Bachelor of Environmental Science

Bachelor of Environmental Science

A Bachelor of Environmental Science (BES) is an undergraduate degree programme at Ramaas University focused on understanding and addressing environmental issues. This BES degree programme typically integrates various disciplines such as biology, chemistry, geology, and social sciences to provide a comprehensive understanding of environmental systems and how human activities impact these systems.

This comprehensive degree at RU covers topics such as ecology, environmental chemistry, resource management, and possibly even fieldwork or research opportunities.

Our four-year undergraduate degree programme that prepares students acquire theoretical and experiential knowledge for addressing climate concerns. This programme covers various sciences such as ecology, meteorology, geology, biology, physics and chemistry. By gaining an extensive understanding of these scientific disciplines, graduates can research ways to sustain a healthy environment for years to come and protect people from environmental hazards.

Bachelor of Environmental Science Educational Curriculum

To obtain Bachelor of Environmental Science​ Degree, students are required to complete 180 credits. Courses may be taken on a full-time, part-time basis or online studies. 

Foundation Year (Sanadka Aasaasiga)

Anagoo raacayso qorshaha Wasaaradda Waxbarashada, Hiddaha Iyo Tacliinta Sare Soomaaliya ee sanadka aas-aasaiga ah ee arday kasta laga doonaayo inuu qaato sanadka ugu horreeya ee jaamacadda, ayaa waxay Jaamacadda Ramaas kusoo dartay koorsada Luuqada Afka Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta. Ujeedka ay Jaamacadda ka leedahay ayaa ah in hab-qoraalka toolmoon ee afka Soomaaliga si fiican ardayga loo barro. Qoritaanka Af Soomaaligu waa uu ka duwan yahay dhihitaanka afka, ama waxa aynnu odhan karnaa hadalka caadiga ah iyo dhigaalku waa ay kala geddisan yihiin. Waana muhiim in ardayda si toosan afka Soomaaliga dhigaalkiisa saxda ah loo barro.

  • Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsada: Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsadan waa kuwa aqoon-duruqsan u leh qaab qoraalka afka Soomaaliya. Waxay bixin doonaan dulmar guud oo ku saabsan fikradaha iyo xirfadaha muhiimka ah ee qaab qoraalka toolmoon.
  • Cilmiga astaamaha qoraalka: Qoraaga aan waxba ka aqoon cilmiga astaamaynta qoraalka, ama astaan kasta aan dhigi karin booskeeda saxda ah, waxa uu la mid yahay askari aan wax ba ka aqoon cilmiga rididda qoriga, oo xabbad kasta aan ku dili karin qofkeeda cadowga ah.
  • Maxaad ku barran doontaa koorsadaan? waxaad ku barran doontaa sida saxda ah ee astaamaynta qoraalku, qeexid ahaan, calaamado kala muuqaal ah, kuwa loo adeegsado qoraalka, ujeedka ayaa ah in qoraalku si wacan loo akhrin karo erayadiisa, dhan kalena si uu u noqdo mid si cad loo fahmi karo ujeeddadiisa. Astaan la muuqaal ah astaan kale ma jirto. Tusaalle ahaan, astaanta joogsiga ( . ) waa mid ka muuqaal duwan astaanta joogsihakadka ( ; ). Sida oo kale, astaan la shaqo ah astaan kale ma jirto.
  • Suugaanta: Dhinaca kalle, koorsada waxaad ku barran doontaa hab-curinta suugaanta iyo macnayaasha guud ee ay xambaarsan yihiin.

Guud ahaan, ujeedka ay Jaamacadda Ramaas ka leedahay koorsadan ayaa ah in ardayda si fiican u bartaan qaab-qoraalka habboon, sixidda higgaadda erayada, sidoo kale dhowridda astaamaha iyo xeerarka dhigaalka, taasi oo qayb ka ah qoraalka. Taasina waa xil saaran qoraaga iyo tifaftiraha.

Civil Education and Civic Engagement course at Ramaas University would involve several key steps and components to ensure it effectively educates students on their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens. Here is a comprehensive outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices of civil education. It will cover topics such as civic responsibility, Somali government structure, civil rights and liberties, community involvement, and global citizenship. Through lectures, discussions, and hands-on projects, students will develop the skills and knowledge necessary to become informed and active participants in their communities and the broader society.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proactive and informed citizens, capable of contributing positively to their communities and society at large.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving course is designed to equip students with the essential skills of critical thinking and problem-solving. It focuses on developing the ability to analyze complex situations, identify problems, generate solutions, and make informed decisions. By the end of the course, students will be able to apply these skills in academic, professional, and everyday contexts.

Course Objectives:

Understand Critical Thinking:

– Define critical thinking and its importance.
– Identify the components and characteristics of a critical thinker.
– Recognize common logical fallacies and biases.

Develop Problem-Solving Skills:

– Understand different problem-solving strategies and techniques.
– Apply structured approaches to problem-solving.
– Develop creative and innovative solutions to problems.

Enhance Analytical Skills:

– Analyze and interpret data effectively.
– Use analytical tools to assess situations and make decisions.
– Evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information.

Improve Decision-Making:

– Apply decision-making models to real-life scenarios.
– Understand the role of ethics in decision-making.
– Reflect on personal decision-making styles and their effectiveness.

Final Course Assessment:

– Participation and contribution to class discussions.
– Group projects and presentations.
– Individual assignments and case study analyses.
– Final exam covering theoretical and practical aspects.

