Bachelor of Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution

Peace, War and Conflict Resolution​

The Bachelor of Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution degree programme at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the complex dynamics involved in peacebuilding, conflict management, and the causes and consequences of war. This multidisciplinary program integrates perspectives from political science, international relations, sociology, psychology, history, and law to equip students with the skills needed to analyze and address conflicts at various levels.

A Bachelor of Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution typically focuses on understanding the causes of conflicts, developing strategies for peacebuilding, and analyzing the dynamics of war and conflict.

Graduates often pursue careers in diplomacy, international organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), conflict resolution consulting, humanitarian aid, and peacebuilding initiatives. The coursework may cover topics such as conflict analysis, negotiation and mediation, human rights, international law, and the role of international organizations in conflict resolution.

Bachelor of Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution Programme Curriculum

To obtain Bachelor of Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution Degree, students are required to complete 180 credits. Courses may be taken on a full-time, part-time basis or online studies.

Foundation Year (Sanadka Aasaasiga)

Anagoo raacayso qorshaha Wasaaradda Waxbarashada, Hiddaha Iyo Tacliinta Sare Soomaaliya ee sanadka aas-aasaiga ah ee arday kasta laga doonaayo inuu qaato sanadka ugu horreeya ee jaamacadda, ayaa waxay Jaamacadda Ramaas kusoo dartay koorsada Luuqada Afka Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta. Ujeedka ay Jaamacadda ka leedahay ayaa ah in hab-qoraalka toolmoon ee afka Soomaaliga si fiican ardayga loo barro. Qoritaanka Af Soomaaligu waa uu ka duwan yahay dhihitaanka afka, ama waxa aynnu odhan karnaa hadalka caadiga ah iyo dhigaalku waa ay kala geddisan yihiin. Waana muhiim in ardayda si toosan afka Soomaaliga dhigaalkiisa saxda ah loo barro.

  • Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsada: Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsadan waa kuwa aqoon-duruqsan u leh qaab qoraalka afka Soomaaliya. Waxay bixin doonaan dulmar guud oo ku saabsan fikradaha iyo xirfadaha muhiimka ah ee qaab qoraalka toolmoon.
  • Cilmiga astaamaha qoraalka: Qoraaga aan waxba ka aqoon cilmiga astaamaynta qoraalka, ama astaan kasta aan dhigi karin booskeeda saxda ah, waxa uu la mid yahay askari aan wax ba ka aqoon cilmiga rididda qoriga, oo xabbad kasta aan ku dili karin qofkeeda cadowga ah.
  • Maxaad ku barran doontaa koorsadaan? waxaad ku barran doontaa sida saxda ah ee astaamaynta qoraalku, qeexid ahaan, calaamado kala muuqaal ah, kuwa loo adeegsado qoraalka, ujeedka ayaa ah in qoraalku si wacan loo akhrin karo erayadiisa, dhan kalena si uu u noqdo mid si cad loo fahmi karo ujeeddadiisa. Astaan la muuqaal ah astaan kale ma jirto. Tusaalle ahaan, astaanta joogsiga ( . ) waa mid ka muuqaal duwan astaanta joogsihakadka ( ; ). Sida oo kale, astaan la shaqo ah astaan kale ma jirto.
  • Suugaanta: Dhinaca kalle, koorsada waxaad ku barran doontaa hab-curinta suugaanta iyo macnayaasha guud ee ay xambaarsan yihiin.

Guud ahaan, ujeedka ay Jaamacadda Ramaas ka leedahay koorsadan ayaa ah in ardayda si fiican u bartaan qaab-qoraalka habboon, sixidda higgaadda erayada, sidoo kale dhowridda astaamaha iyo xeerarka dhigaalka, taasi oo qayb ka ah qoraalka. Taasina waa xil saaran qoraaga iyo tifaftiraha.

Civil Education and Civic Engagement course at Ramaas University would involve several key steps and components to ensure it effectively educates students on their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens. Here is a comprehensive outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices of civil education. It will cover topics such as civic responsibility, Somali government structure, civil rights and liberties, community involvement, and global citizenship. Through lectures, discussions, and hands-on projects, students will develop the skills and knowledge necessary to become informed and active participants in their communities and the broader society.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proactive and informed citizens, capable of contributing positively to their communities and society at large.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving course is designed to equip students with the essential skills of critical thinking and problem-solving. It focuses on developing the ability to analyze complex situations, identify problems, generate solutions, and make informed decisions. By the end of the course, students will be able to apply these skills in academic, professional, and everyday contexts.

Course Objectives:

Understand Critical Thinking:

– Define critical thinking and its importance.
– Identify the components and characteristics of a critical thinker.
– Recognize common logical fallacies and biases.

Develop Problem-Solving Skills:

– Understand different problem-solving strategies and techniques.
– Apply structured approaches to problem-solving.
– Develop creative and innovative solutions to problems.

Enhance Analytical Skills:

– Analyze and interpret data effectively.
– Use analytical tools to assess situations and make decisions.
– Evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information.

Improve Decision-Making:

– Apply decision-making models to real-life scenarios.
– Understand the role of ethics in decision-making.
– Reflect on personal decision-making styles and their effectiveness.

Final Course Assessment:

– Participation and contribution to class discussions.
– Group projects and presentations.
– Individual assignments and case study analyses.
– Final exam covering theoretical and practical aspects.

