Bachelor of Marine Geography

Bachelor of Marine Geography

A Bachelor of Marine Geography degree programme at Ramaas University focuses on the study of the Earth’s oceans and coastal environments from a geographical perspective. This interdisciplinary field combines elements of physical geography, oceanography, marine biology, and environmental science to understand marine processes, coastal dynamics, and human interactions with coastal and marine environments.

Your career options may include: marine biologist, environmental consultant, pollution control, fisheries and aquaculture, modelling and meteorology, oceanographer, coastal planning and marine parks, marine education and tourism, environmental assessment and planning.

This degree programme focuses on studying the physical aspects of the world’s oceans and seas, including their geography, geology, ecology, and human interactions. Our degree programme explores a unique mix of physical and environmental geography. You will study the science behind the relationship between society and the sea, and investigate global challenges like ocean acidification and rising sea levels. 

Bachelor of Marine Geography Curriculum

To obtain Bachelor of Marine Geography​ Degree, students are required to complete 180 credits. Courses may be taken on a full-time or part-time basis.

Foundation Year (Sanadka Aasaasiga)

Anagoo raacayso qorshaha Wasaaradda Waxbarashada, Hiddaha Iyo Tacliinta Sare Soomaaliya ee sanadka aas-aasaiga ah ee arday kasta laga doonaayo inuu qaato sanadka ugu horreeya ee jaamacadda, ayaa waxay Jaamacadda Ramaas kusoo dartay koorsada Luuqada Afka Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta. Ujeedka ay Jaamacadda ka leedahay ayaa ah in hab-qoraalka toolmoon ee afka Soomaaliga si fiican ardayga loo barro. Qoritaanka Af Soomaaligu waa uu ka duwan yahay dhihitaanka afka, ama waxa aynnu odhan karnaa hadalka caadiga ah iyo dhigaalku waa ay kala geddisan yihiin. Waana muhiim in ardayda si toosan afka Soomaaliga dhigaalkiisa saxda ah loo barro.

  • Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsada: Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsadan waa kuwa aqoon-duruqsan u leh qaab qoraalka afka Soomaaliya. Waxay bixin doonaan dulmar guud oo ku saabsan fikradaha iyo xirfadaha muhiimka ah ee qaab qoraalka toolmoon.
  • Cilmiga astaamaha qoraalka: Qoraaga aan waxba ka aqoon cilmiga astaamaynta qoraalka, ama astaan kasta aan dhigi karin booskeeda saxda ah, waxa uu la mid yahay askari aan wax ba ka aqoon cilmiga rididda qoriga, oo xabbad kasta aan ku dili karin qofkeeda cadowga ah.
  • Maxaad ku barran doontaa koorsadaan? waxaad ku barran doontaa sida saxda ah ee astaamaynta qoraalku, qeexid ahaan, calaamado kala muuqaal ah, kuwa loo adeegsado qoraalka, ujeedka ayaa ah in qoraalku si wacan loo akhrin karo erayadiisa, dhan kalena si uu u noqdo mid si cad loo fahmi karo ujeeddadiisa. Astaan la muuqaal ah astaan kale ma jirto. Tusaalle ahaan, astaanta joogsiga ( . ) waa mid ka muuqaal duwan astaanta joogsihakadka ( ; ). Sida oo kale, astaan la shaqo ah astaan kale ma jirto.
  • Suugaanta: Dhinaca kalle, koorsada waxaad ku barran doontaa hab-curinta suugaanta iyo macnayaasha guud ee ay xambaarsan yihiin.

Guud ahaan, ujeedka ay Jaamacadda Ramaas ka leedahay koorsadan ayaa ah in ardayda si fiican u bartaan qaab-qoraalka habboon, sixidda higgaadda erayada, sidoo kale dhowridda astaamaha iyo xeerarka dhigaalka, taasi oo qayb ka ah qoraalka. Taasina waa xil saaran qoraaga iyo tifaftiraha.

Civil Education and Civic Engagement course at Ramaas University would involve several key steps and components to ensure it effectively educates students on their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens. Here is a comprehensive outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices of civil education. It will cover topics such as civic responsibility, Somali government structure, civil rights and liberties, community involvement, and global citizenship. Through lectures, discussions, and hands-on projects, students will develop the skills and knowledge necessary to become informed and active participants in their communities and the broader society.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proactive and informed citizens, capable of contributing positively to their communities and society at large.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving course is designed to equip students with the essential skills of critical thinking and problem-solving. It focuses on developing the ability to analyze complex situations, identify problems, generate solutions, and make informed decisions. By the end of the course, students will be able to apply these skills in academic, professional, and everyday contexts.

Course Objectives:

Understand Critical Thinking:

– Define critical thinking and its importance.
– Identify the components and characteristics of a critical thinker.
– Recognize common logical fallacies and biases.

Develop Problem-Solving Skills:

– Understand different problem-solving strategies and techniques.
– Apply structured approaches to problem-solving.
– Develop creative and innovative solutions to problems.

Enhance Analytical Skills:

– Analyze and interpret data effectively.
– Use analytical tools to assess situations and make decisions.
– Evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information.

Improve Decision-Making:

– Apply decision-making models to real-life scenarios.
– Understand the role of ethics in decision-making.
– Reflect on personal decision-making styles and their effectiveness.

Final Course Assessment:

– Participation and contribution to class discussions.
– Group projects and presentations.
– Individual assignments and case study analyses.
– Final exam covering theoretical and practical aspects.

English 100 at Ramaas University is a foundational course designed to enhance students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical thinking. This course aims to build a strong foundation in English, equipping students with the necessary skills to succeed in their academic and professional pursuits.


The primary objectives of English 100 are to:

Develop effective reading strategies for comprehending and analyzing various texts.
Improve writing skills, focusing on clarity, coherence, and organization.
Enhance grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary usage.
Cultivate critical thinking and the ability to construct well-supported arguments.
Foster an appreciation for literature and diverse written forms.

Curriculum and Content

The curriculum for English 100 covers a broad range of topics and activities, including:

Reading Comprehension: Students will engage with a variety of texts, including essays, articles, short stories, and poems. Emphasis will be placed on identifying main ideas, supporting details, and themes.

Writing Skills: Instruction will focus on the writing process, from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students will learn to write different types of essays, such as narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays.

Grammar and Mechanics: Lessons will cover fundamental grammar rules, sentence structure, punctuation, and word usage. Regular exercises and quizzes will help reinforce these concepts.

Critical Thinking: Through class discussions, debates, and written assignments, students will practice analyzing texts and developing their own arguments.

Literature Appreciation: The course will introduce students to significant works of literature, exploring various genres and styles. This component aims to broaden students’ understanding and appreciation of literary art.

Teaching Methodology

English 100 employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and facilitate learning:

Lectures: Instructors will provide comprehensive overviews of key concepts and skills.
Group Work: Collaborative activities and peer reviews will encourage students to learn from each other and improve their communication skills.
Writing Workshops: These sessions will offer hands-on practice in writing and revising, with feedback from both peers and instructors.
Interactive Discussions: Class discussions on readings and relevant topics will promote critical thinking and active participation.
Assignments and Assessments: Regular homework assignments, essays, quizzes, and exams will help track students’ progress and understanding.

Resources and Support

Students enrolled in English 100 will have access to various resources and support services, including:

Library Access: Comprehensive library resources, including books, academic journals, and online databases, to support reading and research.
Office Hours: Instructors will be available during designated office hours to provide additional help and answer questions.
Ramaas Online Learning Platform: A digital platform where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and participate in online discussions.