English 100 at Ramaas University is a foundational course designed to enhance students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical thinking. This course aims to build a strong foundation in English, equipping students with the necessary skills to succeed in their academic and professional pursuits.


The primary objectives of English 100 are to:

Develop effective reading strategies for comprehending and analyzing various texts.
Improve writing skills, focusing on clarity, coherence, and organization.
Enhance grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary usage.
Cultivate critical thinking and the ability to construct well-supported arguments.
Foster an appreciation for literature and diverse written forms.

Curriculum and Content

The curriculum for English 100 covers a broad range of topics and activities, including:

Reading Comprehension: Students will engage with a variety of texts, including essays, articles, short stories, and poems. Emphasis will be placed on identifying main ideas, supporting details, and themes.

Writing Skills: Instruction will focus on the writing process, from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students will learn to write different types of essays, such as narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays.

Grammar and Mechanics: Lessons will cover fundamental grammar rules, sentence structure, punctuation, and word usage. Regular exercises and quizzes will help reinforce these concepts.

Critical Thinking: Through class discussions, debates, and written assignments, students will practice analyzing texts and developing their own arguments.

Literature Appreciation: The course will introduce students to significant works of literature, exploring various genres and styles. This component aims to broaden students’ understanding and appreciation of literary art.

Teaching Methodology

English 100 employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and facilitate learning:

Lectures: Instructors will provide comprehensive overviews of key concepts and skills.
Group Work: Collaborative activities and peer reviews will encourage students to learn from each other and improve their communication skills.
Writing Workshops: These sessions will offer hands-on practice in writing and revising, with feedback from both peers and instructors.
Interactive Discussions: Class discussions on readings and relevant topics will promote critical thinking and active participation.
Assignments and Assessments: Regular homework assignments, essays, quizzes, and exams will help track students’ progress and understanding.

Resources and Support

Students enrolled in English 100 will have access to various resources and support services, including:

Library Access: Comprehensive library resources, including books, academic journals, and online databases, to support reading and research.
Office Hours: Instructors will be available during designated office hours to provide additional help and answer questions.
Ramaas Online Learning Platform: A digital platform where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and participate in online discussions.

Assessment and Grading

Assessment in English 100 will be based on a combination of:
– Written assignments and essays
– Quizzes and exams
– Class participation and attendance
– Group projects and presentations
– Peer reviews and feedback

Grading will reflect students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical analysis, as well as their effort and engagement in the course.

English 100 at Ramaas University is an essential course for students seeking to improve their English language skills and academic performance. By fostering a strong foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking, this course prepares students for future academic challenges and professional success.

  • Introduction to Arabic Language course at Ramaas University requires a well-structured curriculum that addresses the needs of beginners while progressively building up to more advanced skills. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:
This course provides an introduction to the Arabic language, covering the fundamentals of reading, writing, speaking, and understanding Arabic. It aims to equip students with basic communication skills and a foundational understanding of Arabic grammar and vocabulary. The course also introduces elements of Arabic culture to enhance language learning.

Course Objectives:
– Develop basic proficiency in reading and writing Arabic script.
– Acquire essential vocabulary and grammar for everyday communication.
– Build foundational skills in listening and speaking Arabic.
– Gain an understanding of key aspects of Arab world culture and society.
– Develop the ability to use Arabic in simple conversational contexts.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a foundational understanding of the Arabic language and the skills needed to continue their studies or use Arabic in basic conversational contexts.

  • The Introduction to Psychology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This course aims to introduce key concepts, theories, and research methods in psychology, offering insights into how psychological principles can be applied to various aspects of life.

    Course Objectives:

    – Foundation in Psychology: To introduce students to the fundamental concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Research Methods: To familiarize students with basic research methods used in psychological studies.
    – Application: To demonstrate how psychological principles can be applied to real situations.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical thinking skills through analysis and discussion of psychological concepts.
    – Awareness: To increase awareness of the various subfields within psychology

    Learning Outcomes:

    By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and describe key concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Apply psychological principles to everyday situations.
    – Analyze psychological research and critically evaluate findings.
    – Demonstrate knowledge of the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.
    – Discuss the ethical considerations in psychological research and practice.

  • The Introduction to Chemistry course at Ramaas University is structured to give students a thorough grounding in the fundamental principles and concepts of chemistry. This course serves as a foundation for advanced study in chemistry and related disciplines, providing essential knowledge and practical skills.

    Course Objectives:

    – Fundamental Principles: To introduce the basic principles and concepts of chemistry.
    – Scientific Method: To develop an understanding of the scientific method and its application in chemistry.
    – Practical Skills: To provide hands-on experience with laboratory techniques and safety procedures.
    – Preparation for Advanced Study: To prepare students for more advanced courses in chemistry and related fields.

    Learning Outcomes:

  • By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and explain the basic concepts and principles of chemistry.
    – Perform chemical calculations related to stoichiometry, gas laws, and solutions.
    – Apply the scientific method to design, conduct, and analyze experiments.
    – Demonstrate safe and proper laboratory techniques.
    – Interpret and analyze data to draw conclusions about chemical phenomena.

    For detailed information about the course schedule, syllabus, and specific requirements, students should refer to the course materials provided at the beginning of the semester and communicate with the instructor.

  • The foundation year in mathematics is a preparatory program designed to equip students with the essential knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a degree course in mathematics or a related field.

    Course Objectives

    To provide a solid grounding in key mathematical concepts and techniques for students who may not have the required qualifications or who need to strengthen their understanding before embarking on a full degree program.