English 100 at Ramaas University is a foundational course designed to enhance students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical thinking. This course aims to build a strong foundation in English, equipping students with the necessary skills to succeed in their academic and professional pursuits.

Objectives

The primary objectives of English 100 are to:

Develop effective reading strategies for comprehending and analyzing various texts.
Improve writing skills, focusing on clarity, coherence, and organization.
Enhance grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary usage.
Cultivate critical thinking and the ability to construct well-supported arguments.
Foster an appreciation for literature and diverse written forms.

Curriculum and Content

The curriculum for English 100 covers a broad range of topics and activities, including:

Reading Comprehension: Students will engage with a variety of texts, including essays, articles, short stories, and poems. Emphasis will be placed on identifying main ideas, supporting details, and themes.

Writing Skills: Instruction will focus on the writing process, from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students will learn to write different types of essays, such as narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays.

Grammar and Mechanics: Lessons will cover fundamental grammar rules, sentence structure, punctuation, and word usage. Regular exercises and quizzes will help reinforce these concepts.

Critical Thinking: Through class discussions, debates, and written assignments, students will practice analyzing texts and developing their own arguments.

Literature Appreciation: The course will introduce students to significant works of literature, exploring various genres and styles. This component aims to broaden students’ understanding and appreciation of literary art.

Teaching Methodology

English 100 employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and facilitate learning:

Lectures: Instructors will provide comprehensive overviews of key concepts and skills.
Group Work: Collaborative activities and peer reviews will encourage students to learn from each other and improve their communication skills.
Writing Workshops: These sessions will offer hands-on practice in writing and revising, with feedback from both peers and instructors.
Interactive Discussions: Class discussions on readings and relevant topics will promote critical thinking and active participation.
Assignments and Assessments: Regular homework assignments, essays, quizzes, and exams will help track students’ progress and understanding.

Resources and Support

Students enrolled in English 100 will have access to various resources and support services, including:

Library Access: Comprehensive library resources, including books, academic journals, and online databases, to support reading and research.
Office Hours: Instructors will be available during designated office hours to provide additional help and answer questions.
Ramaas Online Learning Platform: A digital platform where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and participate in online discussions.

Assessment and Grading

Assessment in English 100 will be based on a combination of:
– Written assignments and essays
– Quizzes and exams
– Class participation and attendance
– Group projects and presentations
– Peer reviews and feedback

Grading will reflect students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical analysis, as well as their effort and engagement in the course.

English 100 at Ramaas University is an essential course for students seeking to improve their English language skills and academic performance. By fostering a strong foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking, this course prepares students for future academic challenges and professional success.

  • Introduction to Arabic Language course at Ramaas University requires a well-structured curriculum that addresses the needs of beginners while progressively building up to more advanced skills. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:
This course provides an introduction to the Arabic language, covering the fundamentals of reading, writing, speaking, and understanding Arabic. It aims to equip students with basic communication skills and a foundational understanding of Arabic grammar and vocabulary. The course also introduces elements of Arabic culture to enhance language learning.

Course Objectives:
– Develop basic proficiency in reading and writing Arabic script.
– Acquire essential vocabulary and grammar for everyday communication.
– Build foundational skills in listening and speaking Arabic.
– Gain an understanding of key aspects of Arab world culture and society.
– Develop the ability to use Arabic in simple conversational contexts.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a foundational understanding of the Arabic language and the skills needed to continue their studies or use Arabic in basic conversational contexts.

  • The Introduction to Psychology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This course aims to introduce key concepts, theories, and research methods in psychology, offering insights into how psychological principles can be applied to various aspects of life.

    Course Objectives:

    – Foundation in Psychology: To introduce students to the fundamental concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Research Methods: To familiarize students with basic research methods used in psychological studies.
    – Application: To demonstrate how psychological principles can be applied to real situations.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical thinking skills through analysis and discussion of psychological concepts.
    – Awareness: To increase awareness of the various subfields within psychology

    Learning Outcomes:

    By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and describe key concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Apply psychological principles to everyday situations.
    – Analyze psychological research and critically evaluate findings.
    – Demonstrate knowledge of the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.
    – Discuss the ethical considerations in psychological research and practice.

  • The foundation year in mathematics is a preparatory program designed to equip students with the essential knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a degree course in mathematics or a related field.

    Course Objectives

    To provide a solid grounding in key mathematical concepts and techniques for students who may not have the required qualifications or who need to strengthen their understanding before embarking on a full degree program.

    Develop Problem-Solving Skills: Foster analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities that are crucial for higher-level mathematics.

    Build Confidence: Help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities through a structured and supportive learning environment.

Introduction to Computers course at Ramaas University involves designing a curriculum that covers fundamental aspects of computer science and information technology. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course provides a comprehensive overview of computer systems and their applications. It covers the basic principles of hardware, software, and networks, along with an introduction to programming and data management. The course aims to equip students with the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers in academic, professional, and personal contexts.

Course Objectives:

– Understand the basic components and functions of a computer system.
– Understanding basic components of a computer (hardware and software)
– Introduction to operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
– Inside the computer: CPU, memory, storage devices
– Develop problem-solving skills using computer technology.
– Explore the ethical and social implications of computing.
– Fundamentals of cybersecurity (passwords, encryption, malware)
– Common software applications (word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software)

Assessment Methods:

Participation in class discussions and activities
– Quizzes and exams on course material
– Practical assignments and projects
– Group projects and presentations
Final Porject

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a solid foundation in computer science, enabling them to utilize computer technology effectively in their academic and professional pursuits.

