Bachelor of Geography and Environmental Science

BA in Geography and Environmental Science

A Bachelor of Geography and Environmental Science degree programme at Ramaas University is an undergraduate degree that integrates the study of physical and human geography with environmental science. This program typically covers a broad range of topics, including the Earth’s landscapes, climates, ecosystems, and the human impact on the environment.

This bachelor degree often involves an interdisciplinary approach, incorporating insights from biology, geology, sociology, economics, and political science to address complex environmental issues.

The Programme Structure

This bachelor program spans four to five years, depending on wether you are full time or part time student. It includes a combination of lectures, laboratory work, field studies, and research projects. The degree provides a comprehensive foundation for understanding and addressing the complex environmental challenges facing our world today, equipping students with the necessary skills and knowledge to make meaningful contributions to environmental sustainability and management.

The courses provide a broad foundation in both geography and environmental science, preparing students for careers in environmental management, urban planning, conservation, research, and policy development.

Bachelor of Geography and Environmental Science Educational Curriculum

To obtain Bachelor of Geography and Environmental Science Degree, students are required to complete 180 credits. Courses may be taken on a full-time or part-time basis.

Foundation Year (Sanadka Aasaasiga)

Anagoo raacayso qorshaha Wasaaradda Waxbarashada, Hiddaha Iyo Tacliinta Sare Soomaaliya ee sanadka aas-aasaiga ah ee arday kasta laga doonaayo inuu qaato sanadka ugu horreeya ee jaamacadda, ayaa waxay Jaamacadda Ramaas kusoo dartay koorsada Luuqada Afka Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta. Ujeedka ay Jaamacadda ka leedahay ayaa ah in hab-qoraalka toolmoon ee afka Soomaaliga si fiican ardayga loo barro. Qoritaanka Af Soomaaligu waa uu ka duwan yahay dhihitaanka afka, ama waxa aynnu odhan karnaa hadalka caadiga ah iyo dhigaalku waa ay kala geddisan yihiin. Waana muhiim in ardayda si toosan afka Soomaaliga dhigaalkiisa saxda ah loo barro.

  • Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsada: Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsadan waa kuwa aqoon-duruqsan u leh qaab qoraalka afka Soomaaliya. Waxay bixin doonaan dulmar guud oo ku saabsan fikradaha iyo xirfadaha muhiimka ah ee qaab qoraalka toolmoon.
  • Cilmiga astaamaha qoraalka: Qoraaga aan waxba ka aqoon cilmiga astaamaynta qoraalka, ama astaan kasta aan dhigi karin booskeeda saxda ah, waxa uu la mid yahay askari aan wax ba ka aqoon cilmiga rididda qoriga, oo xabbad kasta aan ku dili karin qofkeeda cadowga ah.
  • Maxaad ku barran doontaa koorsadaan? waxaad ku barran doontaa sida saxda ah ee astaamaynta qoraalku, qeexid ahaan, calaamado kala muuqaal ah, kuwa loo adeegsado qoraalka, ujeedka ayaa ah in qoraalku si wacan loo akhrin karo erayadiisa, dhan kalena si uu u noqdo mid si cad loo fahmi karo ujeeddadiisa. Astaan la muuqaal ah astaan kale ma jirto. Tusaalle ahaan, astaanta joogsiga ( . ) waa mid ka muuqaal duwan astaanta joogsihakadka ( ; ). Sida oo kale, astaan la shaqo ah astaan kale ma jirto.
  • Suugaanta: Dhinaca kalle, koorsada waxaad ku barran doontaa hab-curinta suugaanta iyo macnayaasha guud ee ay xambaarsan yihiin.

Guud ahaan, ujeedka ay Jaamacadda Ramaas ka leedahay koorsadan ayaa ah in ardayda si fiican u bartaan qaab-qoraalka habboon, sixidda higgaadda erayada, sidoo kale dhowridda astaamaha iyo xeerarka dhigaalka, taasi oo qayb ka ah qoraalka. Taasina waa xil saaran qoraaga iyo tifaftiraha.

Civil Education and Civic Engagement course at Ramaas University would involve several key steps and components to ensure it effectively educates students on their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens. Here is a comprehensive outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices of civil education. It will cover topics such as civic responsibility, Somali government structure, civil rights and liberties, community involvement, and global citizenship. Through lectures, discussions, and hands-on projects, students will develop the skills and knowledge necessary to become informed and active participants in their communities and the broader society.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proactive and informed citizens, capable of contributing positively to their communities and society at large.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving course is designed to equip students with the essential skills of critical thinking and problem-solving. It focuses on developing the ability to analyze complex situations, identify problems, generate solutions, and make informed decisions. By the end of the course, students will be able to apply these skills in academic, professional, and everyday contexts.

Course Objectives:

Understand Critical Thinking:

– Define critical thinking and its importance.
– Identify the components and characteristics of a critical thinker.
– Recognize common logical fallacies and biases.

Develop Problem-Solving Skills:

– Understand different problem-solving strategies and techniques.
– Apply structured approaches to problem-solving.
– Develop creative and innovative solutions to problems.

Enhance Analytical Skills:

– Analyze and interpret data effectively.
– Use analytical tools to assess situations and make decisions.
– Evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information.

Improve Decision-Making:

– Apply decision-making models to real-life scenarios.
– Understand the role of ethics in decision-making.
– Reflect on personal decision-making styles and their effectiveness.

Final Course Assessment:

– Participation and contribution to class discussions.
– Group projects and presentations.
– Individual assignments and case study analyses.
– Final exam covering theoretical and practical aspects.

English 100 at Ramaas University is a foundational course designed to enhance students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical thinking. This course aims to build a strong foundation in English, equipping students with the necessary skills to succeed in their academic and professional pursuits.

Objectives

The primary objectives of English 100 are to:

Develop effective reading strategies for comprehending and analyzing various texts.
Improve writing skills, focusing on clarity, coherence, and organization.
Enhance grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary usage.
Cultivate critical thinking and the ability to construct well-supported arguments.
Foster an appreciation for literature and diverse written forms.

Curriculum and Content

The curriculum for English 100 covers a broad range of topics and activities, including:

Reading Comprehension: Students will engage with a variety of texts, including essays, articles, short stories, and poems. Emphasis will be placed on identifying main ideas, supporting details, and themes.

Writing Skills: Instruction will focus on the writing process, from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students will learn to write different types of essays, such as narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays.

Grammar and Mechanics: Lessons will cover fundamental grammar rules, sentence structure, punctuation, and word usage. Regular exercises and quizzes will help reinforce these concepts.

Critical Thinking: Through class discussions, debates, and written assignments, students will practice analyzing texts and developing their own arguments.

Literature Appreciation: The course will introduce students to significant works of literature, exploring various genres and styles. This component aims to broaden students’ understanding and appreciation of literary art.

