. You’ll also explore how to organise an essay, write in an academic style, and use tools to evaluate your own writing and other learners’ writing, so that by the end of the course you’re able to write a good, basic academic essay.

In this subject, you will study one of the oldest and most essential vehicles of law, the one that regulates and organises the exchange of goods and services: contracts and obligations. This is an essential starting point for the consolidation of other areas of civil law and for tackling other legal disciplines (commercial law, financial law, etc.).

This course focuses on the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia such as human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law, justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature, executive and an independent judiciary, in order to ensure accountability.

  • Terrorism and security are the issues near the top of the political agenda in countries from across the globe. This ourse will provide students with knowledge and understanding of the various approaches to studying terrorism and initiatives that are intended to counter it. In particular, the history of terrorism, the evolution of relevant terrorism and its related concepts, domestic and international case studies, and current issues will all be considered in detail with a view to providing students with the means and ability to assess these areas critically. Central to the module is an analysis of the role of the state in respect of how its responds to terrorism, how it may attempt to prevent terrorism, and its role as a potential instigator and sponsor of terrorism.

Ramaas University offers both Basic Swahili and Basic Arabic courses designed to equip students with foundational language skills.

Basic Swahili Course

The Basic Swahili course at Ramaas University focuses on developing essential language skills in Swahili. The curriculum includes:

  • Reading and Writing: Introduction to Swahili script and basic grammar.
  • Speaking and Listening: Building fundamental conversational skills.
  • Cultural Insights: Understanding aspects of Swahili-speaking cultures to enhance language learning.

Basic Arabic Course

The Basic Arabic course provides a comprehensive introduction to the Arabic language, covering:

  • Reading and Writing: Learning the Arabic script and foundational grammar.
  • Speaking and Listening: Basic communication skills for everyday interactions.
  • Cultural Context: Exploring key cultural elements of the Arab world to support language acquisition.

Both courses aim to provide students with the skills needed for simple conversational contexts and prepare them for more advanced studies in each language​.

For more detailed information, including enrollment details and course schedules, it’s best to visit the official Ramaas University website or contact our admissions office directly.

The aim of this subject is to collectively cultivate social awareness in the practice of our profession. You will have the opportunity to apply your skills and competencies as a student of law by taking part in social work projects with special groups such as elderly people, at-risk youth and immigrants, as well as cases having to do with environmental problems.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

Year 3

African History I & II courses at Ramaas University involves mapping out a comprehensive curriculum that covers the vast and diverse history of the African continent. Here’s a course structure:

African History I: Pre-Colonial and Colonial Africa

Course Description:

This course provides an overview of African history from ancient times until the late 19th century. It explores the development of civilizations, trade networks, cultural achievements, and the impact of European colonization.

Course Outline:

  1. Introduction to African History
    • Understanding African historiography
    • Sources and methods in African history

2. Ancient African Civilizations

    • Egypt and the Nile Valley
    • The Kingdom of Kush
    • Axum and the Ethiopian Highlands
    • Great Zimbabwe and Southern African states

3. West African Empires

    • Ghana Empire
    • Mali Empire and Mansa Musa
    • Songhai Empire

4. Trans-Saharan Trade and Islamic Influence

    • Spread of Islam in Africa
    • Timbuktu and the role of education

5. Central and East African Kingdoms

    • Kingdom of Kongo
    • Swahili city-states
    • Buganda and the Great Lakes region

7. Southern African Societies

    • Mapungubwe and Great Zimbabwe
    • The Zulu Kingdom and Shaka Zulu

8. African Diaspora and Slave Trade

    • Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
    • Impact on African societies
    • African resistance to the slave trade

9. Early European Exploration and Trade

    • Portuguese exploration
    • Impact on coastal African societies

10. Colonialism and Partition of Africa

    • The Scramble for Africa
    • Berlin Conference of 1884-1885
    • Initial European colonization efforts

11. Resistance to Colonial Rule

    • Early resistance movements
    • Case studies: Samori Toure, Yaa Asantewaa, and others

African History II: 20th Century and Contemporary Africa

Course Description:

This course examines the major events and themes in African history from the late 19th century to the present. It covers the struggles for independence, post-colonial challenges, and contemporary issues facing the continent.