  • In this course, students will learn how to identify goals as they grow naturally and learn strategies for facilitating the evolution of those objectives. Students will learn about concepts such as bootstrapping and different marketing techniques, as well as how to start a business from the ground up.
    • The overall goal of this course is for you to develop clear reasoning and writing skills. By the end of the course, you should be able to employ critical thinking and writing strategies in your other courses and in life.

    • After completion this course, students should be able to analyze different text types and genres distinguish between different stylistic levels, produce coherent texts in formal and informal English.

    • Your course grade is based on how well you develop your thinking and reasoning abilities and the knowledge and skills to write clearly and effectively. You will have many other opportunities to demonstrate your thinking and writing skills in a series of smaller or scaffolding assignments. These smaller assignments are vital to your success in learning how to follow the writing process to produce university-level writing.
  • This Introduction to Research Methodology course will provide you with a overview of the various research methods used when addressing a research question, including quantitative methods for analysing data, qualitative research, study design, literature review and how to write a scientific paper.

  • The main purpose of this ccourse is to provide you with a broad introduction to the methodological foundations and tools to study mass communications. But a secondary purpose is to convince you that the process of scientific discovery can be fun. Most of the semester will focus on the fundamentals of quantitative social
    science and applied research, although we will also explore qualitative research.

  • You will learn how to identify problems to study, develop hypotheses and research questions, specify independent and dependent variables, check for the validity and reliability of studies and design research projects. You will be exposed to the broad range of designs used in communication research from laboratory and field experiments, surveys, content analysis, focus groups and in-depth interviewing.

  • The Global Studies course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary program aimed at providing students with a deep understanding of global issues, cultures, and systems. Below is an outline of what such a course might encompass.

    Overview:
    This Global Studies course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to understand and engage with the complexities of the globalized world. The course integrates various disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, history, and cultural studies to provide a holistic view of global dynamics.

    Core Objectives of this course:

    – Interdisciplinary Approach: To blend insights from multiple disciplines for a nuanced understanding of global issues.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical analysis and problem-solving skills.
    – Cultural Competence: To foster an appreciation of diverse cultures and global perspectives.
    – Global Awareness: To raise awareness about global challenges such as inequality, climate change, human rights, and international relations.
    – Research Skills: To enhance students’ ability to conduct comprehensive research on global topics.

    Skills Developed:

    -Analytical and critical thinking
    – Effective communication and presentation
    – Research and data analysis
    – Cultural sensitivity and adaptability
    – Policy analysis and strategic planning

     

Year 2

This subject covers the fundamentals that will allow you to understand Somalia’s constitutional system and the nature of the Somali state. This course offers an introduction to Somali constitutional law. In addition to examining questions of interpretive method, the course focuses on the powers of the federal government and the allocation of decision making authority among government institutions, including both federalism and separation of powers.

Course Overview:

The Peace and Conflict Studies course at Ramaas University is an interdisciplinary program designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the causes, dynamics, and resolution of conflicts. The course explores theories and practices related to peacebuilding, conflict resolution, and the prevention of violence. Students will engage with historical and contemporary case studies, and learn about the roles of international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and civil society in promoting peace.

Course Objectives: By the end of this course, students will:

  1. Understand key concepts and theories in peace and conflict studies.
  2. Analyze the root causes of conflicts and the factors that sustain them.
  3. Explore various methods and strategies for conflict resolution and peacebuilding.
  4. Evaluate the effectiveness of different peace processes and interventions.
  5. Develop critical thinking and analytical skills in the context of global and local conflicts.

Course Structure:

The course is divided into several modules, each focusing on different aspects of peace and conflict studies:

  1. Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies
    • Definitions and key concepts
    • Historical development of the field
    • Major theories and approaches

2. Causes and Dynamics of Conflict

    • Structural and proximate causes
    • Identity, ethnicity, and nationalism
    • Political, economic, and social factors

3. Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding

    • Negotiation and mediation techniques
    • Post-conflict reconstruction
    • Role of international organizations (UN, AU, etc.)

4. Case Studies of Conflict and Peace Processes

    • In-depth analysis of specific conflicts (e.g., Middle East, Africa, Balkans)
    • Successful and failed peace processes
    • Lessons learned

5. Role of Civil Society and Non-State Actors

    • Contributions of NGOs, community groups, and individuals
    • Grassroots peace initiatives
    • Women and youth in peacebuilding

6. Contemporary Challenges and Future Directions

    • Terrorism and counter-terrorism
    • Environmental conflicts
    • Cybersecurity and digital threats

Learning Methods:

The course employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and enhance their understanding:

  • Lectures and Readings: Foundational knowledge and theoretical frameworks.
  • Seminars and Discussions: Interactive sessions to discuss key issues and case studies.
  • Group Projects: Collaborative research on specific conflicts and peace processes.
  • Guest Speakers: Insights from practitioners and experts in the field.
  • Simulations and Role-Playing: Practical exercises to apply conflict resolution techniques.

Assessment:

Students will be assessed through a combination of methods to ensure a comprehensive evaluation of their understanding and skills:

  • Essays and Research Papers: Analytical writing on key topics and case studies.
  • Examinations: Testing knowledge of core concepts and theories.
  • Presentations: Oral presentations on group projects and individual research.
  • Participation: Engagement in class discussions and activities.