Teaching Methodology

English 100 employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and facilitate learning:

Lectures: Instructors will provide comprehensive overviews of key concepts and skills.
Group Work: Collaborative activities and peer reviews will encourage students to learn from each other and improve their communication skills.
Writing Workshops: These sessions will offer hands-on practice in writing and revising, with feedback from both peers and instructors.
Interactive Discussions: Class discussions on readings and relevant topics will promote critical thinking and active participation.
Assignments and Assessments: Regular homework assignments, essays, quizzes, and exams will help track students’ progress and understanding.

Resources and Support

Students enrolled in English 100 will have access to various resources and support services, including:

Library Access: Comprehensive library resources, including books, academic journals, and online databases, to support reading and research.
Office Hours: Instructors will be available during designated office hours to provide additional help and answer questions.
Ramaas Online Learning Platform: A digital platform where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and participate in online discussions.

Assessment and Grading

Assessment in English 100 will be based on a combination of:
– Written assignments and essays
– Quizzes and exams
– Class participation and attendance
– Group projects and presentations
– Peer reviews and feedback

Grading will reflect students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical analysis, as well as their effort and engagement in the course.

English 100 at Ramaas University is an essential course for students seeking to improve their English language skills and academic performance. By fostering a strong foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking, this course prepares students for future academic challenges and professional success.

  • Introduction to Arabic Language course at Ramaas University requires a well-structured curriculum that addresses the needs of beginners while progressively building up to more advanced skills. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:
This course provides an introduction to the Arabic language, covering the fundamentals of reading, writing, speaking, and understanding Arabic. It aims to equip students with basic communication skills and a foundational understanding of Arabic grammar and vocabulary. The course also introduces elements of Arabic culture to enhance language learning.

Course Objectives:
– Develop basic proficiency in reading and writing Arabic script.
– Acquire essential vocabulary and grammar for everyday communication.
– Build foundational skills in listening and speaking Arabic.
– Gain an understanding of key aspects of Arab world culture and society.
– Develop the ability to use Arabic in simple conversational contexts.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a foundational understanding of the Arabic language and the skills needed to continue their studies or use Arabic in basic conversational contexts.

  • The Introduction to Psychology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This course aims to introduce key concepts, theories, and research methods in psychology, offering insights into how psychological principles can be applied to various aspects of life.

    Course Objectives:

    – Foundation in Psychology: To introduce students to the fundamental concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Research Methods: To familiarize students with basic research methods used in psychological studies.
    – Application: To demonstrate how psychological principles can be applied to real situations.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical thinking skills through analysis and discussion of psychological concepts.
    – Awareness: To increase awareness of the various subfields within psychology

    Learning Outcomes:

    By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and describe key concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Apply psychological principles to everyday situations.
    – Analyze psychological research and critically evaluate findings.
    – Demonstrate knowledge of the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.
    – Discuss the ethical considerations in psychological research and practice.

  • The Introduction to Chemistry course at Ramaas University is structured to give students a thorough grounding in the fundamental principles and concepts of chemistry. This course serves as a foundation for advanced study in chemistry and related disciplines, providing essential knowledge and practical skills.

    Course Objectives:

    – Fundamental Principles: To introduce the basic principles and concepts of chemistry.
    – Scientific Method: To develop an understanding of the scientific method and its application in chemistry.
    – Practical Skills: To provide hands-on experience with laboratory techniques and safety procedures.
    – Preparation for Advanced Study: To prepare students for more advanced courses in chemistry and related fields.

    Learning Outcomes:

  • By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and explain the basic concepts and principles of chemistry.
    – Perform chemical calculations related to stoichiometry, gas laws, and solutions.
    – Apply the scientific method to design, conduct, and analyze experiments.
    – Demonstrate safe and proper laboratory techniques.
    – Interpret and analyze data to draw conclusions about chemical phenomena.

    For detailed information about the course schedule, syllabus, and specific requirements, students should refer to the course materials provided at the beginning of the semester and communicate with the instructor.

  • The foundation year in mathematics is a preparatory program designed to equip students with the essential knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a degree course in mathematics or a related field.

    Course Objectives

    To provide a solid grounding in key mathematical concepts and techniques for students who may not have the required qualifications or who need to strengthen their understanding before embarking on a full degree program.

    Develop Problem-Solving Skills: Foster analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities that are crucial for higher-level mathematics.

    Build Confidence: Help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities through a structured and supportive learning environment.

Introduction to Computers course at Ramaas University involves designing a curriculum that covers fundamental aspects of computer science and information technology. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course provides a comprehensive overview of computer systems and their applications. It covers the basic principles of hardware, software, and networks, along with an introduction to programming and data management. The course aims to equip students with the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers in academic, professional, and personal contexts.

Course Objectives:

– Understand the basic components and functions of a computer system.
– Understanding basic components of a computer (hardware and software)
– Introduction to operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
– Inside the computer: CPU, memory, storage devices
– Develop problem-solving skills using computer technology.
– Explore the ethical and social implications of computing.
– Fundamentals of cybersecurity (passwords, encryption, malware)
– Common software applications (word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software)

Assessment Methods:

Participation in class discussions and activities
– Quizzes and exams on course material
– Practical assignments and projects
– Group projects and presentations
Final Porject

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a solid foundation in computer science, enabling them to utilize computer technology effectively in their academic and professional pursuits.

  • In this course, students will learn how to identify goals as they grow naturally and learn strategies for facilitating the evolution of those objectives. Students will learn about concepts such as bootstrapping and different marketing techniques, as well as how to start a business from the ground up.
    • The overall goal of this course is for you to develop clear reasoning and writing skills. By the end of the course, you should be able to employ critical thinking and writing strategies in your other courses and in life.

    • After completion this course, students should be able to analyze different text types and genres distinguish between different stylistic levels, produce coherent texts in formal and informal English.

    • Your course grade is based on how well you develop your thinking and reasoning abilities and the knowledge and skills to write clearly and effectively. You will have many other opportunities to demonstrate your thinking and writing skills in a series of smaller or scaffolding assignments. These smaller assignments are vital to your success in learning how to follow the writing process to produce university-level writing.
  • This Introduction to Research Methodology course will provide you with a overview of the various research methods used when addressing a research question, including quantitative methods for analysing data, qualitative research, study design, literature review and how to write a scientific paper.

  • The main purpose of this ccourse is to provide you with a broad introduction to the methodological foundations and tools to study mass communications. But a secondary purpose is to convince you that the process of scientific discovery can be fun. Most of the semester will focus on the fundamentals of quantitative social
    science and applied research, although we will also explore qualitative research.