    Develop Problem-Solving Skills: Foster analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities that are crucial for higher-level mathematics.

    Build Confidence: Help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities through a structured and supportive learning environment.

Introduction to Computers course at Ramaas University involves designing a curriculum that covers fundamental aspects of computer science and information technology. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course provides a comprehensive overview of computer systems and their applications. It covers the basic principles of hardware, software, and networks, along with an introduction to programming and data management. The course aims to equip students with the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers in academic, professional, and personal contexts.

Course Objectives:

– Understand the basic components and functions of a computer system.
– Understanding basic components of a computer (hardware and software)
– Introduction to operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
– Inside the computer: CPU, memory, storage devices
– Develop problem-solving skills using computer technology.
– Explore the ethical and social implications of computing.
– Fundamentals of cybersecurity (passwords, encryption, malware)
– Common software applications (word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software)

Assessment Methods:

Participation in class discussions and activities
– Quizzes and exams on course material
– Practical assignments and projects
– Group projects and presentations
Final Porject

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a solid foundation in computer science, enabling them to utilize computer technology effectively in their academic and professional pursuits.

  • In this course, students will learn how to identify goals as they grow naturally and learn strategies for facilitating the evolution of those objectives. Students will learn about concepts such as bootstrapping and different marketing techniques, as well as how to start a business from the ground up.
    • The overall goal of this course is for you to develop clear reasoning and writing skills. By the end of the course, you should be able to employ critical thinking and writing strategies in your other courses and in life.

    • After completion this course, students should be able to analyze different text types and genres distinguish between different stylistic levels, produce coherent texts in formal and informal English.

    • Your course grade is based on how well you develop your thinking and reasoning abilities and the knowledge and skills to write clearly and effectively. You will have many other opportunities to demonstrate your thinking and writing skills in a series of smaller or scaffolding assignments. These smaller assignments are vital to your success in learning how to follow the writing process to produce university-level writing.
  • This Introduction to Research Methodology course will provide you with a overview of the various research methods used when addressing a research question, including quantitative methods for analysing data, qualitative research, study design, literature review and how to write a scientific paper.

  • The main purpose of this ccourse is to provide you with a broad introduction to the methodological foundations and tools to study mass communications. But a secondary purpose is to convince you that the process of scientific discovery can be fun. Most of the semester will focus on the fundamentals of quantitative social
    science and applied research, although we will also explore qualitative research.

  • You will learn how to identify problems to study, develop hypotheses and research questions, specify independent and dependent variables, check for the validity and reliability of studies and design research projects. You will be exposed to the broad range of designs used in communication research from laboratory and field experiments, surveys, content analysis, focus groups and in-depth interviewing.

  • The Global Studies course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary program aimed at providing students with a deep understanding of global issues, cultures, and systems. Below is an outline of what such a course might encompass.

    This Global Studies course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to understand and engage with the complexities of the globalized world. The course integrates various disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, history, and cultural studies to provide a holistic view of global dynamics.

    Core Objectives of this course:

    – Interdisciplinary Approach: To blend insights from multiple disciplines for a nuanced understanding of global issues.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical analysis and problem-solving skills.
    – Cultural Competence: To foster an appreciation of diverse cultures and global perspectives.
    – Global Awareness: To raise awareness about global challenges such as inequality, climate change, human rights, and international relations.
    – Research Skills: To enhance students’ ability to conduct comprehensive research on global topics.

    Skills Developed:

    -Analytical and critical thinking
    – Effective communication and presentation
    – Research and data analysis
    – Cultural sensitivity and adaptability
    – Policy analysis and strategic planning


Year 2

This subject covers the fundamentals that will allow you to understand Somalia’s constitutional system and the nature of the Somali state. This course offers an introduction to Somali constitutional law. In addition to examining questions of interpretive method, the course focuses on the powers of the federal government and the allocation of decision making authority among government institutions, including both federalism and separation of powers.

  • Environmental Biology is an interdisciplinary field that explores the relationships between organisms and their environments. A course in Environmental Biology typically covers various aspects of ecology, biodiversity, conservation, and the impact of human activities on the natural world. 

Course Overview

Core Topics:

  1. Introduction to Environmental Biology:
    • Basic principles of ecology and environmental science.
    • Interactions between organisms and their environment.

2. Biodiversity and Conservation:

    • Study of different species and their ecosystems.
    • Conservation strategies and the importance of biodiversity.

3. Ecology:

    • Population, community, and ecosystem ecology.
    • Energy flow and nutrient cycling within ecosystems.

4. Human Impact on the Environment:

    • Pollution, climate change, and habitat destruction.
    • Sustainable practices and environmental management.

5. Field Methods and Data Analysis:

    • Techniques for sampling and analyzing environmental data.
    • Use of statistical tools to interpret ecological data.

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Understand the fundamental principles of ecology and environmental science.
  • Analyze the impact of human activities on natural ecosystems.
  • Apply conservation principles to protect biodiversity.
  • Use field and laboratory techniques to gather and analyze environmental data.
  • Develop strategies for sustainable environmental management.

Practical Components

Field Work:

  • Hands-on experience through field trips to various ecosystems.
  • Observations and data collection on flora, fauna, and environmental conditions.

Laboratory Work:

  • Experiments and simulations to study ecological interactions.
  • Analysis of environmental samples for pollutants and biodiversity indicators.