Recommended Readings:

  • “Contemporary Conflict Resolution” by Oliver Ramsbotham, Tom Woodhouse, and Hugh Miall.
  • “Peace and Conflict Studies” by David P. Barash and Charles P. Webel.
  • “The Anatomy of Peace: Resolving the Heart of Conflict” by The Arbinger Institute.
  • “War and Peace in International Relations” by Colin S. Gray.

The Peace and Conflict Studies course at Ramaas University equips students with the theoretical knowledge and practical skills needed to understand and address conflicts. Through a blend of academic study and practical exercises, students are prepared to contribute effectively to peacebuilding efforts in various contexts.

The History of War and Peace course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with an in-depth understanding of the complex dynamics between conflict and diplomacy throughout human history. The course covers a wide range of topics and time periods, offering a comprehensive examination of how wars have shaped societies and how peace efforts have sought to resolve conflicts.

Course Objectives:

  1. Understanding Causes of War:

    • Explore the political, economic, social, and cultural factors that lead to conflicts.
    • Analyze historical case studies to identify patterns and triggers of wars.

2. Military History:

    • Study major wars and battles in history, including their strategies, technologies, and outcomes.
    • Examine the evolution of military tactics and technologies over time.

3. Impact of War:

    • Assess the short-term and long-term impacts of wars on societies, economies, and cultures.
    • Understand the humanitarian consequences of conflicts.

4. Peace Processes and Diplomacy:

    • Investigate historical peace treaties and diplomatic efforts to resolve conflicts.
    • Learn about the role of international organizations and institutions in peacekeeping and conflict resolution.

5. War and Peace Theories:

    • Study various theoretical frameworks and philosophies related to war and peace.
    • Engage with scholarly debates on the morality, legality, and effectiveness of war and peace efforts.

6. Contemporary Conflicts and Resolutions:

    • Analyze modern conflicts and the challenges of achieving sustainable peace in the contemporary world.
    • Discuss the role of global powers, regional actors, and non-state entities in modern warfare and peacebuilding.

Course Structure:

The course is typically structured into several modules, each focusing on different historical periods and themes. These modules might include:

  1. Ancient and Medieval Warfare:

    • Early conflicts and the rise of empires.
    • Feudal warfare and the Crusades.

2. Early Modern Period:

    • The Thirty Years’ War and the Peace of Westphalia.
    • Colonial wars and their impact on global history.

3. 19th Century Conflicts:

    • The Napoleonic Wars and their aftermath.
    • Civil wars and nationalist movements.

4. World Wars:

    • World War I and the interwar period.
    • World War II and the establishment of the United Nations.

5. Cold War Era:

    • Nuclear arms race and proxy wars.
    • Détente and the end of the Cold War.

6. Post-Cold War Conflicts:

    • Regional conflicts and interventions.
    • The War on Terror and ongoing global security issues.

Teaching Methods:

  • Lectures and Seminars: Expert lectures supplemented by seminar discussions to deepen understanding.
  • Case Studies: In-depth analysis of specific wars and peace processes.
  • Guest Speakers: Talks by historians, diplomats, and veterans to provide firsthand perspectives.
  • Simulations and Role-Playing: Interactive exercises to simulate diplomatic negotiations and conflict resolution.
  • Research Projects: Independent research on selected topics, culminating in a final paper or presentation.

Assessment:

  • Examinations: Mid-term and final exams to test knowledge and analytical skills.
  • Essays: Written assignments on specific themes or case studies.
  • Presentations: Oral presentations to develop communication skills and share research findings.
  • Participation: Active participation in seminars and discussions.

Career Opportunities:

Students completing this course will have a solid foundation for careers in academia, diplomacy, international relations, defense analysis, non-governmental organizations, and more. The analytical skills and historical insights gained will be valuable in understanding contemporary global issues and contributing to peace and conflict resolution efforts.

Overall, the History of War and Peace course at Ramaas University aims to equip students with a nuanced understanding of the interplay between war and peace, fostering a deeper appreciation of the challenges and possibilities in striving for a more peaceful world.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

The Environmental Conflict and Resource Management course at Ramaas University likely focuses on understanding and addressing conflicts that arise over natural resources, such as water, land, minerals, and forests. Here’s a brief outline of what such a course might cover:

  1. Introduction to Environmental Conflict: Understanding the nature and causes of conflicts related to natural resources. This includes exploring different theoretical perspectives and case studies.

  2. Resource Management Frameworks: Studying various frameworks and approaches to managing natural resources sustainably, considering ecological, economic, and social factors.

  3. Conflict Resolution and Negotiation: Techniques and strategies for resolving conflicts related to environmental resources. This could involve mediation, negotiation, and conflict transformation methods.

  4. Policy and Governance: Analyzing policies and governance structures that influence resource management and contribute to or mitigate conflicts. This may include international conventions, national laws, and local governance mechanisms.

  5. Environmental Justice: Examining issues of equity and fairness in the distribution of environmental benefits and burdens, particularly in marginalized communities affected by resource conflicts.

  6. Case Studies and Practical Applications: Reviewing real-world examples of environmental conflicts and their management strategies. Students may engage in case studies to apply theoretical knowledge to practical scenarios.

  7. Role of Stakeholders: Understanding the roles and interests of various stakeholders involved in resource management and conflict resolution, such as government agencies, NGOs, local communities, and private sectors.

  8. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Exploring how resource management and conflict resolution contribute to achieving global sustainability goals, such as those outlined in the United Nations SDGs.