Course Outline:

  1. Colonial Rule and Its Impact

    • Colonial administrative systems
    • Economic exploitation and social changes
    • Education and missionary activities

2. The Rise of Nationalism

    • Early nationalist movements
    • Role of World War I and World War II
    • Pan-Africanism and its leaders

3. Struggles for Independence

    • Key independence movements and leaders
    • Case studies: Somalia, Ghana, Kenya, Algeria, and others
    • The role of the United Nations

4. Post-Colonial Africa

    • Challenges of nation-building
    • Economic development and dependency
    • Political instability and military coups

5. Cold War and Africa

    • Superpower involvement in Africa
    • Case studies: Congo Crisis, Angola, Ethiopia, and Somalia

6. Apartheid and Liberation in Southern Africa

    • History of apartheid in South Africa
    • Liberation movements: ANC, SWAPO, and others
    • Nelson Mandela and the end of apartheid

7. Contemporary Africa: Social and Economic Issues

    • Health issues: HIV/AIDS, malaria, and Ebola
    • Economic growth and development challenges
    • Urbanization and infrastructure

8. Contemporary Africa: Political Issues

    • Democracy and governance
    • Human rights and conflict
    • Role of the African Union

9. Cultural and Social Trends

    • African literature, music, and art
    • Impact of globalization on African societies
    • Role of women and youth in contemporary Africa

10. Africa in Global Perspective

    • Africa’s role in international organizations
    • Trade and investment with the global economy
    • Future prospects for the continent

Course Requirements:

  • Readings: Selected primary and secondary sources.
  • Assessments: Essays, exams, class discussions, and research projects.
  • Field Trips/Guest Lectures: Optional visits to local museums or talks by experts in African history.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Develop a comprehensive understanding of African history from ancient times to the present.
  • Analyze the impact of major events and movements on African societies.
  • Understand the diversity and complexity of African cultures and civilizations.
  • Critically evaluate sources and historiographical debates in African history.

These courses aim to provide students with a deep and nuanced understanding of Africa’s rich history, preparing them for further study or careers related to the continent.

This course explores the rich and diverse literature of Africa, covering various genres such as poetry, prose, and drama. It examines the historical, cultural, and political contexts that have shaped African literature. The course includes works from different regions and languages, highlighting both pre-colonial oral traditions and contemporary written texts.

Course Objectives:

  • To introduce students to the major themes and styles in African literature.
  • To understand the historical and cultural contexts of African literary works.
  • To develop critical thinking and analytical skills through reading and discussing African texts.
  • To appreciate the diversity and complexity of African literature.

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • Identify key authors and works in African literature.
  • Analyze literary texts within their historical, social, and political contexts.
  • Compare and contrast different genres and styles in African literature.
  • Articulate the contributions of African literature to world literature.

Course Content:

  1. Introduction to African Literature
    • Definition and scope
    • Oral traditions and storytelling

2. Pre-Colonial African Literature

    • Folk tales, myths, and legends
    • Epic poetry

3. Colonial and Post-Colonial Literature

    • Impact of colonialism on African literature
    • Nationalism and identity

4. Modern African Literature

    • Contemporary themes and issues
    • Diaspora and transnational literature

5. Regional Literatures

    • West African literature
    • East African literature
    • Southern African literature
    • North African literature

6. Prominent African Authors

    • Nuradin Farah
    • Abdalla Omar Mansuur
    • Chinua Achebe
    • Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o
    • Wole Soyinka
    • Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

7. Themes in African Literature

    • Tradition vs. modernity
    • Gender and sexuality
    • Politics and power
    • Religion and spirituality

Teaching Methodology:

  • Lectures
  • Group discussions
  • Reading assignments
  • Film screenings
  • Guest lectures


  • Midterm exam: 20%
  • Final exam: 30%
  • Essays: 20%
  • Class participation: 10%
  • Presentations: 20%

Required Texts:

  • “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe
  • “Petals of Blood” by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o
  • “Death and the King’s Horseman” by Wole Soyinka
  • “Half of a Yellow Sun” by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Additional Readings:

  • Selected poems and short stories by African authors
  • Academic articles and critical essays

Note: This is a sample course outline and may be adjusted based on the university’s specific requirements and resources.