  • You will learn how to identify problems to study, develop hypotheses and research questions, specify independent and dependent variables, check for the validity and reliability of studies and design research projects. You will be exposed to the broad range of designs used in communication research from laboratory and field experiments, surveys, content analysis, focus groups and in-depth interviewing.

  • The Global Studies course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary program aimed at providing students with a deep understanding of global issues, cultures, and systems. Below is an outline of what such a course might encompass.

    Overview:
    This Global Studies course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to understand and engage with the complexities of the globalized world. The course integrates various disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, history, and cultural studies to provide a holistic view of global dynamics.

    Core Objectives of this course:

    – Interdisciplinary Approach: To blend insights from multiple disciplines for a nuanced understanding of global issues.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical analysis and problem-solving skills.
    – Cultural Competence: To foster an appreciation of diverse cultures and global perspectives.
    – Global Awareness: To raise awareness about global challenges such as inequality, climate change, human rights, and international relations.
    – Research Skills: To enhance students’ ability to conduct comprehensive research on global topics.

    Skills Developed:

    -Analytical and critical thinking
    – Effective communication and presentation
    – Research and data analysis
    – Cultural sensitivity and adaptability
    – Policy analysis and strategic planning

     

Year 2

This subject covers the fundamentals that will allow you to understand Somalia’s constitutional system and the nature of the Somali state. This course offers an introduction to Somali constitutional law. In addition to examining questions of interpretive method, the course focuses on the powers of the federal government and the allocation of decision making authority among government institutions, including both federalism and separation of powers.

The Introduction to Physical Geography course at Ramaas University provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the Earth’s physical systems and processes. The course covers key topics such as landforms, weather and climate, vegetation, soils, and hydrology. Students will explore the interactions between these physical components and human activities, gaining insights into environmental issues and sustainable practices.

Course Objectives: By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  1. Identify and describe major physical features of the Earth.
  2. Understand the processes that shape the Earth’s surface.
  3. Analyze weather patterns and climatic conditions.
  4. Examine the distribution and characteristics of soils and vegetation.
  5. Understand the hydrological cycle and its impact on the environment.
  6. Apply geographic concepts to real-world environmental problems.

Course Content

  1. Introduction to Physical Geography

    • Definition and scope
    • Importance and applications

2. Earth’s Structure and Landforms

    • Plate tectonics
    • Mountain building
    • Volcanism
    • Erosion and weathering

3. Weather and Climate

    • Atmospheric composition and structure
    • Weather systems and patterns
    • Climate zones and classification
    • Climate change

4. Hydrology

    • Hydrological cycle
    • Surface water and groundwater
    • River systems and dynamics
    • Water resources management

5. Biogeography

    • Distribution of life on Earth
    • Ecosystems and biomes
    • Human impacts on biogeography

6. Soils and Vegetation

    • Soil formation and classification
    • Soil properties and fertility
    • Types of vegetation
    • Human impacts on soils and vegetation

7. Environmental Issues and Sustainability

    • Natural hazards
    • Environmental degradation
    • Sustainable resource management
    • Conservation strategies

Teaching Methods

  • Lectures: Covering theoretical aspects of physical geography.
  • Laboratory Sessions: Hands-on activities and experiments.
  • Field Trips: Observations and data collection in natural settings.
  • Assignments and Projects: Research and application of concepts.
  • Discussion Sessions: In-depth exploration of specific topics and current events.

Assessment

  • Examinations: Mid-term and final exams to evaluate understanding of course material.
  • Quizzes: Regular short tests to reinforce learning.
  • Lab Reports: Documentation of laboratory activities and findings.
  • Field Trip Reports: Analysis and reflection on field observations.
  • Projects: In-depth studies on selected topics, presented as written reports or presentations.

Textbooks and Reading Materials

  • Primary Textbook:
    • “Geosystems: An Introduction to Physical Geography” by Robert W. Christopherson
  • Supplementary Readings:
    • Academic journals
    • Relevant articles
    • Online resources provided through the university’s digital library

Additional Resources

  • Online Learning Platform: Course materials, lecture notes, and additional readings will be available on the university’s online learning platform.
  • Library Access: Students have access to the university library for additional resources and research materials.

Prerequisites

  • No prior knowledge of geography is required.
  • A basic understanding of natural sciences is beneficial.

Course Schedule

  • Week 1-2: Introduction to Physical Geography
  • Week 3-5: Earth’s Structure and Landforms
  • Week 6-8: Weather and Climate
  • Week 9-10: Hydrology
  • Week 11-12: Biogeography
  • Week 13-14: Soils and Vegetation
  • Week 15: Environmental Issues and Sustainability
  • Week 16: Review and Final Exam

This course is designed to provide students with a solid foundation in physical geography, preparing them for further studies in geography, environmental science, and related fields.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

The Environmental Science Principles course aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the fundamental principles governing environmental systems and the impact of human activities on these systems. This course integrates principles from various disciplines, including biology, chemistry, geology, and physics, to address environmental issues and develop sustainable solutions.

Course Objectives

  1. Understand Key Environmental Concepts:

    • Ecosystems and biodiversity
    • Biogeochemical cycles
    • Energy flow in natural systems

2. Analyze Human Impacts on the Environment:

    • Pollution and waste management
    • Climate change and its effects
    • Resource extraction and land use

3. Evaluate Environmental Policies and Management Strategies:

    • Environmental legislation and regulations
    • Sustainable development practices
    • Conservation strategies

4. Develop Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills:

    • Interdisciplinary approach to environmental issues
    • Data analysis and interpretation
    • Case studies and real-world applications

Course Outline

Module 1: Introduction to Environmental Science

  • Definition and scope
  • Historical perspective
  • Scientific method in environmental studies

Module 2: Ecosystems and Biodiversity

  • Structure and function of ecosystems
  • Species interactions and biodiversity
  • Ecosystem services and conservation

Module 3: Biogeochemical Cycles

  • Water, carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycles
  • Human alterations of natural cycles
  • Implications for ecosystem health

Module 4: Energy in Environmental Systems

  • Laws of thermodynamics
  • Energy flow in ecosystems
  • Renewable and non-renewable energy resources

Module 5: Human Population Dynamics

  • Population growth and environmental impact
  • Carrying capacity and ecological footprint
  • Urbanization and land use changes

Module 6: Pollution and Waste Management

  • Types and sources of pollution
  • Impact on air, water, and soil quality
  • Waste treatment and recycling strategies

Module 7: Climate Change

  • Causes and evidence of climate change
  • Impacts on ecosystems and human societies
  • Mitigation and adaptation strategies

Module 8: Natural Resource Management

  • Sustainable use of natural resources
  • Forests, fisheries, and wildlife management
  • Soil and water conservation

Module 9: Environmental Policy and Ethics

  • Major environmental laws and regulations
  • Role of government and non-governmental organizations
  • Ethical considerations in environmental decision-making

Module 10: Sustainable Development

  • Principles of sustainability
  • Sustainable agriculture and green technologies
  • Case studies in sustainable development

Assessment Methods

  • Quizzes and Exams: Test understanding of key concepts and principles.
  • Assignments: Research projects, essays, and case study analyses.
  • Laboratory Work: Practical experiments and data collection.
  • Group Projects: Collaborative projects addressing real-world environmental issues.
  • Class Participation: Involvement in discussions and debates on environmental topics.