Career Prospects:

Graduates of Environmental Biology can pursue careers in:

  • Environmental consultancy and impact assessment.
  • Wildlife conservation and management.
  • Research and academia.
  • Government agencies and NGOs focused on environmental protection.
  • Sustainable resource management and policy development.

Sample Courses:

Here are some sample courses you might find within an Environmental Biology program:

  • Principles of Ecology
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Conservation Biology
  • Marine and Freshwater Biology
  • Environmental Policy and Management
  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Environmental Science

If you are considering enrolling in an Environmental Biology course at Ramaas University, I would recommend to contacting the university’s admissions office for detailed information about their specific program offerings, faculty, and admission requirements.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

  • In this subject, you will learn the terminology and the conceptual foundations for the study of various branches of law. You will also acquire theoretical and historical knowledge of law that will give you the right perspective to analyse various legal solutions to common problems.
  • This course will provide you with an outline of seminal as well as current paradigms in peace studies. The main themes will touch upon issues such as governance of insecurities, peace-making and peace-building, before going on to look at local critiques of foreign peace-building and state-building and alternative perspectives on post-war reconstruction.

    During this course we will focus on Somali Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, will use knowledge and skills developed within years 1 and 2 of the Programme and apply those to new issues and emergent debates. This course will specifically equips students with detailed knowledge of current approaches to and understandings of peace and state-building and of governance in post-war societies.

    The course also uses subject-specific knowledge to develop and enhance critical analytical skills and original thinking.

  • Academic writing can be very different from other types of written English. This course has been developed to help you learn the basics of academic writing and develop your English language skills.

    You’ll develop some proficiency in key areas of ‘academic’ grammar, learn about the stages in essay writing, and produce an essay of your own. You’ll also explore how to organise an essay, write in an academic style, and use tools to evaluate your own writing and other learners’ writing, so that by the end of the course you’re able to write a good, basic academic essay.

Environmental Chemistry courses at RU cover the chemical processes occurring in the environment and their impacts. This course curriculum includes: 

Environmental Chemistry Course Outline:

1. Introduction to Environmental Chemistry

  • Definition and scope
  • Importance of environmental chemistry
  • Basic chemical principles

2. Atmospheric Chemistry

  • Composition of the atmosphere
  • Chemical reactions in the atmosphere
  • Air pollutants and their sources
  • Effects of air pollution
  • Greenhouse gases and climate change

3. Water Chemistry

  • Properties of water
  • Chemical composition of natural waters
  • Water pollutants and their sources
  • Eutrophication
  • Water treatment processes

4. Soil Chemistry

  • Composition and properties of soil
  • Chemical reactions in soil
  • Soil pollutants and their sources
  • Impact of agriculture and industry on soil chemistry

5. Toxicology and Risk Assessment

  • Toxic chemicals in the environment
  • Routes of exposure and toxicokinetics
  • Risk assessment and management

6. Environmental Monitoring and Analysis

  • Sampling techniques
  • Analytical methods for environmental samples
  • Data interpretation and quality control

7. Waste Management and Remediation

  • Types of waste (solid, liquid, hazardous)
  • Waste treatment and disposal methods
  • Remediation techniques for contaminated sites

8. Sustainable Practices and Green Chemistry

  • Principles of green chemistry
  • Sustainable industrial processes
  • Renewable energy and materials

9. Case Studies and Current Issues

  • Real-world examples of environmental issues
  • Discussion of recent research and developments

Course Delivery Methods:

  • Lectures: Theoretical foundations and concepts.
  • Laboratory Work: Practical experiments and techniques.
  • Field Trips: Visits to relevant sites such as water treatment plants, industrial facilities, or natural reserves.
  • Projects and Assignments: Research projects, case studies, and problem-solving exercises.
  • Examinations and Assessments: Regular tests, quizzes, and a final exam to evaluate understanding.

Potential Textbooks and Resources:

  • “Environmental Chemistry” by Stanley E. Manahan
  • “Chemistry of the Environment” by Thomas G. Spiro, William M. Stigliani
  • Peer-reviewed journals like Environmental Science & Technology, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering

For specific details regarding the Environmental Chemistry course at Ramaas University, such as the syllabus, prerequisites, and faculty, it would be best to consult the university’s official admissions office or contact academic department directly.

In this subject, you will study one of the oldest and most essential vehicles of law, the one that regulates and organises the exchange of goods and services: contracts and obligations. This is an essential starting point for the consolidation of other areas of civil law and for tackling other legal disciplines (commercial law, financial law, etc.).

This course focuses on the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia such as human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law, justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature, executive and an independent judiciary, in order to ensure accountability.

  • This course seeks to familiarise you with the discipline of international political economy. The module begins by explaining the key characteristics of this discipline and its field of study. Different thinkers and traditions within political economy will be discussed (e.g. Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Keynes, Polanyi, Hayek and Friedman) and you will gain understanding of the complexities and nuances of globalisation in its different aspects (e.g. production, trade, finance, culture etc.). You will also be introduced to the relationship between the state and the economy through the discussions of various policies and their effects on underlying economic conditions. Economic and financial crises will also be discussed in some depth.

This subject provides an introduction to the main characteristics of the laws that govern the relationships between the main stakeholders in international society (public international law). We will cover topics such as the use of force, the law of the sea, aviation law, environmental law, etc.

The aim of this subject is to collectively cultivate social awareness in the practice of our profession. You will have the opportunity to apply your skills and competencies as a student of law by taking part in social work projects with special groups such as elderly people, at-risk youth and immigrants, as well as cases having to do with environmental problems.