Assessment and Grading

Assessment in English 100 will be based on a combination of:
– Written assignments and essays
– Quizzes and exams
– Class participation and attendance
– Group projects and presentations
– Peer reviews and feedback

Grading will reflect students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical analysis, as well as their effort and engagement in the course.

English 100 at Ramaas University is an essential course for students seeking to improve their English language skills and academic performance. By fostering a strong foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking, this course prepares students for future academic challenges and professional success.

  • Introduction to Arabic Language course at Ramaas University requires a well-structured curriculum that addresses the needs of beginners while progressively building up to more advanced skills. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:
This course provides an introduction to the Arabic language, covering the fundamentals of reading, writing, speaking, and understanding Arabic. It aims to equip students with basic communication skills and a foundational understanding of Arabic grammar and vocabulary. The course also introduces elements of Arabic culture to enhance language learning.

Course Objectives:
– Develop basic proficiency in reading and writing Arabic script.
– Acquire essential vocabulary and grammar for everyday communication.
– Build foundational skills in listening and speaking Arabic.
– Gain an understanding of key aspects of Arab world culture and society.
– Develop the ability to use Arabic in simple conversational contexts.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a foundational understanding of the Arabic language and the skills needed to continue their studies or use Arabic in basic conversational contexts.

  • The Introduction to Psychology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This course aims to introduce key concepts, theories, and research methods in psychology, offering insights into how psychological principles can be applied to various aspects of life.

    Course Objectives:

    – Foundation in Psychology: To introduce students to the fundamental concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Research Methods: To familiarize students with basic research methods used in psychological studies.
    – Application: To demonstrate how psychological principles can be applied to real situations.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical thinking skills through analysis and discussion of psychological concepts.
    – Awareness: To increase awareness of the various subfields within psychology

    Learning Outcomes:

    By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and describe key concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Apply psychological principles to everyday situations.
    – Analyze psychological research and critically evaluate findings.
    – Demonstrate knowledge of the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.
    – Discuss the ethical considerations in psychological research and practice.

  • The Introduction to Chemistry course at Ramaas University is structured to give students a thorough grounding in the fundamental principles and concepts of chemistry. This course serves as a foundation for advanced study in chemistry and related disciplines, providing essential knowledge and practical skills.

    Course Objectives:

    – Fundamental Principles: To introduce the basic principles and concepts of chemistry.
    – Scientific Method: To develop an understanding of the scientific method and its application in chemistry.
    – Practical Skills: To provide hands-on experience with laboratory techniques and safety procedures.
    – Preparation for Advanced Study: To prepare students for more advanced courses in chemistry and related fields.

    Learning Outcomes:

  • By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and explain the basic concepts and principles of chemistry.
    – Perform chemical calculations related to stoichiometry, gas laws, and solutions.
    – Apply the scientific method to design, conduct, and analyze experiments.
    – Demonstrate safe and proper laboratory techniques.
    – Interpret and analyze data to draw conclusions about chemical phenomena.

    For detailed information about the course schedule, syllabus, and specific requirements, students should refer to the course materials provided at the beginning of the semester and communicate with the instructor.

  • The foundation year in mathematics is a preparatory program designed to equip students with the essential knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a degree course in mathematics or a related field.

    Course Objectives

    To provide a solid grounding in key mathematical concepts and techniques for students who may not have the required qualifications or who need to strengthen their understanding before embarking on a full degree program.

    Develop Problem-Solving Skills: Foster analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities that are crucial for higher-level mathematics.

    Build Confidence: Help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities through a structured and supportive learning environment.

Introduction to Computers course at Ramaas University involves designing a curriculum that covers fundamental aspects of computer science and information technology. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course provides a comprehensive overview of computer systems and their applications. It covers the basic principles of hardware, software, and networks, along with an introduction to programming and data management. The course aims to equip students with the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers in academic, professional, and personal contexts.

Course Objectives:

– Understand the basic components and functions of a computer system.
– Understanding basic components of a computer (hardware and software)
– Introduction to operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
– Inside the computer: CPU, memory, storage devices
– Develop problem-solving skills using computer technology.
– Explore the ethical and social implications of computing.
– Fundamentals of cybersecurity (passwords, encryption, malware)
– Common software applications (word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software)

Assessment Methods:

Participation in class discussions and activities
– Quizzes and exams on course material
– Practical assignments and projects
– Group projects and presentations
Final Porject

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a solid foundation in computer science, enabling them to utilize computer technology effectively in their academic and professional pursuits.

  • In this course, students will learn how to identify goals as they grow naturally and learn strategies for facilitating the evolution of those objectives. Students will learn about concepts such as bootstrapping and different marketing techniques, as well as how to start a business from the ground up.
    • The overall goal of this course is for you to develop clear reasoning and writing skills. By the end of the course, you should be able to employ critical thinking and writing strategies in your other courses and in life.

    • After completion this course, students should be able to analyze different text types and genres distinguish between different stylistic levels, produce coherent texts in formal and informal English.

    • Your course grade is based on how well you develop your thinking and reasoning abilities and the knowledge and skills to write clearly and effectively. You will have many other opportunities to demonstrate your thinking and writing skills in a series of smaller or scaffolding assignments. These smaller assignments are vital to your success in learning how to follow the writing process to produce university-level writing.
  • This Introduction to Research Methodology course will provide you with a overview of the various research methods used when addressing a research question, including quantitative methods for analysing data, qualitative research, study design, literature review and how to write a scientific paper.

  • The main purpose of this ccourse is to provide you with a broad introduction to the methodological foundations and tools to study mass communications. But a secondary purpose is to convince you that the process of scientific discovery can be fun. Most of the semester will focus on the fundamentals of quantitative social
    science and applied research, although we will also explore qualitative research.

  • You will learn how to identify problems to study, develop hypotheses and research questions, specify independent and dependent variables, check for the validity and reliability of studies and design research projects. You will be exposed to the broad range of designs used in communication research from laboratory and field experiments, surveys, content analysis, focus groups and in-depth interviewing.

  • The Global Studies course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary program aimed at providing students with a deep understanding of global issues, cultures, and systems. Below is an outline of what such a course might encompass.

    This Global Studies course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to understand and engage with the complexities of the globalized world. The course integrates various disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, history, and cultural studies to provide a holistic view of global dynamics.

    Core Objectives of this course:

    – Interdisciplinary Approach: To blend insights from multiple disciplines for a nuanced understanding of global issues.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical analysis and problem-solving skills.
    – Cultural Competence: To foster an appreciation of diverse cultures and global perspectives.
    – Global Awareness: To raise awareness about global challenges such as inequality, climate change, human rights, and international relations.
    – Research Skills: To enhance students’ ability to conduct comprehensive research on global topics.

    Skills Developed:

    -Analytical and critical thinking
    – Effective communication and presentation
    – Research and data analysis
    – Cultural sensitivity and adaptability
    – Policy analysis and strategic planning


Year 2

This subject covers the fundamentals that will allow you to understand Somalia’s constitutional system and the nature of the Somali state. This course offers an introduction to Somali constitutional law. In addition to examining questions of interpretive method, the course focuses on the powers of the federal government and the allocation of decision making authority among government institutions, including both federalism and separation of powers.

Course Description: Marine Geography is a multidisciplinary field that explores the physical and biological aspects of the world’s oceans and seas. This course provides an introduction to the principles and concepts of marine geography, focusing on the spatial distribution of marine environments, the processes shaping marine landscapes, and the human impacts on marine ecosystems. Students will learn about the interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, coastal dynamics, marine resources, and conservation efforts.