Recommended Reading and Resources

  • Textbooks:
    • “Environmental Science: A Global Concern” by William P. Cunningham and Mary Ann Cunningham
    • “Principles of Environmental Science: Inquiry and Applications” by William P. Cunningham and Mary Ann Cunningham
  • Journals:

    • Environmental Science & Technology
    • Journal of Environmental Management
    • Conservation Biology
  • Online Resources:

    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) website
    • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
    • National Geographic’s Environment section

Additional Activities

  • Field Trips: Visits to natural reserves, waste treatment facilities, and renewable energy plants.
  • Guest Lectures: Talks by environmental scientists, policymakers, and activists.
  • Workshops: Hands-on activities on topics like composting, water quality testing, and renewable energy technologies.

Prerequisites

  • Basic understanding of biology, chemistry, and earth sciences is recommended but not required.

This course is designed to inspire and equip students with the knowledge and skills necessary to address current and future environmental challenges.

A climatology course typically covers a broad range of topics related to the study of climate, its variability, and impacts. Here’s an overview of what a typical climatology course might include:

Course Outline

  1. Introduction to Climatology

    • Definition and scope of climatology
    • Difference between weather and climate
    • Historical development of climatology

2. Fundamentals of the Earth’s Climate System

    • Components of the climate system: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, biosphere
    • Energy balance and the greenhouse effect
    • Atmospheric composition and structure
    • Solar radiation and the Earth’s energy budget

3. Atmospheric Circulation

    • General circulation of the atmosphere
    • Wind systems: trade winds, westerlies, polar easterlies
    • Jet streams and monsoons
    • Ocean currents and their influence on climate

4. Climate Classification

    • Köppen climate classification
    • Thornthwaite system
    • Other climate classification systems
    • Regional climates

5. Climate Change and Variability

    • Natural climate variability: El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)
    • Historical climate change: ice ages, interglacial periods
    • Anthropogenic climate change: evidence, causes, and projections
    • Impacts of climate change: sea level rise, extreme weather events, biodiversity loss

6. Paleoclimatology

    • Methods of studying past climates: ice cores, tree rings, sediment cores, coral reefs
    • Major paleoclimatic events: Medieval Warm Period, Little Ice Age

7. Climate Modeling and Prediction

    • Types of climate models: global climate models (GCMs), regional climate models (RCMs)
    • Model components and processes
    • Scenario development and prediction

8. Human Interaction with Climate

    • Climate impacts on agriculture, water resources, health, and ecosystems
    • Mitigation and adaptation strategies
    • International climate policy: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement

9. Field Methods in Climatology

    • Data collection and analysis
    • Use of satellites and remote sensing
    • Climate data sources: weather stations, buoys, reanalysis datasets

10. Special Topics in Climatology

    • Urban climatology
    • Climate and energy
    • Climate and health
    • Socio-economic impacts of climate variability and change

Recommended Textbooks and Resources

  • Textbooks:

    • “Climatology” by Robert V. Rohli and Anthony J. Vega
    • “Fundamentals of Weather and Climate” by Robin McIlveen
    • “Global Physical Climatology” by Dennis L. Hartmann
  • Journals:

    • Journal of Climate
    • Climate Dynamics
    • The International Journal of Climatology
  • Websites:

    • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
    • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate Portal
    • NASA Earth Observatory

Practical Components

  • Lab Work:

    • Analyzing climate data using software tools (e.g., MATLAB, Python, R)
    • Modeling climate scenarios
    • Conducting fieldwork to measure atmospheric parameters
  • Projects and Assignments:

    • Case studies on climate impacts and adaptation
    • Research projects on specific climate phenomena
    • Presentations on current climate issues

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Understand the fundamental principles and components of the Earth’s climate system.
  • Analyze and interpret climatic data and models.
  • Assess the impacts of climate variability and change on natural and human systems.
  • Develop strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation.
  • Communicate climate science effectively to diverse audiences.

This structure provides a comprehensive framework for a climatology course, blending theoretical knowledge with practical skills and real-world applications.

Human Geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the relationships between people and their environments, both natural and built. It examines how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can impact people. The study of human geography can be divided into several key areas:

1. Population Geography

  • Demography: Study of population statistics, such as birth rates, death rates, age distribution, and migration patterns.
  • Population Density: Distribution of people across the earth and factors influencing this distribution.

2. Cultural Geography

  • Cultural Landscapes: How culture shapes the physical landscape.
  • Cultural Diffusion: The spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group to another.
  • Language, Religion, and Ethnicity: Examines the spatial distribution and impacts of language, religion, and ethnic groups.

3. Economic Geography

  • Agricultural and Rural Geography: Study of farming practices, rural land use, and the economic implications of agriculture.
  • Industrial Geography: Location and spatial distribution of industries and their economic impacts.
  • Services and Development: Distribution of services, urban development, and the global economy.

4. Political Geography

  • Geopolitics: Influence of geography on political actions and relations.
  • Territoriality: Study of how people use space to assert control and maintain boundaries.
  • Globalization: Effects of globalization on local and global political structures.

5. Urban Geography

  • Urbanization: Study of the growth of cities and the migration of people into urban areas.
  • Urban Form and Function: Structure and organization of cities and the services they provide.
  • Urban Planning: Strategies for managing urban growth and development.

6. Environmental Geography

  • Human-Environment Interaction: How human activities affect the environment and vice versa.
  • Sustainability: Practices aimed at reducing environmental impacts and promoting sustainable development.
  • Climate Change: Human impacts on climate and the resulting geographical changes.

7. Social Geography

  • Socioeconomic Inequalities: Distribution of wealth, education, and health across different regions.
  • Social Networks and Mobility: Patterns of social connections and movements of people.
  • Gender and Geography: Spatial patterns related to gender and the impact of gender roles on geography.

Key Concepts and Theories

  • Space and Place: Understanding the significance of location and spatial relationships.
  • Scale: The levels of analysis in human geography, from local to global.
  • Regionalization: The process of dividing space into regions for analysis.
  • Spatial Interaction: How and why people, goods, and ideas move from one place to another.

Methodologies

  • Qualitative Methods: Interviews, ethnographies, and case studies.
  • Quantitative Methods: Statistical analysis, surveys, and spatial data analysis.
  • Geospatial Technologies: Use of GIS (Geographic Information Systems), remote sensing, and cartography to analyze spatial data.