  9. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): Learning about the process of assessing the environmental consequences of projects, policies, or programs to avoid or mitigate conflicts.

  10. Future Challenges and Opportunities: Discussing emerging issues in environmental conflict and resource management, such as climate change impacts, technological advancements, and changing geopolitical landscapes.

This course would likely appeal to students interested in environmental studies, sustainability, international relations, and development, providing them with skills and knowledge to contribute to effective resource management and conflict resolution in various contexts.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

  • In this subject, you will learn the terminology and the conceptual foundations for the study of various branches of law. You will also acquire theoretical and historical knowledge of law that will give you the right perspective to analyse various legal solutions to common problems.
  • This course will provide you with an outline of seminal as well as current paradigms in peace studies. The main themes will touch upon issues such as governance of insecurities, peace-making and peace-building, before going on to look at local critiques of foreign peace-building and state-building and alternative perspectives on post-war reconstruction.

    During this course we will focus on Somali Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, will use knowledge and skills developed within years 1 and 2 of the Programme and apply those to new issues and emergent debates. This course will specifically equips students with detailed knowledge of current approaches to and understandings of peace and state-building and of governance in post-war societies.

    The course also uses subject-specific knowledge to develop and enhance critical analytical skills and original thinking.

  • Academic writing can be very different from other types of written English. This course has been developed to help you learn the basics of academic writing and develop your English language skills.

    You’ll develop some proficiency in key areas of ‘academic’ grammar, learn about the stages in essay writing, and produce an essay of your own. You’ll also explore how to organise an essay, write in an academic style, and use tools to evaluate your own writing and other learners’ writing, so that by the end of the course you’re able to write a good, basic academic essay.

In this subject, you will study one of the oldest and most essential vehicles of law, the one that regulates and organises the exchange of goods and services: contracts and obligations. This is an essential starting point for the consolidation of other areas of civil law and for tackling other legal disciplines (commercial law, financial law, etc.).

This course focuses on the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia such as human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law, justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature, executive and an independent judiciary, in order to ensure accountability.

  • Terrorism and security are the issues near the top of the political agenda in countries from across the globe. This ourse will provide students with knowledge and understanding of the various approaches to studying terrorism and initiatives that are intended to counter it. In particular, the history of terrorism, the evolution of relevant terrorism and its related concepts, domestic and international case studies, and current issues will all be considered in detail with a view to providing students with the means and ability to assess these areas critically. Central to the module is an analysis of the role of the state in respect of how its responds to terrorism, how it may attempt to prevent terrorism, and its role as a potential instigator and sponsor of terrorism.
  • This course seeks to familiarise you with the discipline of international political economy. The module begins by explaining the key characteristics of this discipline and its field of study. Different thinkers and traditions within political economy will be discussed (e.g. Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Keynes, Polanyi, Hayek and Friedman) and you will gain understanding of the complexities and nuances of globalisation in its different aspects (e.g. production, trade, finance, culture etc.). You will also be introduced to the relationship between the state and the economy through the discussions of various policies and their effects on underlying economic conditions. Economic and financial crises will also be discussed in some depth.

This subject provides an introduction to the main characteristics of the laws that govern the relationships between the main stakeholders in international society (public international law). We will cover topics such as the use of force, the law of the sea, aviation law, environmental law, etc.

The aim of this subject is to collectively cultivate social awareness in the practice of our profession. You will have the opportunity to apply your skills and competencies as a student of law by taking part in social work projects with special groups such as elderly people, at-risk youth and immigrants, as well as cases having to do with environmental problems.

Within the field of civil law, we will take an in-depth look at civil and commercial contracts of sale, special purchase agreements, exchanges, donations, leasing (urban and rural properties), construction contracts, service-provision contracts, etc., as well as essential concepts such as conflict-resolution, arbitration, security deposits, etc.

The Psychology of Conflict course examines the psychological mechanisms and dynamics that underlie conflicts, exploring both individual and group perspectives. The course integrates theoretical frameworks with practical applications, preparing students to analyze, manage, and resolve conflicts in various settings.

Key Topics:

  1. Introduction to Conflict Psychology
    • Definitions and types of conflict
    • Historical perspectives on conflict studies
    • The role of psychology in understanding conflict

2. Theoretical Frameworks

    • Social psychology theories of conflict (e.g., social identity theory, realistic conflict theory)
    • Cognitive and behavioral approaches
    • Psychoanalytic perspectives
    • Systems theory in conflict analysis

3. Individual Factors in Conflict

    • Personality traits and conflict styles
    • Emotional intelligence and regulation
    • Perception, biases, and attribution in conflict
    • Aggression and its psychological roots

4. Group and Intergroup Dynamics

    • Group formation and in-group/out-group dynamics
    • Stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination
    • Social identity and group cohesion
    • Collective behavior and mob psychology

5. Conflict Escalation and De-escalation

    • Stages of conflict escalation
    • Triggers and inhibitors of aggression
    • Negotiation and mediation strategies
    • Conflict resolution and peace-building

6. Communication and Conflict

    • Role of communication in conflict development
    • Nonverbal communication and miscommunication
    • Effective communication skills for conflict resolution

7. Cultural and Societal Influences

    • Cultural differences in conflict perception and management
    • Impact of societal norms and values on conflict
    • Global perspectives on conflict and peace

8. Special Topics in Conflict Psychology

    • Conflict in personal relationships (e.g., family, romantic, workplace)
    • Conflict in organizational settings
    • Political and international conflict
    • Post-conflict reconciliation and trauma

Course Objectives:

  • To understand the psychological theories and concepts related to conflict.
  • To analyze the role of individual and group dynamics in the development and resolution of conflicts.
  • To develop practical skills in communication, negotiation, and mediation.
  • To explore the impact of cultural, societal, and global factors on conflict.

