Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice

A Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice degree at Ramaas University is an undergraduate degree programme that focuses on the study of crime, criminal behavior, the criminal justice system, and related social, legal, and ethical issues. This degree programme provides a comprehensive foundation in understanding crime and the criminal justice system, preparing students for various roles in law enforcement, legal professions, corrections, and community services. The program also equips graduates with the critical thinking, research, and ethical skills necessary for advanced studies or professional careers in the field.

Graduates of a Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice program can pursue various career paths, including: Law Enforcement Officer, Detective/Investigator, Correctional Officer, Probation/Parole Officer, Crime Analyst, Victim Advocate, Juvenile Justice Counselor, Forensic Scientist, Policy Analyst and Legal Assistant.

Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice is growing field with increasing opportunities to create change in communities affected by crime and the social structures and systems that influence and respond to it. You’ll develop an understanding of historical and current issues, including drug (Qaadka) policy, human rights, violence, organised crime and mass incarceration. You’ll also learn about key institutions in the criminal justice system including the police, courts and prison, and the impact they have on the community.

Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice Educational Curriculum

To obtain Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice​ Degree, students are required to complete 180 credits. Courses may be taken on a full-time, part-time basis or online studies. 

Foundation Year (Sanadka Aasaasiga)

Anagoo raacayso qorshaha Wasaaradda Waxbarashada, Hiddaha Iyo Tacliinta Sare Soomaaliya ee sanadka aas-aasaiga ah ee arday kasta laga doonaayo inuu qaato sanadka ugu horreeya ee jaamacadda, ayaa waxay Jaamacadda Ramaas kusoo dartay koorsada Luuqada Afka Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta. Ujeedka ay Jaamacadda ka leedahay ayaa ah in hab-qoraalka toolmoon ee afka Soomaaliga si fiican ardayga loo barro. Qoritaanka Af Soomaaligu waa uu ka duwan yahay dhihitaanka afka, ama waxa aynnu odhan karnaa hadalka caadiga ah iyo dhigaalku waa ay kala geddisan yihiin. Waana muhiim in ardayda si toosan afka Soomaaliga dhigaalkiisa saxda ah loo barro.

  • Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsada: Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsadan waa kuwa aqoon-duruqsan u leh qaab qoraalka afka Soomaaliya. Waxay bixin doonaan dulmar guud oo ku saabsan fikradaha iyo xirfadaha muhiimka ah ee qaab qoraalka toolmoon.
  • Cilmiga astaamaha qoraalka: Qoraaga aan waxba ka aqoon cilmiga astaamaynta qoraalka, ama astaan kasta aan dhigi karin booskeeda saxda ah, waxa uu la mid yahay askari aan wax ba ka aqoon cilmiga rididda qoriga, oo xabbad kasta aan ku dili karin qofkeeda cadowga ah.
  • Maxaad ku barran doontaa koorsadaan? waxaad ku barran doontaa sida saxda ah ee astaamaynta qoraalku, qeexid ahaan, calaamado kala muuqaal ah, kuwa loo adeegsado qoraalka, ujeedka ayaa ah in qoraalku si wacan loo akhrin karo erayadiisa, dhan kalena si uu u noqdo mid si cad loo fahmi karo ujeeddadiisa. Astaan la muuqaal ah astaan kale ma jirto. Tusaalle ahaan, astaanta joogsiga ( . ) waa mid ka muuqaal duwan astaanta joogsihakadka ( ; ). Sida oo kale, astaan la shaqo ah astaan kale ma jirto.
  • Suugaanta: Dhinaca kalle, koorsada waxaad ku barran doontaa hab-curinta suugaanta iyo macnayaasha guud ee ay xambaarsan yihiin.

Guud ahaan, ujeedka ay Jaamacadda Ramaas ka leedahay koorsadan ayaa ah in ardayda si fiican u bartaan qaab-qoraalka habboon, sixidda higgaadda erayada, sidoo kale dhowridda astaamaha iyo xeerarka dhigaalka, taasi oo qayb ka ah qoraalka. Taasina waa xil saaran qoraaga iyo tifaftiraha.

Civil Education and Civic Engagement course at Ramaas University would involve several key steps and components to ensure it effectively educates students on their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens. Here is a comprehensive outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices of civil education. It will cover topics such as civic responsibility, Somali government structure, civil rights and liberties, community involvement, and global citizenship. Through lectures, discussions, and hands-on projects, students will develop the skills and knowledge necessary to become informed and active participants in their communities and the broader society.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proactive and informed citizens, capable of contributing positively to their communities and society at large.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving course is designed to equip students with the essential skills of critical thinking and problem-solving. It focuses on developing the ability to analyze complex situations, identify problems, generate solutions, and make informed decisions. By the end of the course, students will be able to apply these skills in academic, professional, and everyday contexts.

Course Objectives:

Understand Critical Thinking:

– Define critical thinking and its importance.
– Identify the components and characteristics of a critical thinker.
– Recognize common logical fallacies and biases.

Develop Problem-Solving Skills:

– Understand different problem-solving strategies and techniques.
– Apply structured approaches to problem-solving.
– Develop creative and innovative solutions to problems.

Enhance Analytical Skills:

– Analyze and interpret data effectively.
– Use analytical tools to assess situations and make decisions.
– Evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information.

Improve Decision-Making:

– Apply decision-making models to real-life scenarios.
– Understand the role of ethics in decision-making.
– Reflect on personal decision-making styles and their effectiveness.

Final Course Assessment:

– Participation and contribution to class discussions.
– Group projects and presentations.
– Individual assignments and case study analyses.
– Final exam covering theoretical and practical aspects.

English 100 at Ramaas University is a foundational course designed to enhance students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical thinking. This course aims to build a strong foundation in English, equipping students with the necessary skills to succeed in their academic and professional pursuits.


The primary objectives of English 100 are to:

Develop effective reading strategies for comprehending and analyzing various texts.
Improve writing skills, focusing on clarity, coherence, and organization.
Enhance grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary usage.
Cultivate critical thinking and the ability to construct well-supported arguments.
Foster an appreciation for literature and diverse written forms.

Curriculum and Content

The curriculum for English 100 covers a broad range of topics and activities, including:

Reading Comprehension: Students will engage with a variety of texts, including essays, articles, short stories, and poems. Emphasis will be placed on identifying main ideas, supporting details, and themes.

Writing Skills: Instruction will focus on the writing process, from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students will learn to write different types of essays, such as narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays.

Grammar and Mechanics: Lessons will cover fundamental grammar rules, sentence structure, punctuation, and word usage. Regular exercises and quizzes will help reinforce these concepts.

Critical Thinking: Through class discussions, debates, and written assignments, students will practice analyzing texts and developing their own arguments.

Literature Appreciation: The course will introduce students to significant works of literature, exploring various genres and styles. This component aims to broaden students’ understanding and appreciation of literary art.

Teaching Methodology

English 100 employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and facilitate learning:

Lectures: Instructors will provide comprehensive overviews of key concepts and skills.
Group Work: Collaborative activities and peer reviews will encourage students to learn from each other and improve their communication skills.
Writing Workshops: These sessions will offer hands-on practice in writing and revising, with feedback from both peers and instructors.
Interactive Discussions: Class discussions on readings and relevant topics will promote critical thinking and active participation.
Assignments and Assessments: Regular homework assignments, essays, quizzes, and exams will help track students’ progress and understanding.

Resources and Support

Students enrolled in English 100 will have access to various resources and support services, including:

Library Access: Comprehensive library resources, including books, academic journals, and online databases, to support reading and research.
Office Hours: Instructors will be available during designated office hours to provide additional help and answer questions.
Ramaas Online Learning Platform: A digital platform where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and participate in online discussions.

Assessment and Grading

Assessment in English 100 will be based on a combination of:
– Written assignments and essays
– Quizzes and exams
– Class participation and attendance
– Group projects and presentations
– Peer reviews and feedback

Grading will reflect students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical analysis, as well as their effort and engagement in the course.