Course Objectives:

  • Understand the basic principles and concepts of marine geography.
  • Explore the physical and biological processes that shape marine environments.
  • Analyze the spatial distribution of marine ecosystems and resources.
  • Examine the human impact on marine environments and the importance of sustainable management.
  • Develop skills in geographical data collection, analysis, and interpretation related to marine settings.

Course Structure: The course is divided into weekly modules, each focusing on different aspects of marine geography. Each module includes lectures, readings, practical exercises, and discussions.

Weekly Topics:

  1. Introduction to Marine Geography:
    • Definition and scope
    • Historical development
    • Importance and applications

2. Oceanic and Atmospheric Interactions:

    • Ocean circulation
    • Climate regulation
    • El Niño and La Niña phenomena

3. Marine Geology:

    • Seafloor spreading and plate tectonics
    • Marine sediments
    • Underwater landforms

4. Coastal Dynamics:

    • Coastal processes and landforms
    • Erosion and deposition
    • Coastal management

5. Marine Ecosystems:

    • Types of marine ecosystems
    • Biodiversity and biogeography
    • Coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrasses

6. Marine Resources:

    • Fisheries and aquaculture
    • Oil and gas exploration
    • Mineral resources

7. Human Impact on Marine Environments:

    • Pollution and marine debris
    • Overfishing and habitat destruction
    • Climate change and ocean acidification

8. Marine Conservation:

    • Marine protected areas
    • Conservation strategies
    • International policies and agreements

9. Marine Spatial Planning:

    • Tools and techniques
    • Case studies
    • Role of GIS in marine geography

10. Field Methods in Marine Geography:

    • Data collection techniques
    • Remote sensing and GIS applications
    • Fieldwork safety and ethics


  • Assignments: Weekly practical exercises and written assignments (30%)
  • Midterm Exam: Covering the first half of the course (20%)
  • Research Project: A detailed study on a specific marine geography topic (30%)
  • Final Exam: Comprehensive assessment of all course materials (20%)

Textbooks and Readings:

  • “Marine Geography: GIS for the Oceans and Seas” by Joe Breman
  • “Introduction to the World’s Oceans” by Keith A. Sverdrup and E. Virginia Armbrust
  • Selected research articles and case studies provided during the course

Course Policies:

  • Attendance and participation are mandatory.
  • Assignments must be submitted by the due date.
  • Academic integrity is expected in all coursework and assessments.

Additional Resources:

  • Online learning platform for accessing course materials and submitting assignments.
  • Access to university library and databases for research purposes.
  • Opportunities for field trips and hands-on experience in marine geography.


  • Basic understanding of geography and environmental science is recommended.

Target Audience:

    • This course is suitable for undergraduate students majoring in geography, environmental science, marine biology, and related fields. It is also open to anyone with an interest in marine environments and their conservation.

Physical Oceanography course offers an in-depth exploration of the physical processes and properties of the world’s oceans. Here is an overview of what a typical Physical Oceanography course might include:

Prerequisites: Introductory courses in general physics and calculus, basic understanding of oceanography.

Course Description

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical aspects of oceanography. Students will study the physical properties of seawater, ocean dynamics, and the various forces that drive ocean circulation and waves. The course will cover both theoretical concepts and practical applications, with a focus on understanding the fundamental physical processes that govern the behavior of the ocean.

Learning Objectives By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand and explain the physical properties of seawater.
  2. Describe the major ocean currents and the forces that drive them.
  3. Analyze wave dynamics and tidal processes.
  4. Understand the principles of ocean-atmosphere interactions.
  5. Apply physical oceanographic concepts to real-world problems.

Course Outline

  1. Introduction to Physical Oceanography
    • History and scope of physical oceanography
    • Importance of oceans in the Earth system

2. Physical Properties of Seawater

    • Temperature, salinity, and density
    • Light and sound in the ocean

3. Ocean Circulation

    • Surface currents and wind-driven circulation
    • Thermohaline circulation
    • Major ocean gyres

4. Waves and Tides

    • Wave generation and propagation
    • Types of waves (e.g., capillary, gravity)
    • Tidal forces and tidal currents

5. Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions

    • Heat budget and climate regulation
    • El Niño and La Niña phenomena
    • The role of the ocean in climate change

6. Coastal Processes

    • Coastal erosion and sediment transport
    • Estuaries and coastal ecosystems

7. Methods in Physical Oceanography

    • Data collection techniques (e.g., CTD casts, satellite remote sensing)
    • Numerical modeling and simulations

Assessment Methods

  • Assignments and Problem Sets: Regular assignments to apply theoretical knowledge to practical problems.
  • Exams: Midterm and final exams to test understanding of core concepts.
  • Lab Work: Hands-on experience with oceanographic instruments and data analysis.
  • Project: A research project or case study focusing on a specific aspect of physical oceanography.

Recommended Textbooks and Resources

  • “Introduction to Physical Oceanography” by John A. Knauss
  • “Descriptive Physical Oceanography: An Introduction” by Lynne D. Talley, George L. Pickard, William J. Emery, and James H. Swift
  • Relevant scientific journals and online databases

Additional Information

Field trips to coastal sites or oceanographic research vessels may be included to provide practical experience. Students are encouraged to engage in discussions and participate actively in all course activities to enhance their understanding and appreciation of physical oceanography.

This course is designed to build a solid foundation in physical oceanography, preparing students for advanced studies or careers in marine science, environmental science, or related fields.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

Course Description: The Marine Ecology and Biology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with an in-depth understanding of marine ecosystems, the biological organisms within them, and the ecological processes that govern their interactions. This course combines theoretical lectures, practical laboratory sessions, and fieldwork to give students a comprehensive education in marine science.

Learning Objectives: By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand the basic principles of marine ecology and biology.
  2. Identify and describe major marine ecosystems and their key features.
  3. Analyze the interactions between marine organisms and their environment.
  4. Conduct ecological research and apply scientific methods to marine studies.
  5. Evaluate the impact of human activities on marine ecosystems and propose conservation strategies.

Course Structure: The course is divided into the following modules:

  1. Introduction to Marine Ecology and Biology
    • Overview of marine ecosystems
    • Importance of marine biodiversity

2. Marine Organisms and Adaptations

    • Phytoplankton, zooplankton, and marine flora
    • Marine invertebrates and vertebrates
    • Adaptations to marine environments

3. Marine Ecosystems and Habitats

    • Coral reefs
    • Mangroves and estuaries
    • Deep-sea environments
    • Coastal and open ocean ecosystems

4. Ecological Processes and Interactions

    • Food webs and trophic levels
    • Predator-prey dynamics
    • Symbiotic relationships
    • Nutrient cycling and energy flow

5. Human Impact and Marine Conservation

    • Overfishing and sustainable fisheries
    • Marine pollution and its effects
    • Climate change and ocean acidification
    • Marine protected areas and conservation efforts

6. Research Methods in Marine Ecology

    • Field sampling techniques
    • Laboratory analysis
    • Data collection and statistical analysis
    • Scientific writing and presentation

Assessment Methods:

  • Written Examinations: Testing theoretical knowledge of marine ecology and biology.
  • Laboratory Reports: Documenting practical work and findings from laboratory sessions.
  • Fieldwork Projects: Conducting ecological research and presenting results.
  • Group Assignments: Collaborative projects on current issues in marine conservation.
  • Final Research Project: An in-depth study on a chosen topic within marine ecology.