Year 3

  • In this subject, you will gain a deeper understanding of administrative law, with a focus on public administration. We will study the activities of public administrations and their main constituent entities, which are endowed with certain powers that give them a position of superiority with regard to citizens, so that they can effectively serve the general interest.

Geology and Earth Science course is designed to provide students with a thorough understanding of the physical and chemical processes that shape the Earth. Here’s an overview of what you might expect from this course:

Course Structure:

 1: Foundation

  • Introduction to Earth Science: Overview of geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy.
  • Physical Geology: Study of minerals, rocks, and Earth’s interior.
  • Historical Geology: Examination of Earth’s history and the processes that have shaped it.
  • Basic Chemistry and Physics: Foundational knowledge essential for understanding geochemical and geophysical processes.
  • Mathematics for Geologists: Basic calculus and statistics relevant to geological applications.

2: Intermediate

  • Mineralogy and Petrology: Detailed study of minerals and rock types, including their formation and identification.
  • Sedimentology and Stratigraphy: Analysis of sedimentary rocks and layering, crucial for understanding Earth’s history.
  • Geophysics: Principles of seismic, magnetic, and gravitational methods used to explore Earth’s subsurface.
  • Paleontology: Study of fossils and ancient life forms, providing insights into Earth’s past environments.
  • Field Methods in Geology: Practical training in geological mapping and data collection.

 3: Advanced Topics

  • Structural Geology: Examination of rock deformations and the forces that cause them.
  • Geochemistry: Chemical processes and elements within the Earth, including cycles and distribution.
  • Hydrogeology: Study of groundwater flow and its geological impacts.
  • Environmental Geology: Exploration of how geological processes affect the environment and human activity.
  • Geological Data Analysis: Techniques for interpreting geological data using modern software tools.

 4: Specialization and Research

  • Elective Courses: Specialized topics such as volcanology, seismology, petroleum geology, or planetary geology.
  • Geological Research Project: Independent research project under faculty supervision, often involving fieldwork and data analysis.
  • Internship: Practical experience in a geological setting, such as a mining company, environmental consultancy, or research institution.

Key Skills Developed:

  • Analytical Skills: Ability to analyze geological samples and data.
  • Field Skills: Proficiency in conducting fieldwork and using geological tools.
  • Technical Skills: Competence in using geological software and laboratory equipment.
  • Research Skills: Capability to conduct independent research and present findings.

Career Prospects:

Graduates can pursue careers in:

  • Environmental consultancy
  • Oil and gas industry
  • Mining and mineral exploration
  • Government geological surveys
  • Academia and research institutions

Facilities and Resources:

  • Laboratories: Equipped with state-of-the-art instruments for geochemical and geophysical analysis.
  • Field Equipment: Tools for geological mapping, sample collection, and field studies.
  • Library: Extensive collection of geological literature and access to scientific journals.
  • Computing Resources: Software for geological modeling and data analysis.

Faculty Expertise:

The course is delivered by a team of experienced geologists and earth scientists with expertise in various sub-disciplines, ensuring that students receive a well-rounded education.

The Geology and Earth Science course at Ramaas University aims to provide students with a solid foundation in geological principles, practical skills, and specialized knowledge, preparing them for a wide range of careers in geosciences.

In this subject, you will gain a basic understanding of the main international organisations created since the birth of this new subject – public international law – in the 19th century: the United Nations (UN), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), etc.

  • This course offers a general introduction to the World International Trade Law (WTO Law), EU-law, Africa and the other parts of the world. Exploring the structure, principles and main WTO Agreements shaping international trade within the WTO will provide the students with a birds-eye view to international trade framework in general. The study of the relationship between WTO and EU will consist of the analysis of the status of the EU in the WTO, and the legal effect of WTO law in the EU.
  • The Arab-Israeli conflict stands as one of the most enduring and, some claim, most intractable political issues in the modern Middle East, if not the whole world. This course offers a detailed examination of this ongoing conflict from its beginnings in the First World War until the present day. It explores the growth of the Zionist movement, the emergence of Palestinian nationalism, the impact of the critical years of 1948 and 1967 that saw the birth and consolidation of the state of Israel and the continuing dispossession of the Palestinians, and the ongoing attempts of forging a political solution since that time. The course is broadly chronological in shape, but uses primary and secondary sources to explore a range of issues including Israeli state and society, European and American intervention in the Middle East, terrorism and war, religion, and efforts to bring peace.

In this subject, you will acquire the necessary knowledge about international and European environmental law. Through practical application, you will learn about the most important international agreements, regulations and environmental guidelines and the future challenges they entail, among other topics.

An Environmental Policy and Management course typically covers a range of topics related to environmental issues, policies, and strategies for sustainable management. Here are some key aspects often included in this course:

  1. Introduction to Environmental Issues: Understanding global and local environmental challenges, such as climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, and resource depletion.

  2. Environmental Policy Analysis: Studying the development, implementation, and evaluation of environmental policies at international, national, and local levels. This includes examining regulatory frameworks, economic incentives, and stakeholders involved.

  3. Sustainable Development: Exploring concepts and practices related to sustainable development, including the integration of environmental, social, and economic factors.

  4. Environmental Management Systems: Learning about tools and approaches for managing environmental impacts within organizations and industries. This may include techniques like Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), and Environmental Management Standards (e.g., ISO 14001).