English 100 at Ramaas University is an essential course for students seeking to improve their English language skills and academic performance. By fostering a strong foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking, this course prepares students for future academic challenges and professional success.

  • Introduction to Arabic Language course at Ramaas University requires a well-structured curriculum that addresses the needs of beginners while progressively building up to more advanced skills. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:
This course provides an introduction to the Arabic language, covering the fundamentals of reading, writing, speaking, and understanding Arabic. It aims to equip students with basic communication skills and a foundational understanding of Arabic grammar and vocabulary. The course also introduces elements of Arabic culture to enhance language learning.

Course Objectives:
– Develop basic proficiency in reading and writing Arabic script.
– Acquire essential vocabulary and grammar for everyday communication.
– Build foundational skills in listening and speaking Arabic.
– Gain an understanding of key aspects of Arab world culture and society.
– Develop the ability to use Arabic in simple conversational contexts.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a foundational understanding of the Arabic language and the skills needed to continue their studies or use Arabic in basic conversational contexts.

  • The Introduction to Psychology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This course aims to introduce key concepts, theories, and research methods in psychology, offering insights into how psychological principles can be applied to various aspects of life.

    Course Objectives:

    – Foundation in Psychology: To introduce students to the fundamental concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Research Methods: To familiarize students with basic research methods used in psychological studies.
    – Application: To demonstrate how psychological principles can be applied to real situations.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical thinking skills through analysis and discussion of psychological concepts.
    – Awareness: To increase awareness of the various subfields within psychology

    Learning Outcomes:

    By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and describe key concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Apply psychological principles to everyday situations.
    – Analyze psychological research and critically evaluate findings.
    – Demonstrate knowledge of the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.
    – Discuss the ethical considerations in psychological research and practice.

  • The Introduction to Chemistry course at Ramaas University is structured to give students a thorough grounding in the fundamental principles and concepts of chemistry. This course serves as a foundation for advanced study in chemistry and related disciplines, providing essential knowledge and practical skills.

    Course Objectives:

    – Fundamental Principles: To introduce the basic principles and concepts of chemistry.
    – Scientific Method: To develop an understanding of the scientific method and its application in chemistry.
    – Practical Skills: To provide hands-on experience with laboratory techniques and safety procedures.
    – Preparation for Advanced Study: To prepare students for more advanced courses in chemistry and related fields.

    Learning Outcomes:

  • By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and explain the basic concepts and principles of chemistry.
    – Perform chemical calculations related to stoichiometry, gas laws, and solutions.
    – Apply the scientific method to design, conduct, and analyze experiments.
    – Demonstrate safe and proper laboratory techniques.
    – Interpret and analyze data to draw conclusions about chemical phenomena.

    For detailed information about the course schedule, syllabus, and specific requirements, students should refer to the course materials provided at the beginning of the semester and communicate with the instructor.

  • The foundation year in mathematics is a preparatory program designed to equip students with the essential knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a degree course in mathematics or a related field.

    Course Objectives

    To provide a solid grounding in key mathematical concepts and techniques for students who may not have the required qualifications or who need to strengthen their understanding before embarking on a full degree program.

    Develop Problem-Solving Skills: Foster analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities that are crucial for higher-level mathematics.

    Build Confidence: Help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities through a structured and supportive learning environment.

Introduction to Computers course at Ramaas University involves designing a curriculum that covers fundamental aspects of computer science and information technology. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course provides a comprehensive overview of computer systems and their applications. It covers the basic principles of hardware, software, and networks, along with an introduction to programming and data management. The course aims to equip students with the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers in academic, professional, and personal contexts.

Course Objectives:

– Understand the basic components and functions of a computer system.
– Understanding basic components of a computer (hardware and software)
– Introduction to operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
– Inside the computer: CPU, memory, storage devices
– Develop problem-solving skills using computer technology.
– Explore the ethical and social implications of computing.
– Fundamentals of cybersecurity (passwords, encryption, malware)
– Common software applications (word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software)

Assessment Methods:

Participation in class discussions and activities
– Quizzes and exams on course material
– Practical assignments and projects
– Group projects and presentations
Final Porject

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a solid foundation in computer science, enabling them to utilize computer technology effectively in their academic and professional pursuits.

  • In this course, students will learn how to identify goals as they grow naturally and learn strategies for facilitating the evolution of those objectives. Students will learn about concepts such as bootstrapping and different marketing techniques, as well as how to start a business from the ground up.
    • The overall goal of this course is for you to develop clear reasoning and writing skills. By the end of the course, you should be able to employ critical thinking and writing strategies in your other courses and in life.

    • After completion this course, students should be able to analyze different text types and genres distinguish between different stylistic levels, produce coherent texts in formal and informal English.

    • Your course grade is based on how well you develop your thinking and reasoning abilities and the knowledge and skills to write clearly and effectively. You will have many other opportunities to demonstrate your thinking and writing skills in a series of smaller or scaffolding assignments. These smaller assignments are vital to your success in learning how to follow the writing process to produce university-level writing.
  • This Introduction to Research Methodology course will provide you with a overview of the various research methods used when addressing a research question, including quantitative methods for analysing data, qualitative research, study design, literature review and how to write a scientific paper.

  • The main purpose of this ccourse is to provide you with a broad introduction to the methodological foundations and tools to study mass communications. But a secondary purpose is to convince you that the process of scientific discovery can be fun. Most of the semester will focus on the fundamentals of quantitative social
    science and applied research, although we will also explore qualitative research.

  • You will learn how to identify problems to study, develop hypotheses and research questions, specify independent and dependent variables, check for the validity and reliability of studies and design research projects. You will be exposed to the broad range of designs used in communication research from laboratory and field experiments, surveys, content analysis, focus groups and in-depth interviewing.

  • The Global Studies course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary program aimed at providing students with a deep understanding of global issues, cultures, and systems. Below is an outline of what such a course might encompass.

    This Global Studies course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to understand and engage with the complexities of the globalized world. The course integrates various disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, history, and cultural studies to provide a holistic view of global dynamics.

    Core Objectives of this course:

    – Interdisciplinary Approach: To blend insights from multiple disciplines for a nuanced understanding of global issues.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical analysis and problem-solving skills.
    – Cultural Competence: To foster an appreciation of diverse cultures and global perspectives.
    – Global Awareness: To raise awareness about global challenges such as inequality, climate change, human rights, and international relations.
    – Research Skills: To enhance students’ ability to conduct comprehensive research on global topics.

    Skills Developed:

    -Analytical and critical thinking
    – Effective communication and presentation
    – Research and data analysis
    – Cultural sensitivity and adaptability
    – Policy analysis and strategic planning


Year 2

This subject covers the fundamentals that will allow you to understand Somalia’s constitutional system and the nature of the Somali state. This course offers an introduction to Somali constitutional law. In addition to examining questions of interpretive method, the course focuses on the powers of the federal government and the allocation of decision making authority among government institutions, including both federalism and separation of powers.

The Introduction to Criminology course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive foundation in the field of criminology, exploring the nature, extent, causes, and control of criminal behavior in society. This course is designed for undergraduate students interested in understanding crime from a multidisciplinary perspective, incorporating insights from sociology, psychology, law, and public policy.

Course Objectives: By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand the Fundamentals of Criminology: Define and explain key concepts and theories in criminology.
  2. Analyze Crime Data: Interpret and critically evaluate crime statistics and trends.
  3. Explore Theories of Crime: Examine various theoretical frameworks that explain why crimes occur.
  4. Examine the Criminal Justice System: Understand the components and functions of the criminal justice system, including law enforcement, courts, and corrections.
  5. Apply Criminological Research: Conduct basic criminological research and apply findings to real-world situations.