Course Structure: A typical Human Geography course may include the following components:

  • Lectures: Covering theoretical and conceptual frameworks.
  • Readings: From textbooks and academic journals.
  • Case Studies: Real-world examples illustrating key concepts.
  • Fieldwork: Practical experience in applying geographic methods.
  • Assignments: Essays, research papers, and projects.
  • Examinations: Testing knowledge and understanding of course material.

Recommended Textbooks

  • “Human Geography: People, Place, and Culture” by Erin H. Fouberg, Alexander B. Murphy, and H. J. de Blij.
  • “The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography” by James M. Rubenstein.
  • “An Introduction to Human Geography” by Peter Daniels et al.

Studying human geography provides valuable insights into the complex interactions between humans and their environments, informing policy-making, urban planning, environmental management, and various other fields.

  • Academic writing can be very different from other types of written English. This course has been developed to help you learn the basics of academic writing and develop your English language skills.

    You’ll develop some proficiency in key areas of ‘academic’ grammar, learn about the stages in essay writing, and produce an essay of your own. You’ll also explore how to organise an essay, write in an academic style, and use tools to evaluate your own writing and other learners’ writing, so that by the end of the course you’re able to write a good, basic academic essay.

This course focuses on the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia such as human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law, justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature, executive and an independent judiciary, in order to ensure accountability.

Course Description: This course provides an in-depth examination of the spatial patterns of biological diversity across the Earth, the processes that drive these patterns, and the impacts of environmental change. It integrates concepts from ecology, geography, evolution, and geology to explore how life is distributed and how it changes over time. Topics include species distribution, ecological niches, biomes, island biogeography, and the effects of climate change on biodiversity.

Course Objectives: By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Describe the historical development of biogeography as a discipline.
  2. Explain the factors influencing the distribution of species and ecosystems.
  3. Analyze patterns of biodiversity and endemism.
  4. Evaluate the principles of island biogeography.
  5. Discuss the impact of climate change and human activities on species distribution.
  6. Utilize GIS and other tools to map and analyze biogeographical data.

Prerequisites:

  • Basic knowledge of biology and ecology.
  • Familiarity with geographic information systems (GIS) is beneficial but not required.

Course Outline:

Week 1: Introduction to Biogeography

  • Definition and scope of biogeography
  • Historical development
  • Key concepts and terms

Week 2: Patterns of Biodiversity

  • Global patterns of species richness
  • Latitudinal gradients in diversity
  • Biodiversity hotspots

Week 3: Ecological Niches and Species Distribution

  • Niche theory
  • Environmental gradients and species ranges
  • Modeling species distributions

Week 4: Evolutionary Processes in Biogeography

  • Speciation and extinction
  • Phylogeography
  • Vicariance and dispersal

Week 5: Island Biogeography

  • The theory of island biogeography
  • Species-area relationships
  • Case studies of island ecosystems

Week 6: Continental Drift and Biogeographical Patterns

  • Plate tectonics and historical biogeography
  • Continental drift and species distribution
  • Paleobiogeography

Week 7: Biomes and Ecosystems

  • Major terrestrial and aquatic biomes
  • Biogeographical classification of ecosystems
  • Biome-specific case studies

Week 8: Human Impacts on Biogeography

  • Habitat destruction and fragmentation
  • Invasive species
  • Conservation biogeography

Week 9: Climate Change and Biogeography

  • Effects of past climate change on species distribution
  • Predicting future changes
  • Mitigation and adaptation strategies

Week 10: Biogeographical Methods and Tools

  • Remote sensing and GIS in biogeography
  • Data sources and analysis techniques
  • Practical applications and case studies

Week 11: Field Methods in Biogeography

  • Designing biogeographical surveys
  • Field sampling techniques
  • Data collection and analysis

Week 12: Case Studies in Biogeography

  • Detailed examination of specific biogeographical studies
  • Discussion and critical analysis
  • Student presentations

Week 13: Emerging Topics in Biogeography

  • Novel ecosystems
  • Biogeographical implications of synthetic biology
  • Future directions in biogeography research

Week 14: Review and Synthesis

  • Integration of course concepts
  • Review sessions
  • Final project preparation

Week 15: Final Projects and Presentations

  • Student presentations of final projects
  • Peer review and discussion
  • Course wrap-up and evaluation

Assessment Methods:

  • Weekly quizzes and assignments (30%)
  • Mid-term exam (20%)
  • Final exam (20%)
  • Final project and presentation (30%)

Textbooks and Recommended Reading:

  • Primary Textbook: Lomolino, M. V., Riddle, B. R., & Brown, J. H. (2017). Biogeography. Sinauer Associates.
  • Additional Readings: Articles and book chapters from primary literature will be assigned throughout the course.

Course Policies:

  • Attendance: Regular attendance and participation are expected.
  • Late Assignments: Late assignments will be penalized unless prior arrangements are made.
  • Academic Integrity: Students are expected to adhere to [Institution]’s academic integrity policy.

This course will provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the factors that influence the distribution of life on Earth and prepare them for further study or careers in ecology, conservation, and related fields.

Remote sensing is a technology used to gather information about objects or areas from a distance, typically using satellites or aircraft. A course on remote sensing typically covers a variety of topics and skills. Here is an outline of what such a course might include:

Course Overview:

Introduction to Remote Sensing

  • Definition and history of remote sensing
  • Overview of applications in various fields (e.g., agriculture, forestry, urban planning, environmental monitoring)

Fundamentals of Electromagnetic Radiation

  • Electromagnetic spectrum
  • Radiation laws and principles
  • Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with the atmosphere and Earth’s surface

Remote Sensing Platforms and Sensors

  • Types of platforms (satellites, aircraft, drones)
  • Sensor types (optical, thermal, radar, LiDAR)
  • Sensor characteristics (resolution, spectral bands, swath width)

Data Acquisition and Processing

  • Image acquisition and pre-processing (radiometric and geometric corrections)
  • Data formats and storage
  • Introduction to remote sensing software (e.g., ENVI, ERDAS, QGIS)

Image Interpretation and Analysis

  • Visual interpretation techniques
  • Digital image processing (image enhancement, classification, change detection)
  • Introduction to machine learning techniques in remote sensing

Applications of Remote Sensing

  • Land cover and land use mapping
  • Environmental monitoring (deforestation, urban sprawl, climate change)
  • Agriculture (crop monitoring, soil moisture estimation)
  • Disaster management (floods, wildfires, earthquakes)

Advanced Topics

  • Hyperspectral remote sensing
  • SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) technology
  • Remote sensing for water resources
  • Remote sensing and GIS integration

Practical Sessions and Projects

  • Hands-on exercises with remote sensing software
  • Case studies and real-world applications
  • Group projects and individual research projects

Learning Outcomes:

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Understand the basic principles of remote sensing and its applications.
  • Operate remote sensing software for data analysis.
  • Interpret and analyze remote sensing data.
  • Apply remote sensing techniques to solve real-world problems.