  5. Environmental Law and Compliance: Understanding the legal frameworks that govern environmental protection and compliance requirements. This includes international treaties, national regulations, and enforcement mechanisms.

  6. Natural Resource Management: Examining strategies for sustainable use and conservation of natural resources, such as water, forests, fisheries, and minerals.

  7. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Analyzing the role of businesses and industries in addressing environmental challenges through CSR initiatives, sustainability reporting, and green practices.

  8. Case Studies and Practical Applications: Reviewing real-world examples and case studies to understand how environmental policies and management strategies are implemented in various contexts.

  9. Environmental Economics: Exploring the economic dimensions of environmental issues, including cost-benefit analysis of environmental policies, valuation of ecosystem services, and market-based instruments (e.g., carbon pricing).

  10. Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation: Addressing strategies and policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation) and adapting to the impacts of climate change on natural and human systems.

Courses in Environmental Policy and Management often blend theory with practical skills, preparing students for careers in environmental consulting, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and corporate sustainability roles. The emphasis is on understanding the complexities of environmental challenges and developing effective strategies to promote environmental stewardship and sustainable development.

  • Choosing between a work placement and a study option course depends on several factors, including your career goals, learning style, industry standards, and personal preferences. You’ll have the option to study or do a work placement. Not only will this give you an amazing experience to talk about but will also give your CV a boost.

     This offers you the opportunity to enhance your study and CV with a work placement. It’s a chance to explore career possibilities, make valuable contacts and gain sought after professional skills.

    – This is an important component of Ramaas University degrees, work placements help you to build academic expertise as well as to gain real-world experience. You’ll receive credit for your efforts, and you’ll learn the extra transferable skills needed to excel in your chosen career. You’ll also develop your ability to deal with pressure and hit crucial deadlines. All of which will make you stand out against the competition and impress employers when you graduate.

    – Ultimately, the decision between a work placement and a study option course should be based on your individual career objectives, learning preferences, and the specific opportunities available in your field. If possible, seek advice, other professionals, academic advisors to make an informed decision.

Year 4

This course in the Academic English: Writing specialization, and it is a more advanced writing course. It will help you raise the level of your writing and make you more aware of the type of writing you can expect in college. You’ll learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it using correct MLA citations. Also, you’ll learn to write a synthesis essay, which will help develop your critical thinking skills. Finally, you’ll write a documented essay, which will help further enhance your skill of using outside sources in your writing.

  • Advanced Argument Essays

In the previous class, you learned about writing argument essays. Here you’re going to learn how to make your essays more academic by writing more body paragraphs and adding support from outside sources. You will write a new argument essay, and since you already know how to write an argument, this will be a good way to practice using sources.

  • Avoiding Plagiarism

The topic of this module is very important for you to know about before you start taking college classes. Plagiarism is a kind of academic dishonesty that gets students into big trouble or even gets them dismissed from school. In this module, you will learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

  • Synthesis Essay

In classes, you will often be asked to read several articles and write an essay about an idea you form from reading the articles. This kind of essay is called a synthesis essay. In this module, you will be given two lists of articles to choose from. You will need to read the articles on your list and then write a synthesis essay. You will use sources from the articles to support your own ideas.

  • Documented Essay

In this course, you will start using the Internet to find your own outside sources to support your ideas. You will also try to write a longer essay than you have before. This module will give your more practice using quotes and paraphrase in your essay, and you will learn to use a Works Cited page to list your sources.

Sustainable Development is a multidisciplinary field that integrates environmental science, economics, sociology, and policy-making to address global challenges and promote a balanced approach to economic growth, social inclusion, and environmental protection. A course in Sustainable Development typically covers a wide range of topics aimed at equipping students with the knowledge and skills needed to create and implement sustainable solutions.

Key Components of a Sustainable Development Course:

  1. Introduction to Sustainable Development:
    • Definition and history of sustainable development.
    • Key concepts: the three pillars (economic, social, environmental).
    • Global challenges and opportunities.

2. Environmental Science and Ecology:

    • Ecosystem services and biodiversity.
    • Climate change and its impacts.
    • Natural resource management.

3. Sustainable Economics:

    • Economic theories related to sustainability.
    • Green economy and circular economy.
    • Cost-benefit analysis of sustainable practices.

4. Social Dimensions of Sustainability:

    • Social justice and equity.
    • Community development and participation.
    • Health and education in sustainable development.

5. Sustainable Policy and Governance:

    • International agreements and organizations (e.g., UN SDGs).
    • National and local policy frameworks.
    • Role of government, NGOs, and the private sector.

6. Sustainable Urban and Rural Development:

    • Urban planning and smart cities.
    • Sustainable agriculture and rural development.
    • Infrastructure and transportation.

7. Renewable Energy and Technology:

    • Types of renewable energy (solar, wind, hydro, etc.).
    • Technological innovations for sustainability.
    • Energy efficiency and management.

8. Case Studies and Practical Applications:

    • Real-world examples of successful sustainable projects.
    • Field trips and hands-on projects.
    • Interdisciplinary approaches to problem-solving.

9. Research Methods and Tools:

    • Data collection and analysis.
    • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for sustainability.
    • Impact assessment and reporting.

10. Capstone Project or Thesis:

    • Independent research project on a specific sustainability issue.
    • Application of theoretical knowledge to practical problems.
    • Presentation and defense of findings.