Recommended Textbooks and Resources:

  • “Marine Biology: Function, Biodiversity, Ecology” by Jeffrey S. Levinton
  • “Marine Ecology: Processes, Systems, and Impacts” by Michel J. Kaiser et al.
  • “Introduction to Marine Biology” by George Karleskint, Richard Turner, and James Small


  • Basic knowledge of biology and ecology (introductory level courses)
  • Recommended: Prior coursework in environmental science or related fields

Course Schedule:

  • Lectures: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 10:00 AM – 11:30 AM
  • Laboratory Sessions: Fridays, 1:00 PM – 3:00 PM
  • Field Trips: Scheduled throughout the semester (dates to be announced)

For more information, prospective students can visit the Department of Social Science and Humanities at Ramaas University or contact the admission office directly.

Course Description

This course explores the dynamic interactions between coastal processes and the landforms they create and modify. Emphasis is placed on understanding the physical, chemical, and biological processes that shape coastlines and the impact of human activities on coastal environments. Topics include wave dynamics, tidal processes, sediment transport, coastal erosion, and the formation of various coastal landforms.

Course Objectives

By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Explain the fundamental processes that influence coastal environments.
  2. Analyze the formation and evolution of coastal landforms.
  3. Evaluate the impact of human activities on coastal systems.
  4. Apply field and laboratory techniques to study coastal processes and landforms.
  5. Develop strategies for coastal management and conservation.

Course Outline

Week 1-2: Introduction to Coastal Systems

  • Overview of coastal zones
  • Types of coasts
  • Coastal classification systems

Week 3-4: Wave Dynamics

  • Wave formation and types
  • Wave energy and its impact on coastlines
  • Wave refraction, diffraction, and reflection

Week 5-6: Tidal Processes

  • Tidal generation and types
  • Tidal cycles and their impact on coastal regions
  • Tidal currents and estuaries

Week 7-8: Sediment Transport and Deposition

  • Sediment sources and types
  • Longshore drift and sediment budgets
  • Coastal deposition features

Week 9-10: Coastal Erosion

  • Mechanisms of coastal erosion
  • Factors influencing erosion rates
  • Case studies of erosion-prone areas

Week 11-12: Coastal Landforms

  • Beaches, dunes, and barrier islands
  • Cliffs, sea arches, and stacks
  • Deltaic and estuarine landforms

Week 13-14: Human Impact on Coastal Environments

  • Coastal development and engineering
  • Pollution and habitat destruction
  • Climate change and sea level rise

Week 15: Coastal Management and Conservation

  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)
  • Sustainable development practices
  • Restoration and conservation strategies

Week 16: Review and Final Exam Preparation


  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Final Exam: 30%
  • Field Trip Report: 20%
  • Lab Assignments: 20%
  • Participation and Attendance: 10%

Required Texts

  • Masselink, G., Hughes, M., & Knight, J. (2011). Introduction to Coastal Processes and Geomorphology. Routledge.
  • Komar, P. D. (1998). Beach Processes and Sedimentation. Prentice Hall.

Additional Resources

  • Access to the Coastal Research Laboratory for hands-on experience with sediment analysis and wave tank experiments.
  • Field trips to local coastal sites for practical exposure to coastal processes and landform identification.


  • Attendance: Regular attendance is crucial for understanding the course material and participating in discussions and field trips.
  • Late Submissions: Assignments submitted late will incur a 10% penalty per day unless prior arrangements are made with the instructor.
  • Academic Integrity: Students are expected to uphold the highest standards of academic honesty. Plagiarism and cheating will result in severe consequences.

For more information, visit the course webpage on the Ramaas University portal or contact admission office during office hours.

  • Academic writing can be very different from other types of written English. This course has been developed to help you learn the basics of academic writing and develop your English language skills.

    You’ll develop some proficiency in key areas of ‘academic’ grammar, learn about the stages in essay writing, and produce an essay of your own. You’ll also explore how to organise an essay, write in an academic style, and use tools to evaluate your own writing and other learners’ writing, so that by the end of the course you’re able to write a good, basic academic essay.

In this subject, you will study one of the oldest and most essential vehicles of law, the one that regulates and organises the exchange of goods and services: contracts and obligations. This is an essential starting point for the consolidation of other areas of civil law and for tackling other legal disciplines (commercial law, financial law, etc.).

This course focuses on the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia such as human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law, justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature, executive and an independent judiciary, in order to ensure accountability.

A Geographic Information Systems (GIS) course equips students with skills and knowledge to collect, analyze, and interpret spatial data. Here are some general details and typical components of a GIS course:

Course Structure and Topics:

  1. Introduction to GIS:

    • Basics of GIS technology.
    • History and development of GIS.
    • Key concepts such as spatial data models and coordinate systems.

2. Data Acquisition and Management:

    • Methods of data collection (e.g., GPS, remote sensing).
    • Database management and spatial data storage.
    • Data quality and standards.

3. Spatial Analysis:

    • Techniques for analyzing spatial relationships.
    • Spatial statistics and geostatistics.
    • Network analysis and terrain modeling.

4. GIS Software and Tools:

    • Training in popular GIS software (e.g., ArcGIS, QGIS).
    • Practical exercises using software for data visualization and analysis.
    • Customization and automation with scripting (e.g., Python).

5. Cartography and Visualization:

    • Principles of map design and effective communication.
    • Techniques for visualizing spatial data.
    • Use of multimedia and interactive maps.

6. Applications of GIS:

    • Case studies in various fields like urban planning, environmental management, and public health.
    • Project-based learning and real-world problem solving.

7. Advanced Topics:

    • Web-based GIS and cloud computing.
    • 3D GIS and spatial modeling.
    • Integration with other technologies such as IoT and big data.

Remote Sensing is a fascinating field that involves the acquisition and analysis of data about the Earth’s surface without being in direct contact with it. This data is typically collected using satellite or aerial sensor technologies. A course in Remote Sensing will cover a variety of topics, technologies, and applications.

Course Overview

1. Introduction to Remote Sensing

  • Definition and History: Understanding what remote sensing is and how it has evolved over time.
  • Basic Principles: Concepts such as electromagnetic radiation, spectrum, and the interactions of energy with the Earth’s surface and atmosphere.

2. Remote Sensing Platforms and Sensors

  • Types of Platforms: Satellites, aircraft, drones, and ground-based systems.
  • Sensor Types: Optical, thermal, microwave, and LiDAR sensors.
  • Resolution: Spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric resolutions.

3. Data Acquisition and Preprocessing

  • Data Sources: Accessing satellite imagery and other remote sensing data.
  • Preprocessing Techniques: Radiometric correction, geometric correction, and atmospheric correction.

4. Image Interpretation and Analysis

  • Visual Interpretation: Techniques for manually interpreting remote sensing images.
  • Digital Image Processing: Image enhancement, filtering, and transformations.
  • Classification Methods: Supervised and unsupervised classification, object-based image analysis.

5. Applications of Remote Sensing

  • Environmental Monitoring: Land use and land cover mapping, vegetation analysis, and water quality assessment.
  • Agriculture: Crop monitoring, soil mapping, and precision farming.
  • Urban Planning: Urban growth analysis, infrastructure planning, and disaster management.
  • Climate Studies: Monitoring climate change, ice caps, and sea level rise.

6. Advanced Topics

  • Hyperspectral Remote Sensing: Detailed spectral analysis for mineral exploration, vegetation studies, and more.
  • Radar Remote Sensing: SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) for topography, and disaster management.
  • LiDAR Remote Sensing: High-resolution 3D mapping for forestry, urban planning, and archaeology.