Suggested Resources:

  • Textbooks:
    • “Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation” by Thomas M. Lillesand, Ralph W. Kiefer, and Jonathan W. Chipman
    • “Introduction to Remote Sensing” by James B. Campbell and Randolph H. Wynne
  • Online Courses and Tutorials:
  • Software:
    • ENVI
    • ERDAS Imagine
    • QGIS with remote sensing plugins

Prerequisites:

A basic understanding of geography, physics, and computer science would be beneficial for this course.

Would you like more detailed information on any specific section or have any other questions about remote sensing?

The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) course at Ramaas University would likely cover a range of topics essential for understanding and applying GIS technology. While I don’t have specific details about the course at Ramaas University, a typical GIS course usually includes the following key areas:

Course Overview

Introduction to GIS

  • Definition and history of GIS
  • Components of GIS: hardware, software, data, people, and methods
  • Applications of GIS in various fields such as urban planning, environmental management, and disaster response

GIS Data

  • Types of GIS data: spatial (geometric) and attribute (descriptive)
  • Data models: vector and raster
  • Sources of GIS data: satellite imagery, aerial photography, GPS, and surveys
  • Data collection and data entry techniques

Spatial Analysis

  • Spatial relationships and spatial data structures
  • Querying spatial data
  • Overlay analysis, buffering, and spatial interpolation
  • Network analysis and location-allocation modeling

Cartography and Map Design

  • Principles of cartographic design
  • Map projections and coordinate systems
  • Symbolization, color theory, and layout design
  • Thematic mapping and data visualization techniques

GIS Software and Tools

  • Overview of popular GIS software (e.g., ArcGIS, QGIS)
  • Basic and advanced functionalities of GIS software
  • Data management and database integration
  • Customization and scripting with GIS (e.g., Python for ArcGIS)

Practical Applications and Case Studies

  • Real-world applications and projects using GIS
  • Case studies from different industries
  • Ethical considerations in GIS and data privacy issues

Lab and Field Work

  • Hands-on experience with GIS software
  • Field data collection using GPS and mobile GIS applications
  • Practical assignments and project work to solve real-world problems

Additional Course Elements

Prerequisites:

  • Basic knowledge of geography and statistics
  • Familiarity with computer systems and software applications

Assessment:

  • Examinations and quizzes
  • Practical assignments and projects
  • Participation in lab and field work

Learning Outcomes:

  • Understanding the fundamental concepts and techniques of GIS
  • Ability to collect, analyze, and interpret spatial data
  • Proficiency in using GIS software for various applications
  • Development of skills to design and produce maps and other GIS outputs

Recommended Resources

  • Textbooks on GIS principles and practices
  • Online tutorials and forums for software-specific learning
  • Access to GIS datasets and libraries for practice

If you have specific questions about the GIS course at Ramaas University or need details such as the syllabus, instructors, and enrollment procedures, it would be best to contact the university’s geography or environmental science department directly.

Year 3

In this subject, you will gain a basic understanding of the main international organisations created since the birth of this new subject – public international law – in the 19th century: the United Nations (UN), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), etc.

The Urban and Regional Planning course at Ramaas University likely covers a range of topics related to the planning, development, and management of urban and regional areas. Here are some typical areas that might be covered in such a course:

  1. Urban Development and Management: Understanding the growth of cities, urbanization processes, and the challenges associated with urban development.

  2. Land Use Planning: Techniques and principles for allocating land for different purposes such as residential, commercial, industrial, and recreational uses.

  3. Transportation Planning: Designing efficient transportation systems that cater to the needs of urban and regional populations, including public transit, road networks, and pedestrian pathways.

  4. Environmental Planning: Strategies to mitigate environmental impacts of urban development, including sustainability practices, green infrastructure, and waste management.

  5. Economic Development: Promoting economic growth and development within urban and regional contexts, including strategies for attracting investment and fostering entrepreneurship.

  6. Community Development: Engaging with local communities to understand their needs and aspirations, and involving them in the planning process.

  7. Policy and Governance: Understanding the role of government policies, regulations, and governance structures in shaping urban and regional development.

  8. Spatial Analysis and GIS: Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial analysis techniques to analyze and visualize spatial data for planning purposes.

  9. Urban Design: Principles of urban design, including creating attractive and functional urban spaces that enhance quality of life for residents.

  10. Case Studies and Practicum: Examining real-world examples and case studies of successful (or unsuccessful) urban and regional planning projects, and potentially engaging in practical projects or internships.

These topics together provide a comprehensive understanding of how cities and regions are planned, developed, and managed to ensure sustainable and equitable growth. Each university may have its own specific focus areas or elective courses within the broader field of urban and regional planning.

The Environmental Management and Policy course typically covers a range of topics related to environmental issues, sustainability, and policy-making. Here are some key aspects that such a course might include:

  1. Environmental Issues: Understanding the major environmental challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, and resource depletion.

  2. Policy and Governance: Examining how environmental policies are developed, implemented, and evaluated at local, national, and international levels. This includes regulatory frameworks, incentives, and market-based approaches.

  3. Sustainability: Exploring concepts and strategies for achieving sustainable development, including the balance between economic growth, environmental protection, and social equity.

  4. Natural Resource Management: Studying how natural resources (water, forests, minerals, etc.) are managed sustainably, considering factors like conservation, extraction, and ecosystem services.

  5. Environmental Law: Reviewing the legal frameworks that govern environmental protection, including treaties, regulations, and the role of international organizations.

  6. Environmental Economics: Analyzing the economic aspects of environmental issues, such as cost-benefit analysis, externalities, and the valuation of natural resources.

  7. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Examining the role of businesses in environmental management, including strategies for integrating environmental concerns into corporate decision-making.

  8. Case Studies and Practical Applications: Studying real-world examples of successful (or unsuccessful) environmental management and policy initiatives.

  9. Ethics and Stakeholder Engagement: Considering ethical dimensions of environmental decision-making and the involvement of various stakeholders, including communities, NGOs, and industry.

  10. Global Perspectives: Understanding how environmental issues and policies vary across different regions and cultures, and the importance of global cooperation in addressing environmental challenges.

Courses in Environmental Management and Policy are often interdisciplinary, drawing on fields such as environmental science, political science, economics, sociology, and law. They aim to equip students with the knowledge and skills needed to address complex environmental problems and contribute to sustainable development.