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Understand and explain the principles of sustainable development.
  • Analyze environmental, economic, and social data to assess sustainability issues.
  • Develop and implement sustainable solutions in various contexts.
  • Engage in interdisciplinary teamwork to address complex sustainability challenges.
  • Communicate effectively about sustainability topics to diverse audiences.

Recommended Resources:

  • Books:

    • “Sustainable Development Goals: Harnessing Business to Achieve the SDGs through Finance, Technology, and Law Reform” by Julia Walker, Alma Pekmezovic, Gordon Walker.
    • “Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist” by Kate Raworth.
    • “The Age of Sustainable Development” by Jeffrey D. Sachs.


    • Sustainability (MDPI)
    • Journal of Sustainable Development
    • Environmental Science & Policy

Online Courses and MOOCs:

    • “The Age of Sustainable Development” by Columbia University (edX).
    • “Introduction to Sustainability” by University of Illinois (Coursera).
    • “Sustainable Development: The Post-Capitalist Order” by Lund University (Coursera).

A course in Sustainable Development prepares students to become leaders and innovators in creating a more sustainable and equitable world, addressing critical issues from climate change to social inequality.

  • This course examines the Middle East with an emphasis on understanding the different political cultures and security issues across the region. Emphases will focus on individual domestic concerns, international positions, national security/economic interests, and alliances/conflicts between countries within and beyond the region. Particular attention is paid to non-state, transnational security threats and the interplay between secular and religious factions across the entire region.This intensive course adds to the upper-level Comparative Politics section of the program and allows for the development of a specific regional specialization, which is advantageous to the overall program objectives and future career opportunities.

Taking a course on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) can be highly beneficial if you’re interested in understanding the environmental implications of development projects and policies. Here’s an outline of what you might typically learn in such a course:

Course Content:

  1. Introduction to EIA
    • Definition, purpose, and objectives of EIA.
    • Historical context and evolution of EIA globally and locally.

2. Legal and Regulatory Framework

    • Overview of international conventions and agreements related to EIA (e.g., Aarhus Convention, Espoo Convention).
    • National legislation and policies governing EIA in various countries.

3. EIA Process

    • Steps involved in conducting an EIA (screening, scoping, assessment, mitigation, reporting, monitoring).
    • Methods and tools used in each stage of the EIA process.

4. Environmental Impact Assessment Methods

    • Techniques for predicting and assessing environmental impacts (qualitative and quantitative methods).
    • Case studies illustrating the application of different assessment methods.

5. Social Impact Assessment

    • Understanding social impacts of development projects.
    • Methods for assessing and mitigating social impacts.

6. Stakeholder Engagement

    • Importance of stakeholder involvement in the EIA process.
    • Strategies for effective stakeholder engagement and consultation.

7. Environmental Management Plans (EMPs)

    • Development and implementation of EMPs based on EIA findings.
    • Monitoring and adaptive management strategies.

8. EIA in Practice

    • Real-world examples of successful and unsuccessful EIAs.
    • Challenges and controversies in EIA implementation.

9. Emerging Issues in EIA

    • Integration of climate change considerations in EIA.
    • EIA for complex projects (e.g., large infrastructure, energy projects).

10. Role of Technology in EIA

    • Use of GIS, remote sensing, and other technologies in EIA.
    • Data management and analysis in EIA studies.

Skills Developed:

  • Critical Thinking: Analyzing complex environmental issues and their impacts.
  • Problem Solving: Developing strategies to mitigate negative impacts and enhance sustainability.
  • Communication: Effectively communicating findings and recommendations to stakeholders.
  • Teamwork: Collaborating with multidisciplinary teams during the EIA process.
  • Legal and Regulatory Awareness: Understanding compliance requirements and ethical considerations.

Career Paths: Completion of an EIA course can prepare you for roles such as:

  • Environmental Consultant
  • Sustainability Manager
  • Regulatory Affairs Specialist
  • Project Manager in environmental projects

Enrolling in an Environmental Impact Assessment course provides a comprehensive understanding of how development projects affect the environment and communities. It equips you with skills and knowledge to contribute effectively to sustainable development and environmental stewardship.

Wildlife conservation course is designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to protect and manage wildlife and their habitats. Here’s a guide to help you understand what this courses cover and how to choose the right one for you.

Key Components of Wildlife Conservation Course:

  1. Ecology and Biology: Understanding the basic principles of ecology and biology, including animal behavior, species interactions, and ecosystem dynamics.
  2. Conservation Techniques: Learning about various conservation strategies and techniques such as habitat restoration, species reintroduction, and captive breeding programs.
  3. Field Work: Gaining hands-on experience through fieldwork, which might include wildlife monitoring, tracking, and surveying.
  4. Policy and Legislation: Studying the laws and policies that affect wildlife conservation, both at national and international levels.
  5. Human-Wildlife Conflict: Addressing the challenges of human-wildlife interactions and developing strategies to mitigate conflicts.
  6. Research Methods: Learning how to design and conduct research, collect data, and analyze findings to inform conservation efforts.

Wildlife conservation is a rewarding field that combines science, passion, and a commitment to preserving our planet’s biodiversity. The course will set you on a path to make a significant impact in this vital area.