Practical Components

1. Software and Tools

  • Remote Sensing Software: ENVI, ERDAS Imagine, QGIS, and others.
  • GIS Integration: Combining remote sensing data with Geographic Information Systems for comprehensive analysis.

2. Field Work

  • Ground Truthing: Collecting field data to validate remote sensing data and analysis.
  • Case Studies and Projects: Real-world applications and problem-solving using remote sensing data.

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Understand and explain the fundamental principles of remote sensing.
  • Acquire, preprocess, and analyze remote sensing data from various sources.
  • Apply remote sensing techniques to solve practical problems in environmental monitoring, agriculture, urban planning, and other fields.
  • Use remote sensing software tools effectively for data analysis and visualization.


  • Textbooks:
    • “Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation” by Thomas M. Lillesand and Ralph W. Kiefer.
    • “Fundamentals of Remote Sensing” by George Joseph.
  • Online Courses:
    • Coursera, edX, and other platforms often offer courses from universities and institutions.
  • Journals and Articles:
    • “Remote Sensing of Environment,” “International Journal of Remote Sensing,” and others for advanced research and developments in the field.

Career Opportunities

  • Industries: Environmental consultancy, agriculture, urban planning, defense, and disaster management.
  • Roles: Remote sensing analyst, GIS specialist, environmental scientist, and more.


Remote Sensing is an interdisciplinary field with wide-ranging applications and opportunities for specialization. This course will provide a comprehensive foundation, equipping students with both theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

The aim of this subject is to collectively cultivate social awareness in the practice of our profession. You will have the opportunity to apply your skills and competencies as a student of law by taking part in social work projects with special groups such as elderly people, at-risk youth and immigrants, as well as cases having to do with environmental problems.

Year 3

In this subject, you will gain a basic understanding of the main international organisations created since the birth of this new subject – public international law – in the 19th century: the United Nations (UN), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), etc.

Environmental Management is an interdisciplinary field that integrates principles of environmental science, management, and policy to address environmental challenges. This course is typically cover a wide range of topics, including:

Core Topics:

  1. Environmental Science and Ecology
    • Fundamentals of ecology
    • Biodiversity and conservation
    • Pollution and waste management

2. Environmental Policy and Law

    • International environmental treaties and agreements
    • National and regional environmental laws
    • Policy analysis and development

3. Sustainable Development

    • Principles of sustainability
    • Sustainable development goals (SDGs)
    • Case studies on sustainable practices

4. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

    • EIA processes and methodologies
    • Risk assessment
    • Mitigation strategies

5. Natural Resource Management

    • Management of water, soil, and air resources
    • Renewable and non-renewable energy resources
    • Forestry and fisheries management

6. Climate Change

    • Science of climate change
    • Mitigation and adaptation strategies
    • Policy and economic implications

7. Environmental Economics

    • Economic principles related to the environment
    • Cost-benefit analysis
    • Market-based environmental policies

Skills Development:

  1. Data Analysis and GIS

    • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for environmental mapping
    • Statistical analysis for environmental data

2. Project Management

    • Planning and managing environmental projects
    • Stakeholder engagement and communication
    • Fundraising and resource allocation

3. Research Methods

    • Qualitative and quantitative research techniques
    • Fieldwork and laboratory methods
    • Reporting and presentation skills

Typical Course Structure:

  • Introductory Courses: Provide a broad overview of environmental science, management principles, and policy frameworks.
  • Intermediate Courses: Focus on specific areas such as natural resource management, environmental law, and sustainable development.
  • Advanced Courses and Electives: Offer specialized topics such as advanced GIS, climate change policy, and environmental economics.
  • Capstone Projects or Theses: Allow students to apply their knowledge to real-world environmental problems through independent research or practical projects.

Career Paths:

  • Environmental Consultant
  • Sustainability Manager
  • Environmental Policy Analyst
  • Conservation Scientist
  • Natural Resource Manager
  • Climate Change Analyst
  • Environmental Educator

Additional Resources:

  • Professional Organizations: International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA), Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC), etc.
  • Journals and Publications: “Environmental Management”, “Journal of Environmental Management”, “Ecological Economics”
  • Online Courses and Certifications: Offered by platforms like Coursera, edX, and others.
  • This course offers a general introduction to the World International Trade Law (WTO Law), EU-law, Africa and the other parts of the world. Exploring the structure, principles and main WTO Agreements shaping international trade within the WTO will provide the students with a birds-eye view to international trade framework in general. The study of the relationship between WTO and EU will consist of the analysis of the status of the EU in the WTO, and the legal effect of WTO law in the EU.

A Marine Policy and Law course covers a broad range of topics related to the governance, regulation, and management of marine environments and resources. Here are key components that are often included in such a course:

1. Introduction to Marine Policy and Law

  • Overview of marine ecosystems and the importance of oceans.
  • Historical development of marine policies and laws.

2. International Marine Law

  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
  • Other international treaties and agreements (e.g., MARPOL, CITES, and the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response, and Co-operation).
  • Roles of international organizations (e.g., International Maritime Organization (IMO), International Whaling Commission (IWC)).

3. National Marine Law

  • Domestic maritime laws and regulations.
  • Jurisdictional issues: Territorial waters, Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), and continental shelves.
  • National agencies and their roles (e.g., U.S. NOAA, U.K. Marine Management Organisation).

4. Marine Resource Management

  • Sustainable fisheries management.
  • Marine protected areas (MPAs) and conservation strategies.
  • Resource extraction regulations (e.g., oil, gas, minerals).

5. Environmental Protection and Conservation

  • Marine pollution laws and policies.
  • Conservation of marine biodiversity.
  • Climate change impacts on marine environments and related legal frameworks.

6. Maritime Security

  • Legal aspects of piracy, trafficking, and illegal fishing.
  • Maritime surveillance and enforcement.
  • Roles of navies and coast guards.

7. Marine Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management

  • Concepts and practices of marine spatial planning (MSP).
  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) frameworks.
  • Stakeholder engagement and conflict resolution in marine planning.

8. Case Studies and Current Issues

  • Analysis of significant legal cases and policy decisions.
  • Emerging issues such as deep-sea mining, marine genetic resources, and the impact of technological advancements.

9. Research and Policy Development Skills

  • Methodologies for marine policy research.
  • Policy analysis and development processes.
  • Effective communication and advocacy in marine policy.

Course Objectives:

  • Understanding Legal Frameworks: Gain a comprehensive understanding of the legal frameworks governing marine environments at both international and national levels.
  • Policy Analysis Skills: Develop the ability to critically analyze and evaluate marine policies and their implications.
  • Practical Application: Apply knowledge to real-world scenarios, including case studies and policy development exercises.
  • Interdisciplinary Approach: Appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of marine policy, involving law, science, economics, and sociology.

Recommended Reading and Resources:

  • Books:
    • “The International Law of the Sea” by Yoshifumi Tanaka.
    • “Marine Policy: An Introduction to Governance and International Law of the Oceans” by Mark Zacharias.
  • Journals:
    • Marine Policy Journal.
    • Ocean Development & International Law.
  • Websites and Databases:
    • United Nations Oceans & Law of the Sea.
    • International Maritime Organization (IMO).
    • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Fisheries and Aquaculture Department.

Assessment Methods:

  • Essays and Research Papers: Critical analysis of specific marine law or policy issues.
  • Case Study Analysis: Examination of real-world cases to understand the application of laws and policies.
  • Examinations: Testing knowledge of marine law principles and key policies.
  • Presentations: Oral presentations on selected topics to develop communication skills.

This course aims to equip students with the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate the complex legal and policy landscape of marine environments, preparing them for careers in environmental law, policy-making, conservation, and resource management.