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Identify and describe key psychological theories of conflict.
  • Analyze conflicts using psychological principles and frameworks.
  • Apply conflict resolution techniques in various contexts.
  • Reflect on their own conflict styles and develop strategies for effective conflict management.

Assessment Methods:

  • Written assignments and essays
  • Case study analyses
  • Examinations and quizzes
  • Group projects and presentations

Recommended Readings:

  • “The Anatomy of Peace: Resolving the Heart of Conflict” by The Arbinger Institute
  • “Interpersonal Conflict” by Joyce L. Hocker and William W. Wilmot
  • “The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations” by William G. Austin and Stephen Worchel
  • “Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life” by Marshall B. Rosenberg
  • “The Nature of Conflict: The Dynamics of Dispute and Resolution” by Carl J. Hosticka

This course would provide a comprehensive foundation for students interested in careers in psychology, counseling, human resources, international relations, and other fields where conflict management and resolution are essential skills.

Year 3

In this subject, you will gain a basic understanding of the main international organisations created since the birth of this new subject – public international law – in the 19th century: the United Nations (UN), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), etc.

  • This course offers a general introduction to the World International Trade Law (WTO Law), EU-law, Africa and the other parts of the world. Exploring the structure, principles and main WTO Agreements shaping international trade within the WTO will provide the students with a birds-eye view to international trade framework in general. The study of the relationship between WTO and EU will consist of the analysis of the status of the EU in the WTO, and the legal effect of WTO law in the EU.

In this subject, you will gain a deeper understanding of administrative law, with a focus on public administration. We will study the activities of public administrations and their main constituent entities, which are endowed with certain powers that give them a position of superiority with regard to citizens, so that they can effectively serve the general interest.

  • The Arab-Israeli conflict stands as one of the most enduring and, some claim, most intractable political issues in the modern Middle East, if not the whole world. This course offers a detailed examination of this ongoing conflict from its beginnings in the First World War until the present day. It explores the growth of the Zionist movement, the emergence of Palestinian nationalism, the impact of the critical years of 1948 and 1967 that saw the birth and consolidation of the state of Israel and the continuing dispossession of the Palestinians, and the ongoing attempts of forging a political solution since that time. The course is broadly chronological in shape, but uses primary and secondary sources to explore a range of issues including Israeli state and society, European and American intervention in the Middle East, terrorism and war, religion, and efforts to bring peace.

In this subject, you will acquire the necessary knowledge about international and European environmental law. Through practical application, you will learn about the most important international agreements, regulations and environmental guidelines and the future challenges they entail, among other topics.

From a theoretical and practical perspective, this subject will provide an introduction to the reality of diplomatic and consular relations, ad hoc diplomacy, relations with other subjects of international law, and agents and officials of international organisations.

This course provides an in-depth exploration of international relations theories, diplomatic practices, and global political dynamics. It covers the historical evolution of the international system, the role of key international organizations, and the impact of global issues such as security, economics, human rights, and environmental challenges on diplomacy.

Course Objectives:

  1. Understanding Theories and Concepts: Develop a strong foundation in the main theories and concepts of international relations and diplomacy.
  2. Historical Context: Analyze the historical context of the modern international system.
  3. Global Institutions: Examine the roles and functions of major international organizations such as the United Nations, World Bank, and International Monetary Fund.
  4. Contemporary Issues: Discuss contemporary global issues and their impact on international relations and diplomacy.
  5. Practical Skills: Develop practical diplomatic skills, including negotiation, communication, and conflict resolution.

Course Structure:

The course is divided into five modules, each covering different aspects of international relations and diplomacy.

Module 1: Introduction to International Relations

  • Week 1: Overview of International Relations
  • Week 2: Key Theories (Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism)
  • Week 3: The International System and Sovereignty

Module 2: History of International Relations

  • Week 4: The Westphalian System and the Emergence of Nation-States
  • Week 5: Colonialism, Imperialism, and the World Wars
  • Week 6: The Cold War Era and Post-Cold War World

Module 3: International Organizations and Law

  • Week 7: United Nations and its Agencies
  • Week 8: Regional Organizations (EU, ASEAN, AU)
  • Week 9: International Law and Human Rights

Module 4: Contemporary Issues in International Relations

  • Week 10: Global Security and Terrorism
  • Week 11: International Political Economy and Development
  • Week 12: Environmental Politics and Climate Change

Module 5: Diplomacy in Practice

  • Week 13: Diplomatic Communication and Protocol
  • Week 14: Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
  • Week 15: Case Studies in Diplomacy

Assessment:

  • Midterm Exam (20%)
  • Research Paper (30%): Students will write a research paper on a relevant topic in international relations and diplomacy.
  • Group Project (20%): A collaborative project involving a simulation of an international diplomatic negotiation.
  • Final Exam (30%)

Reading List:

  1. “International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity” by Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith
  2. “The Tragedy of Great Power Politics” by John Mearsheimer
  3. “Diplomacy” by Henry Kissinger
  4. “The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction” by Jussi M. Hanhimäki
  5. “Global Politics” by Andrew Heywood

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  1. Critically analyze major theories and concepts in international relations.
  2. Understand the historical evolution and current structure of the international system.
  3. Evaluate the roles and effectiveness of international organizations.
  4. Identify and discuss key contemporary global issues and their impact on international diplomacy.
  5. Demonstrate practical diplomatic skills through simulations and case studies.