  • This course offers a general introduction to the World International Trade Law (WTO Law), EU-law, Africa and the other parts of the world. Exploring the structure, principles and main WTO Agreements shaping international trade within the WTO will provide the students with a birds-eye view to international trade framework in general. The study of the relationship between WTO and EU will consist of the analysis of the status of the EU in the WTO, and the legal effect of WTO law in the EU.

In this subject, you will gain a deeper understanding of administrative law, with a focus on public administration. We will study the activities of public administrations and their main constituent entities, which are endowed with certain powers that give them a position of superiority with regard to citizens, so that they can effectively serve the general interest.

  • The Arab-Israeli conflict stands as one of the most enduring and, some claim, most intractable political issues in the modern Middle East, if not the whole world. This course offers a detailed examination of this ongoing conflict from its beginnings in the First World War until the present day. It explores the growth of the Zionist movement, the emergence of Palestinian nationalism, the impact of the critical years of 1948 and 1967 that saw the birth and consolidation of the state of Israel and the continuing dispossession of the Palestinians, and the ongoing attempts of forging a political solution since that time. The course is broadly chronological in shape, but uses primary and secondary sources to explore a range of issues including Israeli state and society, European and American intervention in the Middle East, terrorism and war, religion, and efforts to bring peace.

In this subject, you will acquire the necessary knowledge about international and European environmental law. Through practical application, you will learn about the most important international agreements, regulations and environmental guidelines and the future challenges they entail, among other topics.

From a theoretical and practical perspective, this subject will provide an introduction to the reality of diplomatic and consular relations, ad hoc diplomacy, relations with other subjects of international law, and agents and officials of international organisations.

  • Choosing between a work placement and a study option course depends on several factors, including your career goals, learning style, industry standards, and personal preferences. You’ll have the option to study or do a work placement. Not only will this give you an amazing experience to talk about but will also give your CV a boost.

     This offers you the opportunity to enhance your study and CV with a work placement. It’s a chance to explore career possibilities, make valuable contacts and gain sought after professional skills.

    – This is an important component of Ramaas University degrees, work placements help you to build academic expertise as well as to gain real-world experience. You’ll receive credit for your efforts, and you’ll learn the extra transferable skills needed to excel in your chosen career. You’ll also develop your ability to deal with pressure and hit crucial deadlines. All of which will make you stand out against the competition and impress employers when you graduate.

    – Ultimately, the decision between a work placement and a study option course should be based on your individual career objectives, learning preferences, and the specific opportunities available in your field. If possible, seek advice, other professionals, academic advisors to make an informed decision.

Year 4

This course in the Academic English: Writing specialization, and it is a more advanced writing course. It will help you raise the level of your writing and make you more aware of the type of writing you can expect in college. You’ll learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it using correct MLA citations. Also, you’ll learn to write a synthesis essay, which will help develop your critical thinking skills. Finally, you’ll write a documented essay, which will help further enhance your skill of using outside sources in your writing.

  • Advanced Argument Essays

In the previous class, you learned about writing argument essays. Here you’re going to learn how to make your essays more academic by writing more body paragraphs and adding support from outside sources. You will write a new argument essay, and since you already know how to write an argument, this will be a good way to practice using sources.

  • Avoiding Plagiarism

The topic of this module is very important for you to know about before you start taking college classes. Plagiarism is a kind of academic dishonesty that gets students into big trouble or even gets them dismissed from school. In this module, you will learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

  • Synthesis Essay

In classes, you will often be asked to read several articles and write an essay about an idea you form from reading the articles. This kind of essay is called a synthesis essay. In this module, you will be given two lists of articles to choose from. You will need to read the articles on your list and then write a synthesis essay. You will use sources from the articles to support your own ideas.