In this subject, you will acquire the necessary knowledge about international and European environmental law. Through practical application, you will learn about the most important international agreements, regulations and environmental guidelines and the future challenges they entail, among other topics.

This course is crucial as human activities can have significant effects on marine ecosystems, including pollution, overfishing, habitat destruction, and climate change.

In a course on this subject, you might cover various aspects such as:

  1. Pollution: Types of pollutants (e.g., plastics, chemicals, oil spills), their sources, and impacts on marine life and ecosystems.

  2. Overfishing: How human fishing practices can deplete fish populations, disrupt food webs, and lead to ecosystem imbalances.

  3. Habitat Destruction: Destruction of coral reefs, mangroves, and other critical habitats due to coastal development, dredging, and other human activities.

  4. Climate Change: How rising sea temperatures, ocean acidification, and sea level rise are affecting marine ecosystems and biodiversity.

  5. Conservation Efforts: Strategies and initiatives aimed at protecting marine environments, such as marine protected areas, sustainable fishing practices, and global agreements like the Paris Agreement.

  6. Case Studies: Examples of specific regions or species impacted by human activities, and how these impacts are being addressed.

This Course on this topic often blend scientific research with policy discussions, exploring how international regulations and local efforts intersect to protect marine environments. If you’re looking to enroll in such a course or study independently, consider checking university programs in marine science or environmental studies, or look for online courses offered by environmental organizations or educational platforms.

A course on Research Methods in Marine Geography typically covers a range of topics essential for conducting research in this field. Here are some key areas that such a course might include:

  1. Introduction to Marine Geography: Understanding the scope and importance of marine geography, including its subfields like coastal geography, oceanography, and marine ecosystems.

  2. Research Design and Planning: Techniques for designing research projects in marine geography, including formulating research questions, hypotheses, and objectives.

  3. Data Collection Methods: Methods for gathering data in marine environments, such as remote sensing, GIS (Geographic Information Systems), field surveys, and sampling techniques specific to marine ecosystems.

  4. Data Analysis Techniques: Statistical and qualitative methods for analyzing data collected from marine geography research, including spatial analysis and modeling.

  5. Ethical Considerations: Ethical issues specific to marine geography research, such as environmental impact, biodiversity conservation, and interactions with local communities.

  6. Writing and Communication: Skills for effectively communicating research findings through scientific writing, presentations, and publications.

  7. Case Studies and Applications: Examining case studies of research projects in marine geography to understand real-world applications and challenges.

  8. Emerging Trends: Exploration of current and emerging trends in marine geography research, such as climate change impacts, marine conservation strategies, and sustainable coastal management.

  9. Fieldwork and Practical Experience: Opportunities for fieldwork or practical exercises to apply research methods learned in class.

  10. Integration of Technology: Use of advanced technologies and tools (e.g., drones, satellite imagery, underwater sensors) in marine geography research.

Such a course aims to equip students with the necessary skills and knowledge to conduct rigorous research in marine geography, contributing to the understanding and sustainable management of marine environments.

  • Choosing between a work placement and a study option course depends on several factors, including your career goals, learning style, industry standards, and personal preferences. You’ll have the option to study or do a work placement. Not only will this give you an amazing experience to talk about but will also give your CV a boost.

     This offers you the opportunity to enhance your study and CV with a work placement. It’s a chance to explore career possibilities, make valuable contacts and gain sought after professional skills.

    – This is an important component of Ramaas University degrees, work placements help you to build academic expertise as well as to gain real-world experience. You’ll receive credit for your efforts, and you’ll learn the extra transferable skills needed to excel in your chosen career. You’ll also develop your ability to deal with pressure and hit crucial deadlines. All of which will make you stand out against the competition and impress employers when you graduate.

    – Ultimately, the decision between a work placement and a study option course should be based on your individual career objectives, learning preferences, and the specific opportunities available in your field. If possible, seek advice, other professionals, academic advisors to make an informed decision.

Year 4

This course in the Academic English: Writing specialization, and it is a more advanced writing course. It will help you raise the level of your writing and make you more aware of the type of writing you can expect in college. You’ll learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it using correct MLA citations. Also, you’ll learn to write a synthesis essay, which will help develop your critical thinking skills. Finally, you’ll write a documented essay, which will help further enhance your skill of using outside sources in your writing.

  • Advanced Argument Essays

In the previous class, you learned about writing argument essays. Here you’re going to learn how to make your essays more academic by writing more body paragraphs and adding support from outside sources. You will write a new argument essay, and since you already know how to write an argument, this will be a good way to practice using sources.

  • Avoiding Plagiarism

The topic of this module is very important for you to know about before you start taking college classes. Plagiarism is a kind of academic dishonesty that gets students into big trouble or even gets them dismissed from school. In this module, you will learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

  • Synthesis Essay

In classes, you will often be asked to read several articles and write an essay about an idea you form from reading the articles. This kind of essay is called a synthesis essay. In this module, you will be given two lists of articles to choose from. You will need to read the articles on your list and then write a synthesis essay. You will use sources from the articles to support your own ideas.

  • Documented Essay

In this course, you will start using the Internet to find your own outside sources to support your ideas. You will also try to write a longer essay than you have before. This module will give your more practice using quotes and paraphrase in your essay, and you will learn to use a Works Cited page to list your sources.

Marine Geology explores the geological structures, processes, and history of the ocean basins. This course examines seafloor spreading, plate tectonics, marine sediments, oceanic circulation, and the geological features of coastal zones. Emphasis is placed on understanding the interaction between geological and oceanographic processes and their impact on the marine environment.

Course Objectives By the end of the course, students will:

  1. Understand the fundamental principles of marine geology and geophysics.
  2. Gain knowledge of the processes that shape the ocean basins.
  3. Learn about marine sediments and their significance in interpreting geological history.
  4. Understand the dynamics of plate tectonics and seafloor spreading.
  5. Develop skills in marine geological data collection and analysis.
  6. Appreciate the environmental and economic significance of marine geology.

Course Modules

Module 1: Introduction to Marine Geology

  • Overview of marine geology
  • History and development of marine geology as a science
  • Tools and techniques used in marine geological research

Module 2: Ocean Basins and Plate Tectonics

  • Structure and composition of oceanic crust
  • Plate tectonics theory
  • Seafloor spreading and mid-ocean ridges
  • Subduction zones and ocean trenches

Module 3: Marine Sediments

  • Types of marine sediments: terrigenous, biogenous, hydrogenous, and cosmogenous
  • Sediment transport and deposition
  • Stratigraphy and sediment cores
  • Paleoceanography and the use of marine sediments in climate studies

Module 4: Coastal Geology

  • Coastal processes and landforms
  • Erosion, deposition, and sediment transport in coastal zones
  • Estuaries, deltas, and barrier islands
  • Human impact on coastal regions

Module 5: Marine Geohazards

  • Earthquakes and tsunamis
  • Submarine landslides and volcanic activity
  • Coastal erosion and sea-level rise
  • Mitigation and management of marine geohazards

Module 6: Marine Resources

  • Mineral resources of the seabed
  • Oil and gas exploration
  • Marine renewable energy
  • Legal and environmental issues in the exploitation of marine resources

Course Activities

  • Lectures: In-depth presentations on course topics, supplemented with visual aids and case studies.
  • Lab Sessions: Hands-on experience with geological samples, sediment cores, and data analysis software.
  • Field Trips: Visits to coastal areas and research vessels for practical exposure to marine geological research.
  • Research Project: Independent or group projects focusing on a specific aspect of marine geology, culminating in a presentation and report.
  • Guest Lectures: Talks by experts in the field to provide insights into current research and industry practices.