This overview provides a comprehensive outline for an International Relations and Diplomacy course, ensuring that students receive a well-rounded education in both theoretical and practical aspects of the subject.

  • The Media and Conflict course at Ramaas University likely explores the intersection of media, journalism, and conflict dynamics. Typically, such courses delve into how media influences and shapes perceptions of conflicts, its role in conflict resolution or escalation, ethical considerations in reporting conflict, and the impact of media coverage on public opinion and policy. Topics may include propaganda, censorship, war journalism, peace journalism, digital media’s influence on conflict reporting, and the role of social media in modern conflicts.
  • Choosing between a work placement and a study option course depends on several factors, including your career goals, learning style, industry standards, and personal preferences. You’ll have the option to study or do a work placement. Not only will this give you an amazing experience to talk about but will also give your CV a boost.

     This offers you the opportunity to enhance your study and CV with a work placement. It’s a chance to explore career possibilities, make valuable contacts and gain sought after professional skills.

    – This is an important component of Ramaas University degrees, work placements help you to build academic expertise as well as to gain real-world experience. You’ll receive credit for your efforts, and you’ll learn the extra transferable skills needed to excel in your chosen career. You’ll also develop your ability to deal with pressure and hit crucial deadlines. All of which will make you stand out against the competition and impress employers when you graduate.

    – Ultimately, the decision between a work placement and a study option course should be based on your individual career objectives, learning preferences, and the specific opportunities available in your field. If possible, seek advice, other professionals, academic advisors to make an informed decision.

Year 4

This course in the Academic English: Writing specialization, and it is a more advanced writing course. It will help you raise the level of your writing and make you more aware of the type of writing you can expect in college. You’ll learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it using correct MLA citations. Also, you’ll learn to write a synthesis essay, which will help develop your critical thinking skills. Finally, you’ll write a documented essay, which will help further enhance your skill of using outside sources in your writing.

  • Advanced Argument Essays

In the previous class, you learned about writing argument essays. Here you’re going to learn how to make your essays more academic by writing more body paragraphs and adding support from outside sources. You will write a new argument essay, and since you already know how to write an argument, this will be a good way to practice using sources.

  • Avoiding Plagiarism

The topic of this module is very important for you to know about before you start taking college classes. Plagiarism is a kind of academic dishonesty that gets students into big trouble or even gets them dismissed from school. In this module, you will learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

  • Synthesis Essay

In classes, you will often be asked to read several articles and write an essay about an idea you form from reading the articles. This kind of essay is called a synthesis essay. In this module, you will be given two lists of articles to choose from. You will need to read the articles on your list and then write a synthesis essay. You will use sources from the articles to support your own ideas.

  • Documented Essay

In this course, you will start using the Internet to find your own outside sources to support your ideas. You will also try to write a longer essay than you have before. This module will give your more practice using quotes and paraphrase in your essay, and you will learn to use a Works Cited page to list your sources.

This course provides an in-depth understanding of the nature, dynamics, and resolution of conflicts. It aims to equip students with theoretical knowledge and practical skills to analyze conflicts and develop effective strategies for their resolution. The course covers various conflict resolution techniques, including negotiation, mediation, and peacebuilding, with a focus on both interpersonal and international conflicts.

Prerequisites: None. This course is suitable for students from diverse academic backgrounds interested in conflict studies, peace studies, international relations, sociology, psychology, and related fields.

Course Objectives: By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand the fundamental concepts and theories of conflict and conflict resolution.
  2. Analyze the causes and dynamics of conflicts at various levels (interpersonal, community, national, and international).
  3. Develop skills in conflict mapping and analysis to identify underlying issues and stakeholders.
  4. Evaluate different conflict resolution methods and their applicability in various contexts.
  5. Apply conflict resolution techniques such as negotiation, mediation, and facilitation in practical scenarios.
  6. Critically assess case studies of conflict resolution efforts around the world.

Course Outline:

Week 1: Introduction to Conflict Analysis and Resolution

  • Definition and types of conflicts
  • Historical overview of conflict resolution
  • Key concepts and terminologies

Week 2: Theories of Conflict

  • Structural theories
  • Behavioral theories
  • Conflict escalation and de-escalation

Week 3: Conflict Mapping and Analysis

  • Tools and techniques for conflict analysis
  • Identifying stakeholders and their interests
  • Conflict mapping exercises

Week 4: Negotiation Techniques

  • Principles of negotiation
  • Negotiation strategies and styles
  • Role-playing exercises

Week 5: Mediation and Facilitation

  • Mediation processes and principles
  • Skills of an effective mediator
  • Case studies in mediation

Week 6: Peacebuilding and Reconciliation

  • Approaches to peacebuilding
  • Post-conflict reconstruction
  • Truth and reconciliation commissions

Week 7: International Conflict Resolution

  • Role of international organizations (UN, NGOs)
  • Diplomatic strategies for conflict resolution
  • Case studies of international conflicts

Week 8: Cultural Perspectives on Conflict Resolution

  • Impact of culture on conflict and its resolution
  • Cross-cultural communication
  • Culturally sensitive conflict resolution practices