Course Content

The course is structured into several key modules, each focusing on different aspects of criminology:

  1. Introduction to Criminology

    • Definition and scope of criminology
    • Historical development of criminology
    • The role of criminologists

2. Measuring Crime

    • Methods of crime measurement
    • Trends and patterns in crime statistics

3. Theories of Crime

    • Classical and neoclassical theories
    • Biological and psychological theories
    • Sociological theories (strain theory, social learning theory, control theory)
    • Contemporary theories and perspectives

4. Types of Crime

    • Violent crimes (homicide, assault, robbery)
    • Property crimes (burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft)
    • White-collar and corporate crime
    • Cybercrime and emerging criminal behaviors

5. The Criminal Justice System

    • Structure and function of law enforcement agencies
    • The court system and legal process
    • Correctional institutions and rehabilitation

6. Criminological Research Methods

    • Qualitative and quantitative research methods
    • Ethical considerations in criminological research
    • Analysis and interpretation of research findings

7. Crime Prevention and Control

    • Strategies for crime prevention
    • Role of community and societal interventions
    • Policy implications and reform

Assessment Methods: Students will be assessed through a combination of:

  • Examinations: Mid-term and final exams to test understanding of key concepts and theories.
  • Research Projects: Conducting criminological research and presenting findings.
  • Class Participation: Active participation in class discussions and activities.
  • Written Assignments: Essays and reports analyzing specific aspects of criminology.

Recommended Reading:

  • “Criminology: The Core” by Larry J. Siegel
  • “Introduction to Criminology: Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior” by Frank E. Hagan
  • “The Oxford Handbook of Criminology” edited by Alison Liebling, Shadd Maruna, and Lesley McAra

Course Schedule:

  • Week 1-2: Introduction and History of Criminology
  • Week 3-4: Measuring Crime
  • Week 5-6: Theories of Crime
  • Week 7-8: Types of Crime
  • Week 9-10: The Criminal Justice System
  • Week 11-12: Criminological Research Methods
  • Week 13-14: Crime Prevention and Control
  • Week 15: Review and Final Exam Preparation

This course provides a solid foundation for students interested in pursuing advanced studies in criminology or careers in criminal justice, law enforcement, public policy, or related fields.

A Foundations of Criminal Justice course typically covers the key components, concepts, and systems within the field of criminal justice. Below is an outline of the topics and areas that are often included in such a course:

Course Outline: Foundations of Criminal Justice

Week 1: Introduction to Criminal Justice

  • Overview of the criminal justice system
  • History and evolution of criminal justice
  • Key concepts and terminology

Week 2: The Criminal Justice Process

  • Steps in the criminal justice process: investigation, arrest, prosecution, trial, and corrections
  • Role of law enforcement, courts, and corrections
  • Due process and constitutional protections

Week 3: Crime and Criminal Behavior

  • Definitions and types of crime
  • Theories of criminal behavior: biological, psychological, sociological
  • Crime statistics and measurement

Week 4: Law Enforcement

  • Structure and function of police organizations
  • Roles and responsibilities of law enforcement officers
  • Policing strategies and practices
  • Issues in law enforcement: use of force, ethics, community relations

Week 5: The Court System

  • Structure and function of the court system
  • Roles of key courtroom players: judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and juries
  • The trial process: pretrial, trial, and post-trial procedures
  • Sentencing and appeals

Week 6: Corrections

  • Overview of the corrections system: jails, prisons, probation, and parole
  • Rehabilitation vs. punishment
  • Issues in corrections: overcrowding, recidivism, prison conditions
  • Community corrections and alternatives to incarceration

Week 7: Juvenile Justice

  • Differences between juvenile and adult justice systems
  • History and development of the juvenile justice system
  • Processes and procedures in juvenile justice
  • Current issues and reforms in juvenile justice

Week 8: Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice

  • Crime prevention and community policing
  • Cybercrime and technology in criminal justice
  • Racial and ethnic disparities in the criminal justice system
  • Policy reforms and future directions in criminal justice

Week 9: Criminology and Criminal Justice Research

  • Introduction to criminology and its relevance to criminal justice
  • Research methods in criminal justice
  • Use of data and statistics in criminal justice decision-making

Week 10: Ethics and Professionalism in Criminal Justice

  • Ethical dilemmas in criminal justice
  • Professional standards and codes of conduct
  • Accountability and transparency in criminal justice agencies

Suggested Readings and Resources

  • Textbooks:
    • “Introduction to Criminal Justice” by Robert Bohm and Keith Haley
    • “Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction” by Frank Schmalleger
  • Academic Journals:
    • Journal of Criminal Justice
    • Criminology & Public Policy
  • Online Resources:
    • National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
    • Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)

Assessments and Assignments

  • Quizzes and Exams: Regular quizzes and a final exam to test understanding of key concepts.
  • Research Papers: A research paper on a relevant topic within criminal justice.
  • Case Studies: Analysis of real-life cases to apply theoretical knowledge.
  • Class Discussions: Participation in discussions on contemporary issues and ethical dilemmas.

Learning Outcomes:  By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Understand the structure and function of the criminal justice system.
  • Analyze various theories of criminal behavior.
  • Evaluate the roles and responsibilities of criminal justice professionals.
  • Critically assess contemporary issues and challenges in the field.
  • Conduct research and apply criminological theories to real-world scenarios.

This outline provides a comprehensive overview of what a Foundations of Criminal Justice course might cover. The specific details can vary depending on the institution and instructor.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

  • In this subject, you will learn the terminology and the conceptual foundations for the study of various branches of law. You will also acquire theoretical and historical knowledge of law that will give you the right perspective to analyse various legal solutions to common problems.
  • This course will provide you with an outline of seminal as well as current paradigms in peace studies. The main themes will touch upon issues such as governance of insecurities, peace-making and peace-building, before going on to look at local critiques of foreign peace-building and state-building and alternative perspectives on post-war reconstruction.

    During this course we will focus on Somali Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, will use knowledge and skills developed within years 1 and 2 of the Programme and apply those to new issues and emergent debates. This course will specifically equips students with detailed knowledge of current approaches to and understandings of peace and state-building and of governance in post-war societies.

    The course also uses subject-specific knowledge to develop and enhance critical analytical skills and original thinking.

  • Academic writing can be very different from other types of written English. This course has been developed to help you learn the basics of academic writing and develop your English language skills.

    You’ll develop some proficiency in key areas of ‘academic’ grammar, learn about the stages in essay writing, and produce an essay of your own. You’ll also explore how to organise an essay, write in an academic style, and use tools to evaluate your own writing and other learners’ writing, so that by the end of the course you’re able to write a good, basic academic essay.

In this subject, you will study one of the oldest and most essential vehicles of law, the one that regulates and organises the exchange of goods and services: contracts and obligations. This is an essential starting point for the consolidation of other areas of civil law and for tackling other legal disciplines (commercial law, financial law, etc.).

This course focuses on the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia such as human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law, justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature, executive and an independent judiciary, in order to ensure accountability.