  • Documented Essay

In this course, you will start using the Internet to find your own outside sources to support your ideas. You will also try to write a longer essay than you have before. This module will give your more practice using quotes and paraphrase in your essay, and you will learn to use a Works Cited page to list your sources.

  • This course analyzes issues of leadership and statehood that run contrary to international norms and democratic standards. Students will investigate key case studies and examine how they offer challenges to the global community and international security. It acquaints students with problem areas and issues in world politics and gets them thinking of conflict-resolution strategies that are both short and long-term. How these strategies are employed within Somali foreign policy and their likely efficacy is also examined.

The “Research Methods in African Studies” course at Ramaas University offers an in-depth examination of various research methodologies pertinent to African Studies. The course aims to equip students with critical analytical skills, research design capabilities, data collection and analysis techniques, and academic writing proficiency. This course falls under the category of advanced academic research and is designed for those looking to delve deeply into the field of African Studies.

Course Highlights:

  • Critical Thinking and Analytical Skills: Students will develop the ability to critically evaluate existing research and design their own studies.
  • Research Design and Planning: The course covers the fundamentals of creating robust research frameworks.
  • Data Collection Methods: Various qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques will be explored.
  • Data Analysis: Students will learn to analyze data effectively to draw meaningful conclusions.
  • Academic Writing: Emphasis on producing high-quality academic papers and reports.

Course Objectives:

  • Introduce students to the diverse research methods in African Studies.
  • Develop students’ ability to design and conduct independent research projects.
  • Enhance critical thinking and analytical skills in the context of African Studies.
  • Foster ethical research practices and cultural sensitivity.

Course Outline:

Week 1: Introduction to African Studies and Research Methodologies

  • Overview of African Studies and its interdisciplinary nature.
  • Introduction to various research methodologies.
  • Importance of context and local perspectives in African research.

Week 2: Research Design and Proposal Writing

  • Crafting research questions and hypotheses.
  • Conducting literature reviews and developing theoretical frameworks.
  • Steps in writing a compelling research proposal.

Week 3: Qualitative Research Methods

  • Techniques in ethnography and participant observation.
  • Conducting in-depth interviews and focus groups.
  • Case study methodologies and their application.

Week 4: Quantitative Research Methods

  • Designing and implementing surveys.
  • Basic statistical analysis and data interpretation.
  • Introduction to statistical software (e.g., SPSS, R).

Week 5: Archival and Historical Research

  • Accessing and utilizing archives and historical documents.
  • Oral history: techniques and importance.
  • Exploring digital archives and databases.

Week 6: Fieldwork Techniques

  • Preparing for and conducting fieldwork.
  • Strategies for negotiating access and building rapport.
  • Effective data collection and maintaining field notes.

Week 7: Ethical Considerations in African Research

  • Ethical guidelines and protocols.
  • Ensuring informed consent and confidentiality.
  • Addressing power dynamics and researcher positionality.

Week 8: Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Research

  • Understanding the significance of indigenous knowledge.
  • Methodologies for studying and integrating indigenous practices.
  • Respecting and incorporating local perspectives in research.

Week 9: Contemporary Digital Tools and Methods

  • Digital humanities and their application in African Studies.
  • Using GIS and spatial analysis in research.
  • Social media as a research tool.

Week 10: Analyzing and Interpreting Data

  • Qualitative data analysis: coding and thematic analysis.
  • Quantitative data analysis: descriptive and inferential statistics.
  • Mixed methods analysis and triangulation.

Week 11: Writing and Presenting Research

  • Academic writing: structuring a research paper.
  • Techniques for presenting research findings.
  • Strategies for research dissemination and publication.

Week 12: Student Research Presentations

  • Presentation of research proposals or findings by students.
  • Peer review and constructive feedback sessions.