Week 9: Ethics in Conflict Resolution

  • Ethical dilemmas in conflict resolution
  • Professional standards and codes of conduct
  • Reflective practice and self-awareness

Week 10: Final Project and Presentations

  • Students present their analysis of a specific conflict
  • Application of conflict resolution techniques
  • Peer feedback and discussion

Assessment Methods:

  • Class Participation: 10%
  • Weekly Quizzes: 20%
  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Case Study Analysis: 20%
  • Final Project: 30%

Recommended Reading:

  1. “The Dynamics of Conflict Resolution: A Practitioner’s Guide” by Bernard Mayer
  2. “Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In” by Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton
  3. “Conflict Resolution: Theory, Research, and Practice” by James Schellenberg
  4. “Peacemaking and International Conflict: Methods and Techniques” by I. William Zartman

This course aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of conflict and the tools needed for effective resolution. Through a combination of theoretical knowledge and practical application, students will be prepared to handle conflicts in various settings professionally and ethically.

  • This course analyzes issues of leadership and statehood that run contrary to international norms and democratic standards. Students will investigate key case studies and examine how they offer challenges to the global community and international security. It acquaints students with problem areas and issues in world politics and gets them thinking of conflict-resolution strategies that are both short and long-term. How these strategies are employed within Somali foreign policy and their likely efficacy is also examined.
  • This course examines the Middle East with an emphasis on understanding the different political cultures and security issues across the region. Emphases will focus on individual domestic concerns, international positions, national security/economic interests, and alliances/conflicts between countries within and beyond the region. Particular attention is paid to non-state, transnational security threats and the interplay between secular and religious factions across the entire region.This intensive course adds to the upper-level Comparative Politics section of the program and allows for the development of a specific regional specialization, which is advantageous to the overall program objectives and future career opportunities.
  • This course examines various fundamentalist movements around the globe. Students evaluate how various ‘fundamentalisms’ impact domestic and global political processes. The process for morphing radicalism into political violence is examined. How various international factors can ameliorate/exacerbate extremism is examined.
  • This course examines how democratization projects in Somalia and around the world succeed or fail and the international dynamics that flow from that success/failure. International threats that emerge from the problems and flaws of implementation are investigated in depth. Case studies are used as teaching tools about international involvement and difficulties with that engagement. This upper-division course aims to make students competent in the long-term national security objectives of establishing peaceful, stable, and prosperous democracies and aware of the problems in accomplishing that goal.
  • This course investigates the various forms and differences of internal/domestic conflict. Students will be exposed to the global context of civil war and insurgency. Numerous case studies will be analyzed, exposing students to the nature and characteristics of revolution. Understanding the changes in our concepts of old/new wars and how that impacts international peacekeeping and global intervention will be highlighted. Students consider transnational issues that emerge within domestic conflicts and how democracy emerges as both a cause and effect within rebellion.
  • Bachelor of Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution Dissertation Project is a compulsory final project. It is a research-based project of 10,000 words. This module provides you with the opportunity to choose a research topic that you are especially interested in and work on your own initiative. It allows you the freedom of independent study under the guidance of your supervisor, to undertake research on a specific topic, and to enhance your ability to master appropriate primary and secondary materials.
  • This is your chance to develop a range of valuable skills different from those you have already gained from your undergraduate degree such as researching, planning, writing well, thinking analytically, synthesizing complicated information, and organizing your time. It can also play an important role in showing a potential employer that you are able to work independently, plan a bigger project, collect information, and find the answer to any specific problem.

Entry Requirements:

Document Requirements:

  • You will be required to submit the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this bachelor’s degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current secondary school, then you can still apply and you can provide your High School Certificate at a later date.

Your Secondary’s or University Certificate and Transcript:

  • Upload your secondary school’s certificate or university’s certificate and a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your high school (s) (original) or university if you are planning to earn double bachelor degree.

Personal Statement:

  • A photo passport and a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular bachelor’s degree programme.

You can apply and upload documents here

Study information

start:15 September – Campus
10 October – Online studies
10 January – Online studies
15 February – Campus

 

Place of Study:

Mogadishu Campus or Online Studies

Application fee: $35

Semester fee: $300

Application Deadline:Continuous recording. Applications are processed in the order in which they are received.
Duration:4 years full-time (campus and online studies)
5 years part-time (online studies only)
Degree::Bachelor Degree (Professional Degree)
Credits:180

Programme Instructors

Abdijabaar Sh. Ahmed, PhD Candidate

Programme leader and Instructor

Foad Warsame Abdi

Co-programme Leader and Instructor

Dr. Maryama Hassan

Subject Instructor

Abdihakim Abdisalam

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Shirac

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Idle, PhD

Subject Instructor

Wafa W. Ahmed

Course Advisor and Graduation Policy.

Dr. Abdullahi Sh. Mubarak Rashid

Co-program Leader and Instructor

Rooda Mohamed

Subject Instructor

Samina Khan, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hawa Osman, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hassan Garaad

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 17 1010 hello@ramaas.edu.so

Kafiya Abdillahi

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 62 4444 admissions@ramaas.edu.so

Are you ready to take the next step towards your brighter future?

Halkaan ka akhriso

Nabadda, Dagaalka, iyo Xallinta Khilaafaadka

Waa sharaxaad koobban oo ku saabsan Kulliyada Nabadda, Dagaalka, iyo Xallinta Khilaafaadka oo af Soomaali lagu diyaariyey.

The Admissions and Enrollment Management Office

Admission and Enrollments

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