A course on the Criminal Justice System typically provides an overview of the institutions, processes, and legal principles involved in the enforcement of laws, adjudication of criminal offenses, and correctional measures. Here’s an outline for a Criminal Justice System course, including key topics and concepts that might be covered:

Course Outline: Criminal Justice System

Week 1: Introduction to Criminal Justice

  • Definition and purpose of the criminal justice system
  • Historical development of the criminal justice system
  • Overview of the three main components: law enforcement, courts, and corrections

Week 2: Crime and Criminal Law

  • Definition and types of crime
  • Sources and purposes of criminal law
  • Elements of a crime (actus reus, mens rea)
  • Classification of crimes (felonies, misdemeanors, infractions)

Week 3: Law Enforcement

  • Role and responsibilities of law enforcement agencies
  • Structure of police organizations
  • Policing strategies and tactics
  • Community policing and public relations

Week 4: The Court System

  • Structure and function of the court system
  • Federal vs. state courts
  • Roles of courtroom participants (judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, juries)
  • The criminal trial process (pre-trial, trial, post-trial)

Week 5: Criminal Procedure

  • Constitutional rights of the accused (4th, 5th, 6th, and 14th Amendments)
  • Search and seizure, arrest procedures
  • Miranda rights and police interrogation
  • The role of evidence and standards of proof

Week 6: The Role of the Prosecution and Defense

  • Functions and duties of prosecutors
  • Functions and duties of defense attorneys
  • Plea bargaining and its impact on the justice system
  • Ethical issues and professional conduct

Week 7: Sentencing and Punishment

  • Goals of sentencing (retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation)
  • Types of sentences (incarceration, probation, fines, community service)
  • Sentencing guidelines and mandatory minimums
  • The death penalty and its controversies

Week 8: Corrections

  • Overview of the correctional system (jails, prisons, probation, parole)
  • The role of correctional officers
  • Rehabilitation and reentry programs
  • Issues in corrections (overcrowding, prison violence, recidivism)

Week 9: Juvenile Justice System

  • Differences between the juvenile and adult justice systems
  • Juvenile courts and procedures
  • Rehabilitation vs. punishment for juvenile offenders
  • Current issues in juvenile justice

Week 10: Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice

  • Racial disparities and discrimination in the criminal justice system
  • The impact of technology on crime and law enforcement
  • Trends in criminal justice reform
  • The future of the criminal justice system

Week 11: Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

  • Overview of criminal justice systems in different countries
  • Comparative analysis of law enforcement, court procedures, and corrections
  • Lessons from international criminal justice practices

Week 12: Review and Case Studies

  • Review of key concepts and topics
  • Analysis of landmark cases in criminal justice
  • Discussion and presentation of case studies
  • Final exam preparation

Suggested Readings and Resources

  • Textbooks on criminal justice and criminology
  • Articles and research papers on current issues in criminal justice
  • Documentaries and films depicting various aspects of the criminal justice system
  • Guest lectures from criminal justice professionals

Assessment Methods:

  • Quizzes and exams to test knowledge of key concepts
  • Research papers on specific topics within the criminal justice system
  • Class participation and discussion
  • Case study analyses and presentations

This outline provides a comprehensive overview of the Criminal Justice System course, encompassing theoretical foundations, practical applications, and contemporary issues in the field.

This course will cover foundational theories of ethics, their application within the criminal justice system, and contemporary ethical dilemmas faced by criminal justice professionals.

Course Outline: Ethics in Criminal Justice

Week 1: Introduction to Ethics in Criminal Justice

  • Lecture: Overview of Ethics and Morality
    • Definition and importance of ethics
    • Differences between ethics, morality, and law
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 1: Introduction to Ethics
    • Article: “The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice”
  • Discussion: Personal Ethics vs. Professional Ethics

Week 2: Ethical Theories and Principles

  • Lecture: Major Ethical Theories
    • Utilitarianism
    • Deontology
    • Virtue Ethics
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 2: Ethical Theories and Their Application
  • Case Study Analysis: Applying ethical theories to criminal justice scenarios

Week 3: Ethics in Law Enforcement

  • Lecture: Ethics in Policing
    • Police discretion
    • Use of force
    • Racial profiling
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 3: Ethics in Law Enforcement
    • Article: “Police Ethics and Accountability”
  • Guest Speaker: Law enforcement officer discussing real-world ethical challenges
  • Discussion: Body cameras and accountability

Week 4: Ethics in the Court System

  • Lecture: Judicial Ethics
    • Fairness and impartiality
    • Attorney-client privilege
    • Prosecutorial misconduct
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 4: Ethics in the Court System
    • Case Law Review: Landmark cases on judicial ethics
  • Role-Play Exercise: Simulating courtroom ethical dilemmas

Week 5: Ethics in Corrections

  • Lecture: Ethical Issues in Corrections
    • Treatment of inmates
    • Rehabilitation vs. punishment
    • Solitary confinement
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 5: Ethics in Corrections
    • Article: “Ethical Dilemmas in Prison Management”
  • Panel Discussion: Perspectives from correctional officers and former inmates

Week 6: Professional Ethics and Accountability

  • Lecture: Professional Codes of Ethics
    • Codes of conduct for police, lawyers, and corrections officers
    • Whistleblowing and accountability
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 6: Professional Codes of Ethics
  • Assignment: Write a reflection paper on a recent ethical scandal in the criminal justice system

Week 7: Technology and Ethics in Criminal Justice

  • Lecture: Ethical Implications of Technology
    • Surveillance and privacy
    • Cybercrime and digital forensics
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 7: Technology and Ethics
    • Article: “Ethical Challenges of Emerging Technologies in Criminal Justice”
  • Debate: Balancing security and privacy in the age of digital surveillance

Week 8: Special Topics in Criminal Justice Ethics

  • Lecture: Ethics in Juvenile Justice
    • Treatment of juvenile offenders
    • Rehabilitation programs
  • Lecture: Ethics in Drug Policy and Enforcement
    • War on Drugs
    • Harm reduction strategies
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 8: Special Topics in Criminal Justice Ethics
  • Group Project: Develop an ethical policy proposal for a specific area in criminal justice

Week 9: Contemporary Ethical Dilemmas

  • Lecture: Current Issues in Criminal Justice Ethics
    • Immigration enforcement
    • Human trafficking
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 9: Contemporary Ethical Dilemmas
    • Article: “Ethical Considerations in Modern Criminal Justice”
  • Discussion: Ethical responses to contemporary issues

Week 10: Future Directions and Course Review

  • Lecture: The Future of Ethics in Criminal Justice
    • Emerging trends and challenges
  • Readings:
    • Chapter 10: Future Directions in Criminal Justice Ethics
  • Final Exam Review:
    • Review key concepts and theories
    • Discuss final exam format and expectations

Final Exam: Comprehensive Assessment

  • Format: Combination of multiple-choice, short answer, and essay questions
  • Content: Covering all course materials and discussions

Additional Resources:

  • Books:
    • “Ethics in Criminal Justice: In Search of the Truth” by Sam S. Souryal
    • “Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and Practice” by Cyndi Banks
  • Journals:
    • Journal of Criminal Justice Ethics
    • Criminal Justice Ethics Journal

Assessment Methods:

  • Participation in discussions and debates
  • Weekly quizzes on readings and lectures
  • Reflection papers and case study analyses
  • Group project presentation
  • Comprehensive final exam

This outline should provide a comprehensive framework for a course on ethics in criminal justice, balancing theoretical foundations with practical applications and current issues.

This subject provides an introduction to the main characteristics of the laws that govern the relationships between the main stakeholders in international society (public international law). We will cover topics such as the use of force, the law of the sea, aviation law, environmental law, etc.

The aim of this subject is to collectively cultivate social awareness in the practice of our profession. You will have the opportunity to apply your skills and competencies as a student of law by taking part in social work projects with special groups such as elderly people, at-risk youth and immigrants, as well as cases having to do with environmental problems.

Year 3

In this subject, you will gain a basic understanding of the main international organisations created since the birth of this new subject – public international law – in the 19th century: the United Nations (UN), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), etc.

The Corrections and Penology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the correctional system and the field of penology. The course focuses on the theories, practices, and challenges related to the management and rehabilitation of offenders. Here’s an overview of what the course might cover:

Course Description

This course explores the correctional system and the field of penology, focusing on the management, treatment, and rehabilitation of offenders. Students will examine the history, philosophy, and evolution of correctional practices, as well as contemporary issues and challenges in the field.

Learning Objectives: By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand the historical development of the correctional system.
  2. Analyze the philosophical foundations of punishment and rehabilitation.
  3. Evaluate different types of correctional facilities and their functions.
  4. Assess the effectiveness of various correctional programs and practices.
  5. Discuss contemporary issues in corrections, including overcrowding, recidivism, and restorative justice.