Assessment Methods:

  • Participation and class discussions (20%)
  • Research proposal (30%)
  • Case study (30%)
  • Final presentation (20%)

Recommended Readings:

  1. “Research Methods in African Studies” by Archie Mafeje
  2. “Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples” by Linda Tuhiwai Smith
  3. “The Palgrave Handbook of Research Design in Business and Management” by K. Strang
  4. “The Practice of Social Research” by Earl Babbie

Additional Resources:

  • Journals: African Studies Review, Journal of African Cultural Studies, African Affairs
  • Online databases: JSTOR, African Journals Online (AJOL), Google Scholar
  • Software tools: NVivo (qualitative analysis), SPSS/R (quantitative analysis), GIS software (spatial analysis)

Course Policies:

  • Regular attendance and active participation are mandatory.
  • Assignments should be submitted on time.
  • Adherence to ethical guidelines in all research activities is required.

This outline ensures a comprehensive and practical approach to teaching research methods in African Studies at Ramaas University, focusing on equipping students with the necessary skills and knowledge to conduct ethically sound and culturally sensitive research.

  • This course examines various fundamentalist movements around the globe. Students evaluate how various ‘fundamentalisms’ impact domestic and global political processes. The process for morphing radicalism into political violence is examined. How various international factors can ameliorate/exacerbate extremism is examined.
  • This course examines how democratization projects in Somalia and around the world succeed or fail and the international dynamics that flow from that success/failure. International threats that emerge from the problems and flaws of implementation are investigated in depth. Case studies are used as teaching tools about international involvement and difficulties with that engagement. This upper-division course aims to make students competent in the long-term national security objectives of establishing peaceful, stable, and prosperous democracies and aware of the problems in accomplishing that goal.

A Contemporary African Issues course at Ramaas University would likely explore a wide range of topics related to the current social, political, economic, and cultural challenges and opportunities facing African countries. Here is an outline for such a course:

Contemporary African Issues:

This course offers an in-depth exploration of contemporary issues affecting African nations. Students will examine historical contexts, analyze current challenges, and explore potential future developments across the continent. Key topics include governance, economic development, health, education, technology, conflict, and the role of Africa in the global arena. The course will utilize a multidisciplinary approach, drawing from political science, economics, sociology, and cultural studies.

Course Objectives:

  1. To provide an understanding of the historical background that shapes contemporary African issues.
  2. To analyze the major social, economic, and political challenges facing African countries today.
  3. To evaluate the impact of globalization on Africa.
  4. To discuss the role of African nations in international politics and the global economy.
  5. To explore solutions and strategies for addressing current issues in Africa.

Course Outline:

Week 1: Introduction to Contemporary Africa

  • Overview of the course
  • Historical context of modern Africa
  • Africa’s diversity in geography, cultures, and languages

Week 2: Governance and Political Stability

  • Post-colonial political developments
  • Governance structures and democratic processes
  • Corruption and political instability
  • Case studies: Nigeria, South Africa, and Kenya

Week 3: Economic Development and Challenges

  • Economic growth trends and patterns
  • Poverty, inequality, and unemployment
  • Resource management and sustainability
  • Case studies: Botswana, Rwanda, and Ethiopia

Week 4: Health Issues

  • Major health challenges: HIV/AIDS, malaria, Ebola, COVID-19
  • Healthcare systems and infrastructure
  • International aid and health initiatives
  • Case studies: Sierra Leone, Uganda, and South Africa

Week 5: Education and Human Capital

  • Education systems and access
  • Literacy rates and educational attainment
  • Gender disparities in education
  • Case studies: Ghana, Tanzania, and Senegal

Week 6: Technology and Innovation

  • The digital divide and ICT development
  • Innovations in technology and entrepreneurship
  • The role of technology in development
  • Case studies: Nigeria, Kenya, and Rwanda

Week 7: Conflict and Security

  • Causes and consequences of conflicts
  • Regional conflicts and their impact
  • Peacekeeping and conflict resolution efforts
  • Case studies: Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, and Somalia