 
 
3.5
  • The Geospatial Technologies course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of spatial data analysis, geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing, and their applications across various disciplines. The course typically covers:

    1. Fundamentals of GIS: Introduction to geographic information systems, spatial data types, data models, and coordinate systems.

    2. Remote Sensing: Principles of remote sensing, satellite imagery interpretation, and applications in environmental monitoring, urban planning, agriculture, etc.

    3. Spatial Analysis: Techniques for spatial data analysis, including spatial statistics, interpolation, overlay analysis, and network analysis.

    4. Geospatial Data Management: Database design and management for spatial data, data integration, and interoperability.

    5. Applications of Geospatial Technologies: Case studies and practical applications in fields such as natural resource management, disaster response, transportation planning, and public health.

    6. Advanced Topics: Depending on the program, advanced topics may include web GIS, geospatial modeling, spatial decision support systems, and emerging technologies like UAV (drone) applications.

    7. Hands-on Training: Practical sessions using GIS software (e.g., ArcGIS, QGIS) and remote sensing tools to analyze real-world spatial datasets.

    Ramaas University likely emphasizes both theoretical knowledge and practical skills, preparing students for careers in geospatial analysis, urban planning, environmental science, forestry, and other related fields. Students may also have opportunities for internships or projects with industry partners to gain real-world experience.

In this subject, you will acquire the necessary knowledge about international and European environmental law. Through practical application, you will learn about the most important international agreements, regulations and environmental guidelines and the future challenges they entail, among other topics.

In this subject, you will gain a deeper understanding of administrative law, with a focus on public administration. We will study the activities of public administrations and their main constituent entities, which are endowed with certain powers that give them a position of superiority with regard to citizens, so that they can effectively serve the general interest.

From a theoretical and practical perspective, this subject will provide an introduction to the reality of diplomatic and consular relations, ad hoc diplomacy, relations with other subjects of international law, and agents and officials of international organisations.

  • This course offers a general introduction to the World International Trade Law (WTO Law), EU-law, Africa and the other parts of the world. Exploring the structure, principles and main WTO Agreements shaping international trade within the WTO will provide the students with a birds-eye view to international trade framework in general. The study of the relationship between WTO and EU will consist of the analysis of the status of the EU in the WTO, and the legal effect of WTO law in the EU.
  • Choosing between a work placement and a study option course depends on several factors, including your career goals, learning style, industry standards, and personal preferences. You’ll have the option to study or do a work placement. Not only will this give you an amazing experience to talk about but will also give your CV a boost.

     This offers you the opportunity to enhance your study and CV with a work placement. It’s a chance to explore career possibilities, make valuable contacts and gain sought after professional skills.

    – This is an important component of Ramaas University degrees, work placements help you to build academic expertise as well as to gain real-world experience. You’ll receive credit for your efforts, and you’ll learn the extra transferable skills needed to excel in your chosen career. You’ll also develop your ability to deal with pressure and hit crucial deadlines. All of which will make you stand out against the competition and impress employers when you graduate.

    – Ultimately, the decision between a work placement and a study option course should be based on your individual career objectives, learning preferences, and the specific opportunities available in your field. If possible, seek advice, other professionals, academic advisors to make an informed decision.

Year 4

This course in the Academic English: Writing specialization, and it is a more advanced writing course. It will help you raise the level of your writing and make you more aware of the type of writing you can expect in college. You’ll learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it using correct MLA citations. Also, you’ll learn to write a synthesis essay, which will help develop your critical thinking skills. Finally, you’ll write a documented essay, which will help further enhance your skill of using outside sources in your writing.

  • Advanced Argument Essays

In the previous class, you learned about writing argument essays. Here you’re going to learn how to make your essays more academic by writing more body paragraphs and adding support from outside sources. You will write a new argument essay, and since you already know how to write an argument, this will be a good way to practice using sources.

  • Avoiding Plagiarism

The topic of this module is very important for you to know about before you start taking college classes. Plagiarism is a kind of academic dishonesty that gets students into big trouble or even gets them dismissed from school. In this module, you will learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

  • Synthesis Essay

In classes, you will often be asked to read several articles and write an essay about an idea you form from reading the articles. This kind of essay is called a synthesis essay. In this module, you will be given two lists of articles to choose from. You will need to read the articles on your list and then write a synthesis essay. You will use sources from the articles to support your own ideas.

  • Documented Essay

In this course, you will start using the Internet to find your own outside sources to support your ideas. You will also try to write a longer essay than you have before. This module will give your more practice using quotes and paraphrase in your essay, and you will learn to use a Works Cited page to list your sources.

  • The Conservation Biology course at Ramaas University typically covers a range of topics aimed at understanding and preserving biodiversity. Here are some common themes and subjects that might be covered in such a course:

    1. Introduction to Conservation Biology: Overview of the field, its importance, and the history of conservation efforts.

    2. Biodiversity: Understanding biodiversity patterns, hotspots, and the factors influencing biodiversity loss.

    3. Population Ecology: Principles of population dynamics, growth models, and conservation genetics.

    4. Community Ecology: Interactions between species, ecological niches, and community structure in the context of conservation.

    5. Habitat Conservation: Principles of habitat management and restoration, landscape ecology, and connectivity conservation.

    6. Threats to Biodiversity: Identification and analysis of major threats such as habitat destruction, climate change, invasive species, pollution, and overexploitation.

    7. Conservation Strategies: Conservation laws and policies, protected areas management, sustainable development, and the role of NGOs and government agencies.

    8. Conservation Genetics: Genetic diversity, inbreeding depression, and genetic rescue in conservation biology.

    9. Ethics and Conservation: Ethical considerations in conservation decision-making, including conflicts between conservation goals and human activities.

    10. Case Studies: Examination of successful and unsuccessful conservation efforts worldwide, and lessons learned from these case studies.

    11. Fieldwork and Practical Skills: Hands-on experience in field methods, data collection, and analysis relevant to conservation biology.

    12. Emerging Issues in Conservation: Current research topics and emerging challenges in conservation biology, such as the impact of emerging diseases or technological advancements.

    The course at Ramaas University is likely to combine theoretical knowledge with practical applications to prepare students for careers in conservation research, policy-making, and management. Students may also have opportunities for internships or fieldwork to gain firsthand experience in conservation practices.

Sustainable development is a crucial concept that integrates economic, environmental, and social considerations to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. A course on sustainable development typically covers a wide range of topics, including:

  1. Introduction to Sustainable Development: Understanding the basic principles, history, and evolution of sustainable development as a concept.

  2. Environmental Sustainability: Examining issues such as climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, and resource depletion, and exploring strategies for conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

  3. Social Sustainability: Addressing topics like social equity, human rights, community development, and the impacts of development on marginalized groups.

  4. Economic Sustainability: Analyzing the intersection of economic growth, poverty reduction, and sustainable resource management, including sustainable business practices.