Course Outline

  1. Introduction to Corrections and Penology

    • History and evolution of the correctional system
    • Philosophical underpinnings of punishment and rehabilitation

2. Correctional Institutions and Management

    • Types of correctional facilities (jails, prisons, detention centers)
    • Administrative practices and institutional management

3. Correctional Practices and Programs

    • Inmate classification and assessment
    • Rehabilitation programs (educational, vocational, therapeutic)

4. Community Corrections

    • Probation and parole
    • Community-based alternatives to incarceration

5. Contemporary Issues in Corrections

    • Overcrowding and prison population management
    • Mental health and substance abuse in corrections
    • Recidivism and reentry challenges
    • Restorative justice and alternative sentencing

6. Ethics and Professionalism in Corrections

    • Ethical dilemmas and decision-making
    • Professional standards and conduct

Assessment Methods

  • Examinations: Midterm and final exams to evaluate understanding of key concepts.
  • Research Paper: A comprehensive paper on a relevant topic in corrections and penology.
  • Class Participation: Active engagement in class discussions and activities.
  • Case Studies: Analysis of real-world correctional cases and issues.

Recommended Textbooks and Resources

  • Primary Text: “Corrections: An Introduction” by Richard P. Seiter
  • Supplementary Readings: Articles and case studies provided by the instructor

Additional Information

  • Prerequisites: Introduction to Criminal Justice (CRJ-101) or equivalent
  • Class Schedule: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 10:00 AM – 11:30 AM
  • Location: Building B, Room 204

This course is essential for students pursuing careers in criminal justice, particularly those interested in working within the correctional system or related fields.

Criminal Law and Procedure is a foundational course in legal education that covers the principles, rules, and practices governing the prosecution and defense of criminal cases. Here’s a brief overview of what you might typically learn in such a course:

Criminal Law:

  1. Elements of a Crime: Understanding what constitutes a crime, including actus reus (the guilty act) and mens rea (the guilty mind).
  2. Classification of Crimes: Differentiating between felonies, misdemeanors, and other categories of offenses.
  3. Defenses: Exploring various defenses such as self-defense, insanity, intoxication, etc.
  4. Parties to Crimes: Understanding the roles of principals, accomplices, and accessories.
  5. Inchoate Offenses: Studying attempts, solicitation, and conspiracy.

Criminal Procedure:

  1. Investigation Phase: Examining the Fourth Amendment issues like search and seizure, arrest, and probable cause.
  2. Pretrial Procedures: Bail, arraignment, pleas (guilty, not guilty, nolo contendere), and pretrial motions.
  3. Trial Phase: Jury selection, trial procedures, burden of proof, and rules of evidence.
  4. Sentencing: Factors influencing sentencing, sentencing guidelines, and alternatives to incarceration.
  5. Appeals and Post-Conviction Remedies: Overview of appellate review, habeas corpus, and other post-conviction relief mechanisms.

Constitutional Rights:

  1. Miranda Rights: Understanding the rights of the accused during police interrogation.
  2. Right to Counsel: Exploring the Sixth Amendment right to legal representation.
  3. Double Jeopardy: Protection against being tried twice for the same offense.
  4. Due Process: Ensuring fairness in criminal proceedings as guaranteed by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments.

Emerging Issues:

  1. Technology and Crime: Impact of digital evidence, cybercrimes, and surveillance technologies.
  2. Criminal Law Reform: Discussions on current debates such as sentencing reform, decriminalization of certain offenses, and racial disparities in the criminal justice system.

Throughout the course, you would typically analyze case law, statutes, and hypothetical scenarios to understand how these principles are applied in practice. It’s a dynamic field of study that blends legal theory with practical application, preparing students for careers in criminal law, prosecution, defense, and judiciary roles.

A course on Cybercrime and Digital Forensics typically covers a range of topics designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of cybercrime, methods to investigate it, and techniques used in digital forensics. Below is a detailed outline that could serve as a guide for such a course:

Course Outline: Cybercrime and Digital Forensics

1. Introduction to Cybercrime

  • Definition and Types of Cybercrime
    • Hacking
    • Phishing
    • Identity Theft
    • Online Fraud
    • Cyber Terrorism
  • History and Evolution of Cybercrime
  • Motivations Behind Cybercrime
  • Case Studies of Notable Cybercrimes

2. Legal and Ethical Issues

  • Cyber Laws and Regulations (International, National)
  • Legal Framework for Digital Evidence
  • Ethical Considerations in Cybercrime Investigation
  • Privacy Issues and Data Protection

3. Fundamentals of Digital Forensics

  • Definition and Scope of Digital Forensics
  • Digital Evidence: Types and Sources
  • Principles of Digital Forensics
  • The Forensics Process: Identification, Preservation, Analysis, Documentation, Presentation

4. Forensic Tools and Techniques

  • Software and Hardware Tools for Digital Forensics
    • EnCase
    • FTK (Forensic Toolkit)
    • Autopsy/Sleuth Kit
  • Techniques for Data Recovery
  • Forensic Imaging and Cloning
  • Hashing for Integrity Verification

5. Network Forensics

  • Fundamentals of Network Forensics
  • Tools and Techniques for Network Traffic Analysis
  • Intrusion Detection and Incident Response
  • Case Studies of Network Forensics Investigations

6. Mobile Device Forensics

  • Challenges in Mobile Forensics
  • Techniques and Tools for Mobile Forensics
  • Analyzing Data from Smartphones and Tablets
  • Case Studies of Mobile Forensics

7. Cloud Forensics

  • Understanding Cloud Computing and Cloud Services
  • Challenges in Cloud Forensics
  • Forensic Acquisition from Cloud Environments
  • Case Studies of Cloud Forensics

8. Malware Forensics

  • Types of Malware (Viruses, Worms, Trojans, Ransomware)
  • Techniques for Malware Analysis
  • Tools for Detecting and Analyzing Malware
  • Case Studies of Malware Investigations

9. Cybercrime Investigation Techniques

  • Investigative Process: Planning, Execution, Reporting
  • Digital Evidence Collection and Preservation
  • Analysis and Correlation of Digital Evidence
  • Reporting and Presenting Forensic Findings

10. Emerging Trends and Future Directions

  • Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs)
  • IoT (Internet of Things) Forensics
  • Artificial Intelligence in Cybercrime and Forensics
  • Future Challenges and Opportunities in Cyber Forensics

11. Practical Labs and Hands-On Projects

  • Simulated Cybercrime Scenarios
  • Hands-on Forensic Analysis Projects
  • Use of Forensic Tools in Real-World Scenarios
  • Group Projects and Presentations

Recommended Textbooks and Resources

  • Books:
    • “Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime” by Joshua I. James and Frank Breitinger
    • “Guide to Computer Forensics and Investigations” by Bill Nelson, Amelia Phillips, and Christopher Steuart
    • “Cybercrime and Digital Forensics: An Introduction” by Thomas J. Holt, Adam M. Bossler, and Kathryn C. Seigfried-Spellar
  • Online Resources:
    • SANS Institute (
    • The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) guidelines

Assessment Methods

  • Written Exams
  • Practical Exams (Lab-based)
  • Research Papers
  • Group Projects
  • Case Study Analyses

This course outline provides a structured approach to understanding the various facets of cybercrime and digital forensics, blending theoretical knowledge with practical skills essential for the field.

In this subject, you will gain a deeper understanding of administrative law, with a focus on public administration. We will study the activities of public administrations and their main constituent entities, which are endowed with certain powers that give them a position of superiority with regard to citizens, so that they can effectively serve the general interest.

  • The Arab-Israeli conflict stands as one of the most enduring and, some claim, most intractable political issues in the modern Middle East, if not the whole world. This course offers a detailed examination of this ongoing conflict from its beginnings in the First World War until the present day. It explores the growth of the Zionist movement, the emergence of Palestinian nationalism, the impact of the critical years of 1948 and 1967 that saw the birth and consolidation of the state of Israel and the continuing dispossession of the Palestinians, and the ongoing attempts of forging a political solution since that time. The course is broadly chronological in shape, but uses primary and secondary sources to explore a range of issues including Israeli state and society, European and American intervention in the Middle East, terrorism and war, religion, and efforts to bring peace.
  • This Communication Skills course  focuses on enhancing various aspects of communication that are essential in both personal and professional contexts. Here are some key topics this course often covers:

    1. Verbal Communication: Improving clarity, coherence, and effectiveness in spoken communication. This includes techniques for structuring messages, using appropriate language, and conveying ideas clearly.