Week 8: Africa in the Global Arena

  • Africa’s role in international organizations
  • Trade relationships and economic partnerships
  • The impact of foreign aid and investment
  • Case studies: China-Africa relations, the African Union, and the United Nations

Week 9: Environmental Issues

  • Climate change and its impact on Africa
  • Environmental degradation and conservation efforts
  • Sustainable development goals
  • Case studies: Sahel region, Congo Basin, and South Africa

Week 10: Cultural Dynamics and Identity

  • Cultural heritage and contemporary expressions
  • The role of media and communication
  • Issues of identity and diaspora
  • Case studies: Nollywood, African literature, and music

Week 11: Future Trends and Prospects

  • Predictions for Africa’s future development
  • Emerging trends in politics, economics, and society
  • The role of youth and new leadership
  • Discussion and reflection on course themes


  • Participation and class discussions: 20%
  • Mid-term paper: 25%
  • Case study presentations: 25%
  • Final exam or project: 30%

Recommended Readings:

  • “The State of Africa” by Martin Meredith
  • “Africa: Altered States, Ordinary Miracles” by Richard Dowden
  • “Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa” by Dambisa Moyo
  • Various academic articles, reports, and current news pieces relevant to each topic

Additional Resources:

  • Documentaries and films
  • Guest lectures by experts in African studies
  • Online databases and research tools for current events

This course structure provides a comprehensive understanding of the diverse and complex issues facing contemporary Africa, equipping students with the knowledge and analytical skills needed to engage with these challenges critically.

  • Bachelor of African Studies Dissertation Project is a compulsory final project. It is a research-based project of 10,000 words. This module provides you with the opportunity to choose a research topic that you are especially interested in and work on your own initiative. It allows you the freedom of independent study under the guidance of your supervisor, to undertake research on a specific topic, and to enhance your ability to master appropriate primary and secondary materials.
  • This is your chance to develop a range of valuable skills different from those you have already gained from your undergraduate degree such as researching, planning, writing well, thinking analytically, synthesizing complicated information, and organizing your time. It can also play an important role in showing a potential employer that you are able to work independently, plan a bigger project, collect information, and find the answer to any specific problem.

Entry Requirements:

Document Requirements:

  • You will be required to submit the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this bachelor’s degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current secondary school, then you can still apply and you can provide your High School Certificate at a later date.

Your Secondary’s or University Certificate and Transcript:

  • Upload your secondary school’s certificate or university’s certificate and a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your high school (s) (original) or university if you are planning to earn double bachelor degree.

Personal Statement:

  • A photo passport and a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular bachelor’s degree programme.

You can apply and upload documents here

Study information

start:15 September – Campus
10 October – Online studies
10 January – Online studies
15 February – Campus


Place of Study:

Mogadishu Campus or Online Studies

Application fee: $35

Semester fee: $250

Application Deadline:Continuous recording. Applications are processed in the order in which they are received.
Duration:4 years full-time (campus and online studies)
5 years part-time (online studies only)
Degree::Bachelor Degree (Professional Degree)

Programme Instructors

Abdijabaar Sh. Ahmed, PhD Candidate

Programme leader and Instructor

Foad Warsame Abdi

Co-programme Leader and Instructor

Dr. Maryama Hassan

Subject Instructor

Abdihakim Abdisalam

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Shirac

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Idle, PhD

Subject Instructor

Wafa W. Ahmed

Course Advisor and Graduation Policy.

Dr. Abdullahi Sh. Mubarak Rashid

Co-program Leader and Instructor

Rooda Mohamed

Subject Instructor

Samina Khan, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hawa Osman, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hassan Garaad

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 17 1010

Kafiya Abdillahi

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 62 4444

Are you ready to take the next step towards your brighter future?

Halkaan ka akhriso

Shahaadada Jaamacaddeed ee Daraasadda Afrika

Waa sharaxaad koobban oo ku saabsan Kulliyada Shahaadada Jaamacaddeed ee Daraasadda Afrika oo af Soomaali lagu diyaariyey. Riix Akhriso!

The Admissions and Enrollment Management Office

Admission and Enrollments

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