Climate change course involves covering various aspects of the topic, from the science behind it to its impacts and the solutions. Here’s a potential outline for a climate change course:

Climate Change Course Outline

Module 1: Introduction to Climate Change

  1. Definition and Basics
    • What is climate change?
    • Difference between weather and climate
    • Historical perspective on climate change
  2. The Science of Climate Change
    • The greenhouse effect
    • Greenhouse gases: CO2, CH4, N2O, and fluorinated gases
    • The carbon cycle
    • Evidence of climate change (temperature records, ice cores, sea level rise)

Module 2: Causes of Climate Change

  1. Natural Causes
    • Volcanic eruptions
    • Solar radiation variations
  2. Anthropogenic Causes
    • Fossil fuel combustion
    • Deforestation
    • Industrial processes
    • Agriculture

Module 3: Impacts of Climate Change

  1. Environmental Impacts
    • Melting ice caps and glaciers
    • Ocean acidification
    • Changes in weather patterns (storms, droughts, heatwaves)
  2. Ecological Impacts
    • Biodiversity loss
    • Impact on ecosystems and species
  3. Social and Economic Impacts
    • Food and water security
    • Human health
    • Migration and displacement
    • Economic costs

Module 4: Mitigation and Adaptation

  1. Mitigation Strategies
    • Renewable energy
    • Energy efficiency
    • Carbon capture and storage
    • Reforestation and afforestation
  2. Adaptation Strategies
    • Infrastructure improvements
    • Agricultural practices
    • Water management
    • Disaster preparedness

Module 5: Policy and International Agreements

  1. Global Frameworks and Agreements
    • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
    • Kyoto Protocol
    • Paris Agreement
  2. National and Local Policies
    • Case studies of climate policies in various countries
    • Role of governments, NGOs, and private sector

Module 6: Climate Change Communication and Education

  1. Public Perception and Awareness
    • Communicating science to the public
    • The role of media in shaping public opinion
  2. Education and Advocacy
    • Climate education programs
    • Grassroots movements and activism

Module 7: Future Scenarios and Solutions

  1. Climate Models and Predictions
    • Understanding climate models
    • IPCC scenarios
  2. Innovative Solutions and Technologies
    • Emerging technologies in climate mitigation
    • Sustainable development goals (SDGs) and climate change

Learning Activities and Assessments

  1. Lectures and Readings
    • Core textbooks and supplementary materials
  2. Discussion and Debate
    • Forums for students to discuss and debate climate issues
  3. Practical Exercises
    • Data analysis and interpretation
    • Carbon footprint calculation
  4. Projects and Case Studies
    • Real-world case studies of climate impacts and solutions
    • Group projects on specific topics
  5. Assessments
    • Quizzes and exams to test knowledge
    • Essays and research papers


  1. Books and Articles
    • Key textbooks on climate science and policy
    • Research articles and reports from scientific journals
  2. Online Resources
    • Websites of organizations like NASA, NOAA, and IPCC
    • Online courses and lectures (e.g., Coursera, edX)
  3. Documentaries and Films
    • Educational documentaries on climate change (e.g., “An Inconvenient Truth,” “Before the Flood”)

This outline provides a structured approach to studying climate change, covering essential topics and incorporating various learning activities to enhance understanding and engagement.

  • Bachelor of Environmental Science Dissertation Project is a compulsory final project. It is a research-based project of 10,000 words. This module provides you with the opportunity to choose a research topic that you are especially interested in and work on your own initiative. It allows you the freedom of independent study under the guidance of your supervisor, to undertake research on a specific topic, and to enhance your ability to master appropriate primary and secondary materials.
  • This is your chance to develop a range of valuable skills different from those you have already gained from your undergraduate degree such as researching, planning, writing well, thinking analytically, synthesizing complicated information, and organizing your time. It can also play an important role in showing a potential employer that you are able to work independently, plan a bigger project, collect information, and find the answer to any specific problem.

Entry Requirements:

Document Requirements:

  • You will be required to submit the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this bachelor’s degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current secondary school, then you can still apply and you can provide your High School Certificate at a later date.

Your Secondary’s or University Certificate and Transcript:

  • Upload your secondary school’s certificate or university’s certificate and a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your high school (s) (original) or university if you are planning to earn double bachelor degree.

Personal Statement:

  • A photo passport and a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular bachelor’s degree programme.

You can apply and upload documents here

Study information

start:15 September – Campus
10 October – Online studies
10 January – Online studies
15 February – Campus


Place of Study:

Mogadishu Campus or Online Studies

Application fee: $35

Semester fee: $250

Application Deadline:Continuous recording. Applications are processed in the order in which they are received.
Duration:4 years full-time (campus and online studies)
5 years part-time (online studies only)
Degree::Bachelor Degree (Professional Degree)

Programme Instructors

Abdijabaar Sh. Ahmed, PhD Candidate

Programme leader and Instructor

Foad Warsame Abdi

Co-programme Leader and Instructor

Dr. Maryama Hassan

Subject Instructor

Abdihakim Abdisalam

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Shirac

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Idle, PhD

Subject Instructor

Wafa W. Ahmed

Course Advisor and Graduation Policy.

Dr. Abdullahi Sh. Mubarak Rashid

Co-program Leader and Instructor

Rooda Mohamed

Subject Instructor

Samina Khan, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hawa Osman, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hassan Garaad

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 17 1010

Kafiya Abdillahi

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 62 4444

Are you ready to take the next step towards your brighter future?

Halkaan ka akhriso

Shahaadada Jaamacaddeed ee Cilmiga Deegaanka

Waa sharaxaad koobban oo ku saabsan Shahaadada Jaamacaddeed ee Cilmiga Deegaanka oo af Soomaali lagu diyaariyey. Riix Akhriso!

The Admissions and Enrollment Management Office

Admission and Enrollments

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