    2. Non-Verbal Communication: Understanding body language, facial expressions, gestures, and posture to enhance communication and convey messages more effectively.

    3. Interpersonal Skills: Developing skills for effective listening, empathy, assertiveness, and conflict resolution. This involves understanding different communication styles and adapting your approach accordingly.

    4. Public Speaking: Techniques for preparing and delivering presentations confidently and persuasively. This may include managing anxiety, structuring presentations, using visual aids, and engaging with an audience.

    5. Writing Skills: Basic principles of writing for different purposes and audiences. This could include email etiquette, formal business correspondence, and concise writing techniques.

    6. Communication in Specific Contexts: Tailoring communication skills to various contexts such as academic settings, professional environments, team collaborations, and interpersonal relationships.

    7. Digital Communication: Understanding the nuances of communication through digital platforms, including email etiquette, online meetings, and social media communication.

    8. Cultural Sensitivity: Developing awareness and skills to communicate effectively across cultural differences, including recognizing cultural norms, values, and communication styles.

    9. Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving: Applying communication skills to analyze information, evaluate arguments, and collaborate effectively to solve problems.

    10. Ethics and Professionalism: Understanding ethical considerations in communication, maintaining professionalism, and building trust through communication.

    Communication skills course often combine theoretical knowledge with practical exercises, role-plays, and feedback sessions to help participants apply and improve their communication abilities. The course may vary in focus and depth, so it’s beneficial to review the course outline or syllabus to ensure it aligns with your learning objectives.

From a theoretical and practical perspective, this subject will provide an introduction to the reality of diplomatic and consular relations, ad hoc diplomacy, relations with other subjects of international law, and agents and officials of international organisations.

A Comparative Criminal Justice Systems course typically examines the structures, processes, and practices of criminal justice systems across different countries or regions. Here’s an overview of what such a course might cover:

  1. Introduction to Comparative Criminal Justice: Understanding the goals and methods of comparative analysis in criminal justice. Exploring different approaches to studying and comparing criminal justice systems.

  2. Historical Perspectives: Examining the historical development and evolution of criminal justice systems in various countries. Understanding how historical context shapes current practices.

  3. Legal Systems: Contrasting different legal traditions (common law, civil law, Islamic law, etc.) and their impact on criminal justice systems.

  4. Law Enforcement: Comparing law enforcement agencies, their roles, powers, and accountability mechanisms in different countries. Studying policing strategies and practices.

  5. Courts and Legal Processes: Analyzing court systems, judicial procedures, trial processes, and the role of judges in different jurisdictions. Comparing adversarial vs. inquisitorial systems.

  6. Corrections and Punishment: Exploring approaches to corrections, rehabilitation programs, and sentencing practices. Studying the use of imprisonment, probation, and alternative sanctions.

  7. Emerging Issues: Addressing contemporary issues in global criminal justice, such as transnational crime, terrorism, human rights, and the influence of globalization on justice systems.

  8. Case Studies: Examining specific case studies or comparative analyses of criminal justice responses to particular crimes or incidents across different countries.

  9. Cultural and Social Factors: Understanding how cultural norms, societal values, and socio-economic conditions influence criminal justice policies and practices.

  10. Reforms and Innovations: Reviewing efforts for reform and innovation in criminal justice systems globally. Assessing successful reforms and challenges in implementing change.

  11. Research and Methodology: Introducing research methods used in comparative criminal justice studies. Analyzing data sources, comparative frameworks, and methodological challenges.

  12. Future Trends: Considering future trends in global criminal justice, including technological advancements, international cooperation, and the impact of demographic shifts.

Such a course typically encourages critical thinking, comparative analysis skills, and a nuanced understanding of the complexities involved in criminal justice systems around the world.

The Criminological Theory course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with an in-depth understanding of the various theories that explain criminal behavior and the functioning of the criminal justice system. The course covers classical, biological, psychological, and sociological perspectives on crime, and examines how these theories have evolved over time.

Course Objectives

  • Understanding Theories: Gain a comprehensive understanding of major criminological theories.
  • Critical Analysis: Develop the ability to critically analyze and compare different theoretical approaches.
  • Application: Learn to apply theoretical perspectives to real-world criminal justice issues.
  • Research Skills: Enhance skills in criminological research and theory application.

Course Outline

  1. Introduction to Criminology
    • Definition and scope of criminology
    • Historical development of criminological theories

2. Classical Criminology

    • Foundations of classical theory
    • Key figures: Cesare Beccaria, Jeremy Bentham
    • Rational choice theory

3. Biological Theories

    • Early biological theories: Lombroso’s atavism
    • Modern biological perspectives: genetics, neurocriminology

4. Psychological Theories

    • Psychoanalytic theory: Freud
    • Behavioral theories: Skinner, Bandura
    • Cognitive theories

5. Sociological Theories

    • Social structure theories: Merton’s strain theory
    • Social process theories: Sutherland’s differential association
    • Social control theories: Hirschi’s social bond theory

6. Critical and Radical Theories

    • Marxist criminology
    • Feminist criminology
    • Critical race theory

7. Contemporary Theories

    • Integrated theories
    • Developmental and life-course criminology

8. Application of Theories

    • Case studies and practical applications
    • Policy implications and reform

Learning Methods

  • Lectures: Core content delivery by experienced faculty.
  • Seminars: In-depth discussion sessions on specific theories.
  • Case Studies: Real-world applications of theoretical perspectives.
  • Research Projects: Independent or group research projects on relevant criminological topics.
  • Examinations and Essays: Assessing understanding and critical thinking.


  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Research Project: 30%
  • Final Exam: 30%
  • Participation and Attendance: 10%
  • Essays and Assignments: 10%

Recommended Reading

  • Siegel, L. J. (2019). Criminology: Theories, Patterns, and Typologies.
  • Cullen, F. T., & Agnew, R. (2018). Criminological Theory: Past to Present.
  • Akers, R. L., & Sellers, C. S. (2013). Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application.

Contact Information

  • Department Office: Department of Social Science and Humanities, Ramaas University
  • Email:
  • Phone: (+252) 61062-4444

For more detailed information or specific inquiries about the course, students are encouraged to visit the department or contact the course faculty directly.

  • Choosing between a work placement and a study option course depends on several factors, including your career goals, learning style, industry standards, and personal preferences. You’ll have the option to study or do a work placement. Not only will this give you an amazing experience to talk about but will also give your CV a boost.

     This offers you the opportunity to enhance your study and CV with a work placement. It’s a chance to explore career possibilities, make valuable contacts and gain sought after professional skills.

    – This is an important component of Ramaas University degrees, work placements help you to build academic expertise as well as to gain real-world experience. You’ll receive credit for your efforts, and you’ll learn the extra transferable skills needed to excel in your chosen career. You’ll also develop your ability to deal with pressure and hit crucial deadlines. All of which will make you stand out against the competition and impress employers when you graduate.

    – Ultimately, the decision between a work placement and a study option course should be based on your individual career objectives, learning preferences, and the specific opportunities available in your field. If possible, seek advice, other professionals, academic advisors to make an informed decision.

Year 4

This course in the Academic English: Writing specialization, and it is a more advanced writing course. It will help you raise the level of your writing and make you more aware of the type of writing you can expect in college. You’ll learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it using correct MLA citations. Also, you’ll learn to write a synthesis essay, which will help develop your critical thinking skills. Finally, you’ll write a documented essay, which will help further enhance your skill of using outside sources in your writing.

  • Advanced Argument Essays

In the previous class, you learned about writing argument essays. Here you’re going to learn how to make your essays more academic by writing more body paragraphs and adding support from outside sources. You will write a new argument essay, and since you already know how to write an argument, this will be a good way to practice using sources.