Assessment Methods

  • Quizzes and Exams: Regular quizzes and a final exam to assess understanding of course material.
  • Lab Reports: Detailed reports on lab activities and findings.
  • Research Project: Evaluation based on the quality of research, analysis, and presentation.
  • Participation: Active participation in class discussions, lab sessions, and field trips.

Recommended Reading

  • Textbooks:

    • “Marine Geology” by James P. Kennett
    • “Marine Geology: Exploring the New Frontiers of the Ocean” by Jon Erickson
    • “Introduction to Marine Geology and Geophysics” by Block et al.
  • Journals:

    • Marine Geology
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
    • Continental Shelf Research


  • Basic understanding of geology and oceanography.
  • Previous coursework in Earth sciences or environmental science is beneficial.

This course is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of marine geology, integrating theoretical knowledge with practical skills. Students will gain valuable insights into the geological processes shaping our oceans and their implications for the environment and human society.

Field methods in marine geography encompass a range of techniques and tools used to study and analyze marine environments. These methods are essential for understanding physical, chemical, biological, and geological processes in marine settings. Here are some key components typically covered in a course on field methods in marine geography:

1. Sampling Techniques

  • Water Sampling: Using Niskin bottles, CTD (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth) sensors, and other tools to collect water samples at different depths and locations.
  • Sediment Sampling: Utilizing grab samplers, corers, and dredges to collect sediment samples from the ocean floor.
  • Biological Sampling: Employing nets (plankton nets, trawls), traps, and scuba diving to sample marine organisms.

2. Surveying and Mapping

  • Bathymetric Surveys: Using echo sounders and multibeam sonar to map the seafloor topography.
  • Geophysical Surveys: Applying seismic reflection and refraction methods to study sub-seafloor structures.
  • GPS and GIS Applications: Utilizing GPS for precise location tracking and GIS for mapping and spatial analysis of marine data.

3. Remote Sensing

  • Satellite Imagery: Analyzing satellite images to monitor sea surface temperature, chlorophyll concentration, and coastal changes.
  • Aerial Photography: Using drones or aircraft to capture high-resolution images of coastal and marine areas.

4. In Situ Measurements

  • Oceanographic Instruments: Deploying instruments like ADCPs (Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers) to measure current velocities and directions.
  • Temperature and Salinity: Using CTD casts to measure temperature, salinity, and density profiles of seawater.
  • Turbidity and Light Penetration: Measuring water clarity and light penetration with secchi disks and light meters.

5. Laboratory Analysis

  • Water Quality Testing: Analyzing samples for nutrients, dissolved oxygen, pH, and contaminants.
  • Sediment Analysis: Examining grain size distribution, organic content, and mineral composition.
  • Biological Analysis: Identifying and quantifying plankton, benthos, and nekton species.

6. Data Analysis and Interpretation

  • Statistical Methods: Applying statistical tools to analyze field data and identify patterns and trends.
  • Modeling: Using computer models to simulate marine processes and predict future changes.
  • Report Writing: Presenting findings in scientific reports, including data visualization through charts, maps, and graphs.

7. Field Equipment and Safety

  • Equipment Handling: Proper use and maintenance of field equipment.
  • Safety Protocols: Ensuring safety during fieldwork, including diving safety, boat operations, and emergency procedures.

8. Case Studies and Practical Applications

  • Coastal Management: Studying case studies related to coastal erosion, habitat restoration, and marine protected areas.
  • Pollution Monitoring: Investigating sources and impacts of marine pollution and implementing monitoring programs.
  • Climate Change Studies: Examining the effects of climate change on marine environments, such as sea-level rise and ocean acidification.

Course Structure

A typical course may include a combination of lectures, field trips, laboratory sessions, and project work. Students often engage in hands-on activities to apply the methods learned and may work in teams to conduct comprehensive field studies.

Example Field Activities

  • Field Trip to a Coastal Area: Conducting water and sediment sampling, GPS mapping, and biodiversity assessments.
  • Offshore Survey Cruise: Participating in a research cruise to collect oceanographic data and samples.
  • Intertidal Zone Study: Exploring tide pools and conducting species inventories and environmental assessments.

Field methods in marine geography are crucial for advancing our understanding of marine environments and addressing issues such as conservation, resource management, and environmental protection. This course equips students with practical skills and knowledge essential for careers in marine science, environmental consulting, and coastal management.

Marine Resource Management (MRM) is an interdisciplinary field focusing on the sustainable use and conservation of marine resources. Course in this field often combine aspects of marine biology, oceanography, environmental science, policy, economics, and social sciences. Here’s a general outline of what you can expect from a typical MRM course:

Core Topics

  1. Marine Ecology and Biology

    • Marine ecosystems and biodiversity
    • Marine species and habitats
    • Ecosystem interactions and food webs

2. Oceanography

    • Physical, chemical, and geological oceanography
    • Ocean currents, waves, and tides
    • Marine geology and seabed mapping

3. Marine Resource Economics

    • Economic principles of resource use
    • Valuation of marine ecosystem services
    • Cost-benefit analysis and resource management

4. Marine Policy and Governance

    • International and national marine policies
    • Regulatory frameworks and compliance
    • Marine spatial planning and zoning

5. Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture

    • Fisheries biology and stock assessment
    • Sustainable fishing practices and management
    • Aquaculture techniques and environmental impacts

6. Marine Conservation

    • Conservation biology and protected areas
    • Threats to marine biodiversity (pollution, climate change)
    • Restoration ecology and management strategies

Skills Development

Data Analysis and Statistics

    • Techniques for analyzing marine data
    • Statistical software applications

 Field and Laboratory Methods

    • Sampling techniques and fieldwork
    • Laboratory analysis of marine specimens

GIS and Remote Sensing

    • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for marine applications
    • Remote sensing technologies and data interpretation

Stakeholder Engagement and Communication

    • Methods for engaging with diverse stakeholders
    • Effective communication strategies for science and policy

Potential Career Paths

  • Marine Biologist
  • Fisheries Manager
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Marine Policy Analyst
  • Conservation Scientist
  • Marine Spatial Planner

Additional Resources

  • Professional Organizations: Marine Conservation Society, Society for Conservation Biology, American Fisheries Society
  • Journals: Marine Policy, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Ocean & Coastal Management

If you have specific questions about programs, career paths, or course content, feel free to contact admission office. 

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to hydrology and water quality, focusing on the principles and processes that govern the movement, distribution, and quality of water in the environment. Students will learn about the hydrologic cycle, water resources management, and techniques for monitoring and improving water quality.

Course Objectives:

  • Understand the components and processes of the hydrologic cycle.
  • Analyze the factors affecting water quality in different water bodies.
  • Apply techniques for measuring and modeling water flow and quality.
  • Evaluate water resource management strategies.
  • Assess the impact of human activities on water resources.