  5. Policy and Governance: Exploring the role of governments, international organizations, and stakeholders in promoting sustainable development through policies, regulations, and partnerships.

  6. Case Studies and Best Practices: Studying real-world examples of successful sustainable development initiatives across various sectors and regions.

  7. Challenges and Future Trends: Discussing current challenges to sustainable development, such as globalization, urbanization, and technological change, and forecasting future trends in sustainability.

  8. Tools and Metrics: Learning about tools and indicators used to measure sustainability performance, such as life cycle assessment, carbon footprinting, and sustainability reporting.

Courses on sustainable development are often interdisciplinary, drawing on fields such as environmental science, economics, sociology, political science, and business. They aim to equip students with the knowledge and skills needed to address complex sustainability challenges and contribute to creating a more sustainable future.

  • Environmental Policy and Law is a field of study that explores the legal frameworks and policies designed to address environmental issues and promote sustainability. This course typically covers a range of topics such as:

    1. Introduction to Environmental Law: Understanding the basics of environmental law, its history, and its evolution over time.

    2. International Environmental Law: Examining treaties, agreements, and conventions that govern environmental issues on a global scale, such as the Paris Agreement or the Kyoto Protocol.

    3. Domestic Environmental Law: Studying the laws and regulations specific to a particular country or region, including environmental statutes, regulations, and administrative frameworks.

    4. Environmental Policy: Analyzing how policies are formulated, implemented, and evaluated to address environmental challenges. This may include case studies of successful or controversial policies.

    5. Environmental Justice: Exploring the intersection of environmental issues with social justice, examining how environmental policies can affect different communities disproportionately.

    6. Natural Resource Management: Understanding legal principles related to the use, conservation, and management of natural resources such as water, land, forests, and minerals.

    7. Climate Change Law: Focusing on legal responses to climate change, including mitigation strategies, adaptation measures, and the legal obligations of states and corporations.

    8. Enforcement and Compliance: Discussing mechanisms for enforcing environmental laws, monitoring compliance, and addressing violations.

    9. Ethics and Sustainability: Considering ethical dilemmas in environmental decision-making and exploring sustainable development principles.

    10. Emerging Issues: Addressing new challenges in environmental law and policy, such as biodiversity loss, pollution from emerging technologies, and the intersection of human rights with environmental protection.

    Courses in Environmental Policy and Law often combine theoretical knowledge with practical skills such as legal analysis, policy advocacy, and regulatory compliance. They may also involve case studies, guest lectures from practitioners, and opportunities for students to engage with real-world environmental issues through projects or internships.

  • This course examines how democratization projects in Somalia and around the world succeed or fail and the international dynamics that flow from that success/failure. International threats that emerge from the problems and flaws of implementation are investigated in depth. Case studies are used as teaching tools about international involvement and difficulties with that engagement. This upper-division course aims to make students competent in the long-term national security objectives of establishing peaceful, stable, and prosperous democracies and aware of the problems in accomplishing that goal.
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) can be quite intriguing! Here are some key aspects typically covered in such courses:

    1. Introduction to EIA: Understanding the purpose, scope, and importance of EIA in development projects.

    2. Legal and Regulatory Framework: Learning about the national and international laws and regulations that govern EIA processes.

    3. EIA Process: Exploring the step-by-step procedures involved in conducting an EIA, from scoping to monitoring and auditing.

    4. Impact Identification and Assessment: Techniques for identifying potential environmental, social, and economic impacts of proposed projects.

    5. Mitigation and Enhancement Measures: Strategies to minimize negative impacts and enhance positive ones through mitigation and enhancement measures.

    6. Public Participation: Importance of involving stakeholders and the public in the EIA process, including consultation and feedback mechanisms.

    7. Case Studies: Examining real-world examples of EIAs across various sectors (e.g., energy, infrastructure, mining) to understand practical applications and challenges.

    8. Environmental Management Plans: Developing plans to manage and monitor impacts throughout the project lifecycle.

    9. Emerging Issues: Addressing contemporary issues such as climate change adaptation, sustainability, and cumulative impacts in EIAs.

    10. EIA Reports and Decision-Making: Understanding how EIA findings influence decision-making processes and project approvals.

    Courses often blend theoretical knowledge with practical exercises, case studies, and sometimes fieldwork to provide a holistic understanding of EIA processes and their role in sustainable development. If you’re taking such a course, diving into these areas will give you a solid foundation in Environmental Impact Assessment!

  • Bachelor of Geography and Environmental Science Dissertation Project is a compulsory final project. It is a research-based project of 10,000 words. This module provides you with the opportunity to choose a research topic that you are especially interested in and work on your own initiative. It allows you the freedom of independent study under the guidance of your supervisor, to undertake research on a specific topic, and to enhance your ability to master appropriate primary and secondary materials. This is your chance to develop a range of valuable skills different from those you have already gained from your undergraduate degree such as researching, planning, writing well, thinking analytically, synthesizing complicated information, and organizing your time. It can also play an important role in showing a potential employer that you are able to work independently, plan a bigger project, collect information, and find the answer to any specific problem.

Admission Requirements:

Document Requirements:

  • You will be required to submit the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this bachelor’s degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current secondary school, then you can still apply and you can provide your High School Certificate at a later date.

Your Secondary’s or University Certificate and Transcript:

  • Upload your secondary school’s certificate or university’s certificate and a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your high school (s) (original) or university if you are planning to earn double bachelor degree.

Personal Statement:

  • A photo passport and a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular bachelor’s degree programme.

You can apply and upload documents here

Study information

start:15 September – Campus
10 October – Online studies
10 January – Online studies
15 February – Campus

 

Place of Study:

Mogadishu Campus or Online Studies

Application fee: $35

Semester fee: $250

Application Deadline:Continuous recording. Applications are processed in the order in which they are received.
Duration:4 years full-time (campus and online studies)
5 years part-time (online studies only)
Degree::Bachelor Degree (Professional Degree)
Credits:180

Programme Instructors

Abdijabaar Sh. Ahmed, PhD Candidate

Programme leader and Instructor

Foad Warsame Abdi

Co-programme Leader and Instructor

Dr. Maryama Hassan

Subject Instructor

Abdihakim Abdisalam

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Shirac

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Idle, PhD

Subject Instructor

Wafa W. Ahmed

Course Advisor and Graduation Policy.

Dr. Abdullahi Sh. Mubarak Rashid

Co-program Leader and Instructor

Rooda Mohamed

Subject Instructor

Samina Khan, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hawa Osman, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hassan Garaad

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 17 1010 hello@ramaas.edu.so

Kafiya Abdillahi

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 62 4444 admissions@ramaas.edu.so

Are you ready to take the next step towards your brighter future?

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The Admissions and Enrollment Management Office

Admission and Enrollments

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