  • Avoiding Plagiarism

The topic of this module is very important for you to know about before you start taking college classes. Plagiarism is a kind of academic dishonesty that gets students into big trouble or even gets them dismissed from school. In this module, you will learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

  • Synthesis Essay

In classes, you will often be asked to read several articles and write an essay about an idea you form from reading the articles. This kind of essay is called a synthesis essay. In this module, you will be given two lists of articles to choose from. You will need to read the articles on your list and then write a synthesis essay. You will use sources from the articles to support your own ideas.

  • Documented Essay

In this course, you will start using the Internet to find your own outside sources to support your ideas. You will also try to write a longer essay than you have before. This module will give your more practice using quotes and paraphrase in your essay, and you will learn to use a Works Cited page to list your sources.

A course on Juvenile Justice typically covers the legal, social, and psychological aspects of how the justice system handles juvenile offenders. Here’s a comprehensive outline for a Juvenile Justice course:

Course Title: Juvenile Justice: Systems, Processes, and Reforms

Course Description: This course explores the juvenile justice system, focusing on its development, structure, and functioning. It examines the causes of juvenile delinquency, the legal procedures involved, and the effectiveness of various interventions and rehabilitative efforts. The course will also address contemporary issues and debates within the field, including the impact of race, gender, and socio-economic status on juvenile justice outcomes.

Course Objectives:

  • Understand the historical evolution of the juvenile justice system.
  • Analyze the causes and correlates of juvenile delinquency.
  • Examine the procedures and processes of the juvenile justice system.
  • Evaluate various intervention and rehabilitation strategies.
  • Discuss contemporary issues and challenges in juvenile justice.
  • Analyze case studies to apply theoretical knowledge to practical scenarios.

Week-by-Week Outline:

Week 1: Introduction to Juvenile Justice

  • Overview of the juvenile justice system
  • History and evolution of juvenile justice
  • Key terminology and concepts

Week 2: Theories of Juvenile Delinquency

  • Biological, psychological, and sociological theories
  • Risk factors and protective factors
  • Case studies illustrating different theories

Week 3: Legal Foundations and Frameworks

  • Juvenile vs. adult justice systems
  • Key legislation (e.g., Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act)
  • Rights of juveniles in the justice system

Week 4: Juvenile Court Processes

  • Intake and detention procedures
  • Adjudication and disposition hearings
  • Role of the juvenile court judge

Week 5: Law Enforcement and Juveniles

  • Police interactions with juveniles
  • Arrest procedures and juvenile rights
  • Role of school resource officers

Week 6: Diversion and Alternative Programs

  • Diversion programs and their effectiveness
  • Restorative justice approaches
  • Community-based alternatives to incarceration

Week 7: Juvenile Corrections

  • Juvenile detention centers and correctional facilities
  • Treatment programs and rehabilitation efforts
  • Reentry and aftercare programs

Week 8: Special Populations in Juvenile Justice

  • Gender-specific issues
  • Racial and ethnic disparities
  • Juveniles with mental health issues

Week 9: Contemporary Issues and Reforms

  • Trends in juvenile crime and justice policy
  • The debate over trying juveniles as adults
  • Reforms and innovations in juvenile justice

Week 10: Case Studies and Practical Applications

  • Analysis of real-life juvenile cases
  • Application of theories and concepts learned
  • Group presentations and discussions

Week 11: Research Methods in Juvenile Justice

  • Overview of research methods used in juvenile justice studies
  • Data collection and analysis techniques
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of juvenile justice programs

Week 12: Final Project Presentations

  • Students present their final projects on selected juvenile justice topics
  • Peer feedback and discussion
  • Course wrap-up and reflections

Assessment Methods:

  • Participation and class discussions (20%)
  • Weekly quizzes (20%)
  • Midterm exam (20%)
  • Final project and presentation (30%)
  • Case study analysis (10%)

Recommended Reading:

  • “Juvenile Justice: A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice” by Steven M. Cox, Jennifer M. Allen, and Robert D. Hanser
  • “The Juvenile Justice System: Delinquency, Processing, and the Law” by Alida V. Merlo, Peter J. Benekos, and Dean J. Champion
  • Various academic journal articles and case studies provided throughout the course

Additional Resources:

  • Guest lectures from practitioners in the field
  • Visits to juvenile detention centers or courtrooms
  • Documentaries and films related to juvenile justice issues

This outline provides a thorough foundation for understanding the juvenile justice system, exploring its complexities, and engaging with contemporary debates and reforms.

A “Research Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice” course typically covers a variety of topics aimed at equipping students with the skills needed to conduct and evaluate research in the field of criminology and criminal justice. Below is an overview of the key components and topics that such a course might include:

Course Overview

The course introduces students to the principles and techniques of research design, data collection, and data analysis within the context of criminology and criminal justice. Emphasis is placed on both qualitative and quantitative research methods.

Key Topics

  1. Introduction to Research Methods

    • Purpose and importance of research in criminology and criminal justice
    • Overview of the scientific method
    • Ethical considerations in criminal justice research

2. Research Design

    • Formulating research questions and hypotheses
    • Types of research designs (experimental, quasi-experimental, non-experimental)
    • Longitudinal vs. cross-sectional studies
    • Case studies and comparative research

3. Quantitative Research Methods

    • Survey research: design, sampling, and administration
    • Experimental and quasi-experimental designs
    • Use of existing data: secondary data analysis
    • Data collection techniques: questionnaires, structured interviews
    • Measurement and scaling: reliability and validity

4. Qualitative Research Methods

    • Field research and participant observation
    • In-depth interviews and focus groups
    • Content analysis
    • Ethnography
    • Case study research

5. Data Analysis

    • Introduction to statistics for criminology and criminal justice
    • Descriptive statistics: measures of central tendency and variability
    • Inferential statistics: hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and p-values
    • Correlation and regression analysis
    • Qualitative data analysis techniques: coding and thematic analysis

6. Technology in Research

    • Use of software for data analysis (e.g., SPSS, NVivo, R)
    • Online surveys and digital data collection methods
    • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in criminology research

7. Writing and Presenting Research

    • Structuring a research report or thesis
    • Writing literature reviews
    • Presenting research findings: posters, presentations, and publications
    • Critical appraisal of research articles

8. Special Topics in Criminological Research

    • Evaluation research and program assessment
    • Crime mapping and spatial analysis
    • Policy research and implications for practice
    • Emerging trends and issues in criminological research

Learning Objectives

  • Understand the fundamentals of research design and methodology.
  • Develop skills to critically evaluate existing research.
  • Gain proficiency in quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis techniques.
  • Learn to effectively communicate research findings to diverse audiences.

Assessment Methods

  • Quizzes and exams to test theoretical knowledge.
  • Research proposals and projects to apply research methods.
  • Data analysis assignments using statistical software.
  • Oral presentations and written reports to demonstrate research findings.

Recommended Reading

  • “Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology” by Michael G. Maxfield and Earl R. Babbie
  • “The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice” by Ronet Bachman and Russell K. Schutt
  • “Criminological Research: Understanding Qualitative Methods” by Emma Wincup
  • Relevant peer-reviewed journal articles and case studies

Practical Applications

  • Conducting surveys to understand crime trends in specific populations.
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of criminal justice policies and programs.
  • Analyzing crime data to inform law enforcement strategies.
  • Conducting ethnographic studies to understand the experiences of marginalized groups.

This course is essential for students aspiring to careers in academia, policy analysis, law enforcement, corrections, and other fields within criminology and criminal justice.