Course Structure:

  1. Introduction to Hydrology

    • The Hydrologic Cycle
    • Precipitation and Evapotranspiration
    • Surface Runoff and Streamflow
    • Groundwater Flow

2. Water Quality Fundamentals

    • Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties of Water
    • Water Quality Standards and Indicators
    • Sources and Types of Water Pollution
    • Methods for Water Quality Analysis

3. Hydrologic Measurement and Modeling

    • Hydrometric Measurements
    • Remote Sensing in Hydrology
    • Hydrologic Modeling Techniques
    • Applications of GIS in Hydrology

4. Water Resource Management

    • Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)
    • Watershed Management
    • Urban Water Management
    • Policy and Regulation in Water Management

5. Impact of Human Activities on Water Resources

    • Agricultural Practices
    • Industrial Discharges
    • Urbanization Effects
    • Climate Change and Water Resources

6. Case Studies and Applications

    • Water Quality Management in Rivers and Lakes
    • Groundwater Contamination and Remediation
    • Coastal and Marine Water Quality
    • International Water Quality Management Practices

Assessment Methods:

  • Midterm and Final Exams
  • Laboratory Reports
  • Field Study Projects
  • Research Paper
  • Class Participation

Textbooks and Reading Materials:

  • “Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis” by Bedient, Huber, and Vieux
  • “Water Quality: An Introduction” by Claude E. Boyd
  • Selected scientific articles and case studies


  • Basic knowledge of Environmental Science
  • Introductory Chemistry and Biology

This course is designed to equip students with the theoretical knowledge and practical skills necessary to tackle real-world water quality and hydrology challenges. Through lectures, labs, and fieldwork, students will gain a holistic understanding of water systems and their management.

This course explores the multifaceted impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems. It covers scientific, ecological, and socio-economic aspects of marine environments affected by climate change, integrating knowledge from oceanography, marine biology, environmental science, and policy studies. Students will gain a comprehensive understanding of how climate change influences marine life, ecosystems, and human communities reliant on marine resources.

Course Objectives

  • Understand the fundamental principles of climate change and its causes.
  • Explore the effects of climate change on marine ecosystems and biodiversity.
  • Examine the socio-economic impacts on communities dependent on marine resources.
  • Analyze strategies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change in the marine context.
  • Critically evaluate current research and policy approaches to managing climate change impacts on marine environments.

Course Structure

The course is divided into five main modules, each focusing on different aspects of climate change and the marine environment.

Module 1: Introduction to Climate Change

  • Week 1: Basics of Climate Change
    • Greenhouse gases and the carbon cycle
    • Historical climate changes and current trends
  • Week 2: Climate Models and Predictions
    • Climate modeling techniques
    • Future climate scenarios and projections

Module 2: Oceanographic Changes

  • Week 3: Ocean Warming
    • Sea surface temperature rise
    • Thermal expansion and sea level rise
  • Week 4: Ocean Acidification
    • Causes and consequences
    • Effects on marine calcifiers
  • Week 5: Changes in Ocean Circulation
    • Thermohaline circulation
    • Impacts on global climate and marine ecosystems

Module 3: Impacts on Marine Biodiversity

  • Week 6: Coral Reefs
    • Coral bleaching and mortality
    • Conservation strategies
  • Week 7: Marine Species and Habitats
    • Range shifts and habitat loss
    • Impacts on fisheries and food webs
  • Week 8: Polar Regions
    • Melting ice caps and sea ice
    • Impacts on polar ecosystems and species

Module 4: Socio-Economic Impacts

  • Week 9: Coastal Communities
    • Vulnerability and resilience of coastal populations
    • Economic impacts on fisheries and tourism
  • Week 10: Marine Policy and Governance
    • International agreements and policies
    • Marine protected areas and management strategies

Module 5: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies

  • Week 11: Mitigation Approaches
    • Reducing greenhouse gas emissions
    • Carbon sequestration in marine environments
  • Week 12: Adaptation Strategies
    • Enhancing resilience of marine ecosystems
    • Community-based adaptation initiatives

Assessment Methods

  • Participation and Attendance: Active participation in discussions and attendance (10%)
  • Quizzes and Assignments: Weekly quizzes and assignments based on readings and lectures (30%)
  • Midterm Exam: Covers Modules 1 and 2 (20%)
  • Research Project: In-depth research on a chosen topic related to climate change and marine environments (20%)
  • Final Exam: Comprehensive exam covering all modules (20%)

Recommended Readings and Resources

  • Books:
    • “The Ocean and Climate Change” by Dorothee C. E. Bakker and Robert S. Wanninkhof
    • “Marine Ecology: Processes, Systems, and Impacts” by Michel J. Kaiser et al.
  • Journals:
    • Global Change Biology
    • Marine Ecology Progress Series
    • Climate Change
  • Websites:
    • NOAA
    • IPCC Reports
    • The Ocean Foundation

Learning Outcomes: By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  • Explain the science behind climate change and its global impact.
  • Assess the specific impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems and biodiversity.
  • Evaluate the socio-economic consequences for communities dependent on marine resources.
  • Develop and propose informed strategies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change in marine contexts.
  • Critically analyze current research and policy frameworks related to climate change and the marine environment.

Course Prerequisites

  • Basic knowledge of environmental science and biology is recommended.
  • Familiarity with marine ecosystems and oceanography will be beneficial.

This course aims to equip students with the knowledge and skills needed to address and manage the challenges posed by climate change to marine environments. Through a combination of lectures, readings, discussions, and research, students will gain a holistic understanding of this critical issue.

  • Bachelor of Marine Geography Dissertation Project is a compulsory final project. It is a research-based project of 10,000 words. This module provides you with the opportunity to choose a research topic that you are especially interested in and work on your own initiative. It allows you the freedom of independent study under the guidance of your supervisor, to undertake research on a specific topic, and to enhance your ability to master appropriate primary and secondary materials. This is your chance to develop a range of valuable skills different from those you have already gained from your undergraduate degree such as researching, planning, writing well, thinking analytically, synthesizing complicated information, and organizing your time. It can also play an important role in showing a potential employer that you are able to work independently, plan a bigger project, collect information, and find the answer to any specific problem.

Admission Requirements:

Document Requirements:

  • You will be required to submit the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this bachelor’s degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current secondary school, then you can still apply and you can provide your High School Certificate at a later date.

Your Secondary’s or University Certificate and Transcript:

  • Upload your secondary school’s certificate or university’s certificate and a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your high school (s) (original) or university if you are planning to earn double bachelor degree.

Personal Statement:

  • A photo passport and a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular bachelor’s degree programme.

You can apply and upload documents here

Study information

start:15 September – Campus
10 October – Online studies
10 January – Online studies
15 February – Campus


Place of Study:

Mogadishu Campus or Online Studies

Application fee: $35

Semester fee: $300

Application Deadline:Continuous recording. Applications are processed in the order in which they are received.
Duration:4 years full-time (campus and online studies)
5 years part-time (online studies only)
Degree::Bachelor Degree (Professional Degree)

Programme Instructors

Abdijabaar Sh. Ahmed, PhD Candidate

Programme leader and Instructor

Foad Warsame Abdi

Co-programme Leader and Instructor

Dr. Maryama Hassan

Subject Instructor

Abdihakim Abdisalam

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Shirac

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Idle, PhD

Subject Instructor

Wafa W. Ahmed

Course Advisor and Graduation Policy.

Dr. Abdullahi Sh. Mubarak Rashid

Co-program Leader and Instructor

Rooda Mohamed

Subject Instructor

Samina Khan, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hawa Osman, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hassan Garaad

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 17 1010

Kafiya Abdillahi

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 62 4444

Are you ready to take the next step towards your brighter future?

Halkaan ka akhriso

Kulliyada Jaamacaddeed ee Juqraafiga Badda

Waa sharaxaad koobban oo ku saabsan Kulliyada Juqraafiga Badda oo af Soomaali lagu diyaariyey.

The Admissions and Enrollment Management Office

Admission and Enrollments

At RU, we believe applying to our university shouldn’t be hard. Regardless of your age, ethnicity, or background, our goal is to make the admissions process as easy and convenient as possible.

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