Crime Prevention and Community Safety course is designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills needed to address crime and enhance community safety effectively. Here’s an outline of what such a course typically covers:

Course Overview

  1. Introduction to Crime Prevention

    • Definitions and concepts
    • Theories of crime causation
    • Historical perspectives on crime prevention

2. Types of Crime Prevention

    • Primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention
    • Situational crime prevention
    • Social crime prevention
    • Community crime prevention

3. Crime Prevention Strategies

    • Environmental design (CPTED: Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design)
    • Problem-oriented policing
    • Community policing
    • Multi-agency partnerships

4. Risk Assessment and Management

    • Identifying and assessing risks
    • Developing risk management plans
    • Implementing and monitoring risk management strategies

5. Community Safety Planning

    • Engaging the community
    • Developing community safety plans
    • Implementing community safety initiatives

6. Legislation and Policy

    • Understanding relevant laws and policies
    • Impact of legislation on crime prevention
    • Policy development and advocacy

7. Technology in Crime Prevention

    • Role of technology and innovation
    • Surveillance and monitoring systems
    • Data analysis and crime mapping

8. Case Studies and Best Practices

    • Analysis of successful crime prevention programs
    • Lessons learned from various case studies
    • Adaptation of best practices to local contexts

9. Ethics and Human Rights

    • Ethical considerations in crime prevention
    • Balancing security and individual rights
    • Human rights in policing and community safety

Learning Outcomes

  • Understand key theories and concepts related to crime prevention and community safety.
  • Analyze different types of crime prevention methods and their applications.
  • Develop comprehensive crime prevention strategies tailored to specific communities.
  • Assess and manage risks associated with crime and community safety.
  • Engage effectively with community members and stakeholders in safety initiatives.
  • Navigate relevant legislation and policies impacting crime prevention.
  • Utilize technology and data in enhancing crime prevention efforts.
  • Critically evaluate case studies to inform practice and policy development.

Course Format

  • Lectures: Covering theoretical foundations and current research.
  • Seminars and Workshops: Practical sessions focusing on the application of knowledge.
  • Case Study Analysis: In-depth examination of real-world examples.
  • Group Projects: Collaborative work to develop and present crime prevention plans.
  • Guest Speakers: Insights from industry professionals and practitioners.
  • Field Visits: Observational visits to community safety projects and police departments.

Assessment Methods

  • Written assignments and essays
  • Group project reports and presentations
  • Case study analyses
  • Examinations (mid-term and final)
  • Participation in seminars and workshops

Career Prospects

Graduates of the Crime Prevention and Community Safety course can pursue careers in:

  • Law enforcement agencies
  • Community safety organizations
  • Government agencies and policy-making bodies
  • Private security firms
  • Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) focused on crime prevention
  • Academic and research institutions

This course aims to create well-rounded professionals capable of addressing the multifaceted nature of crime and enhancing safety within communities through informed, ethical, and collaborative approaches.

  • This course examines how democratization projects in Somalia and around the world succeed or fail and the international dynamics that flow from that success/failure. International threats that emerge from the problems and flaws of implementation are investigated in depth. Case studies are used as teaching tools about international involvement and difficulties with that engagement. This upper-division course aims to make students competent in the long-term national security objectives of establishing peaceful, stable, and prosperous democracies and aware of the problems in accomplishing that goal.

Victimology is the study of victims of crime, their experiences, and the responses of the criminal justice system and society to their victimization. A course in victimology at Ramaas University might include the following components:

Course Objectives:

  1. To provide an understanding of the key concepts and theories in victimology.
  2. To examine the role and experiences of victims within the criminal justice system.
  3. To explore the impact of crime on victims and the services available to them.
  4. To analyze the policies and practices aimed at supporting victims.

Course Content:

  1. Introduction to Victimology:
    • Definition and scope of victimology
    • History and development of victimology
    • Key concepts: victim, victimization, secondary victimization

2. Theoretical Perspectives:

    • Positivist victimology
    • Radical victimology
    • Critical victimology

3. Types of Victimization:

    • Personal victimization (e.g., violent crime, domestic abuse)
    • Property victimization (e.g., burglary, theft)
    • Secondary victimization (e.g., by the criminal justice system)

4. Impact of Crime on Victims:

    • Physical, emotional, psychological, and financial impacts
    • Long-term effects of victimization

5. Victim Rights and Services:

    • Victims’ rights legislation
    • Support services for victims (e.g., counseling, shelters)
    • Victim compensation programs

6. The Criminal Justice System and Victims:

    • Role of victims in the criminal justice process
    • Victim-witness programs
    • Restorative justice approaches

7. Special Victim Populations:

    • Children as victims
    • Elderly victims
    • Victims of hate crimes
    • Victims of human trafficking

8. Global Perspectives on Victimology:

    • International victimology
    • Comparative victimization studies
    • International responses to victimization

Teaching Methods:

  • Lectures: Weekly lectures covering the core content.
  • Seminars: Interactive sessions to discuss readings and case studies.
  • Guest Speakers: Practitioners and experts in victim services.
  • Field Visits: Visits to victim support organizations.


  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Research Paper: 30%
  • Case Study Analysis: 20%
  • Final Exam: 30%

Recommended Textbooks:

  • Primary Text: “Victimology: The Essentials” by Leah E. Daigle
  • Supplementary Readings:
    • “Victimology: A Comprehensive Approach” by William G. Doerner and Steven P. Lab
    • “The Victimology Handbook: Research Findings, Treatment, and Public Policy” by Emilio Viano

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the key concepts and theories in victimology.
  2. Analyze the various impacts of crime on victims.
  3. Critically evaluate the responses of the criminal justice system and society to victims.
  4. Propose policies and practices to improve support for victims.

Course Schedule:

Week 1-2: Introduction to Victimology

Week 3-4: Theoretical Perspectives

Week 5-6: Types of Victimization

Week 7-8: Impact of Crime on Victims

Week 9-10: Victim Rights and Services

Week 11-12: The Criminal Justice System and Victims

Week 13-14: Special Victim Populations

Week 15: Global Perspectives on Victimology

Week 16: Review and Final Exam

This course aims to provide students with a thorough understanding of victimology, preparing them for careers in criminal justice, social work, and related fields.

  • Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice Dissertation Project is a compulsory final project. It is a research-based project of 10,000 words. This module provides you with the opportunity to choose a research topic that you are especially interested in and work on your own initiative. It allows you the freedom of independent study under the guidance of your supervisor, to undertake research on a specific topic, and to enhance your ability to master appropriate primary and secondary materials. This is your chance to develop a range of valuable skills different from those you have already gained from your undergraduate degree such as researching, planning, writing well, thinking analytically, synthesizing complicated information, and organizing your time. It can also play an important role in showing a potential employer that you are able to work independently, plan a bigger project, collect information, and find the answer to any specific problem.

Entry Requirements:

Document Requirements:

  • You will be required to submit the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this bachelor’s degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current secondary school, then you can still apply and you can provide your High School Certificate at a later date.

Your Secondary’s or University Certificate and Transcript:

  • Upload your secondary school’s certificate or university’s certificate and a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your high school (s) (original) or university if you are planning to earn double bachelor degree.

Personal Statement:

  • A photo passport and a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular bachelor’s degree programme.

You can apply and upload documents here

Study information

start:15 September – Campus
10 October – Online studies
10 January – Online studies
15 February – Campus


Place of Study:

Mogadishu Campus or Online Studies

Application fee: $35

Semester fee: $300

Application Deadline:Continuous recording. Applications are processed in the order in which they are received.
Duration:4 years full-time (campus and online studies)
5 years part-time (online studies only)
Degree::Bachelor Degree (Professional Degree)

Programme Instructors

Abdijabaar Sh. Ahmed, PhD Candidate

Programme leader and Instructor

Foad Warsame Abdi

Co-programme Leader and Instructor

Dr. Maryama Hassan

Subject Instructor

Abdihakim Abdisalam

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Shirac

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Idle, PhD

Subject Instructor

Wafa W. Ahmed

Course Advisor and Graduation Policy.

Dr. Abdullahi Sh. Mubarak Rashid

Co-program Leader and Instructor

Rooda Mohamed

Subject Instructor

Samina Khan, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hawa Osman, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hassan Garaad

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 17 1010

Kafiya Abdillahi

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 62 4444

Are you ready to take the next step towards your brighter future?

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