Bachelor of Social Anthropology

Bachelor of Social Anthropology

The Bachelor of Social Anthropology at Ramaas University is a comprehensive program designed to provide students with an in-depth understanding of human societies, cultures, and their development. The program emphasizes both theoretical knowledge and practical skills, preparing graduates for diverse careers in research, academia, public policy, and various sectors that require cultural competence and analytical skills.

This degree programme is structured four years with a mix of core courses, electives, and hands-on learning experiences, with each year focusing on different aspects of social anthropology.

The degree programme combines theoretical frameworks with practical research methods to explore the diversity of human experiences across different cultures and historical periods. It blends natural and social sciences to provide a glimpse into the scientific and humanistic development of people throughout the centuries. It provides key insights into solving social, economic and political problems through a humanistic lens. Are you fascinated the study of humanity, social anthropology degree programme may suit you?

Bachelor of Social Anthropology Degree Educational Curriculum

To obtain Bachelor of Social Anthropology Degree, students are required to complete 180 credits. Courses may be taken on a full-time, part-time basis or Online Studies

Foundation Year (Sanadka Aasaasiga)

Anagoo raacayso qorshaha Wasaaradda Waxbarashada, Hiddaha Iyo Tacliinta Sare Soomaaliya ee sanadka aas-aasaiga ah ee arday kasta laga doonaayo inuu qaato sanadka ugu horreeya ee jaamacadda, ayaa waxay Jaamacadda Ramaas kusoo dartay koorsada Luuqada Afka Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta. Ujeedka ay Jaamacadda ka leedahay ayaa ah in hab-qoraalka toolmoon ee afka Soomaaliga si fiican ardayga loo barro. Qoritaanka Af Soomaaligu waa uu ka duwan yahay dhihitaanka afka, ama waxa aynnu odhan karnaa hadalka caadiga ah iyo dhigaalku waa ay kala geddisan yihiin. Waana muhiim in ardayda si toosan afka Soomaaliga dhigaalkiisa saxda ah loo barro.

  • Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsada: Macalimiinta dhigi doona koorsadan waa kuwa aqoon-duruqsan u leh qaab qoraalka afka Soomaaliya. Waxay bixin doonaan dulmar guud oo ku saabsan fikradaha iyo xirfadaha muhiimka ah ee qaab qoraalka toolmoon.
  • Cilmiga astaamaha qoraalka: Qoraaga aan waxba ka aqoon cilmiga astaamaynta qoraalka, ama astaan kasta aan dhigi karin booskeeda saxda ah, waxa uu la mid yahay askari aan wax ba ka aqoon cilmiga rididda qoriga, oo xabbad kasta aan ku dili karin qofkeeda cadowga ah.
  • Maxaad ku barran doontaa koorsadaan? waxaad ku barran doontaa sida saxda ah ee astaamaynta qoraalku, qeexid ahaan, calaamado kala muuqaal ah, kuwa loo adeegsado qoraalka, ujeedka ayaa ah in qoraalku si wacan loo akhrin karo erayadiisa, dhan kalena si uu u noqdo mid si cad loo fahmi karo ujeeddadiisa. Astaan la muuqaal ah astaan kale ma jirto. Tusaalle ahaan, astaanta joogsiga ( . ) waa mid ka muuqaal duwan astaanta joogsihakadka ( ; ). Sida oo kale, astaan la shaqo ah astaan kale ma jirto.
  • Suugaanta: Dhinaca kalle, koorsada waxaad ku barran doontaa hab-curinta suugaanta iyo macnayaasha guud ee ay xambaarsan yihiin.

Guud ahaan, ujeedka ay Jaamacadda Ramaas ka leedahay koorsadan ayaa ah in ardayda si fiican u bartaan qaab-qoraalka habboon, sixidda higgaadda erayada, sidoo kale dhowridda astaamaha iyo xeerarka dhigaalka, taasi oo qayb ka ah qoraalka. Taasina waa xil saaran qoraaga iyo tifaftiraha.

Civil Education and Civic Engagement course at Ramaas University would involve several key steps and components to ensure it effectively educates students on their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens. Here is a comprehensive outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices of civil education. It will cover topics such as civic responsibility, Somali government structure, civil rights and liberties, community involvement, and global citizenship. Through lectures, discussions, and hands-on projects, students will develop the skills and knowledge necessary to become informed and active participants in their communities and the broader society.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to become proactive and informed citizens, capable of contributing positively to their communities and society at large.

Critical Thinking and Problem-solving course is designed to equip students with the essential skills of critical thinking and problem-solving. It focuses on developing the ability to analyze complex situations, identify problems, generate solutions, and make informed decisions. By the end of the course, students will be able to apply these skills in academic, professional, and everyday contexts.

Course Objectives:

Understand Critical Thinking:

– Define critical thinking and its importance.
– Identify the components and characteristics of a critical thinker.
– Recognize common logical fallacies and biases.

Develop Problem-Solving Skills:

– Understand different problem-solving strategies and techniques.
– Apply structured approaches to problem-solving.
– Develop creative and innovative solutions to problems.

Enhance Analytical Skills:

– Analyze and interpret data effectively.
– Use analytical tools to assess situations and make decisions.
– Evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information.

Improve Decision-Making:

– Apply decision-making models to real-life scenarios.
– Understand the role of ethics in decision-making.
– Reflect on personal decision-making styles and their effectiveness.

Final Course Assessment:

– Participation and contribution to class discussions.
– Group projects and presentations.
– Individual assignments and case study analyses.
– Final exam covering theoretical and practical aspects.

English 100 at Ramaas University is a foundational course designed to enhance students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical thinking. This course aims to build a strong foundation in English, equipping students with the necessary skills to succeed in their academic and professional pursuits.


The primary objectives of English 100 are to:

Develop effective reading strategies for comprehending and analyzing various texts.
Improve writing skills, focusing on clarity, coherence, and organization.
Enhance grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary usage.
Cultivate critical thinking and the ability to construct well-supported arguments.
Foster an appreciation for literature and diverse written forms.

Curriculum and Content

The curriculum for English 100 covers a broad range of topics and activities, including:

Reading Comprehension: Students will engage with a variety of texts, including essays, articles, short stories, and poems. Emphasis will be placed on identifying main ideas, supporting details, and themes.

Writing Skills: Instruction will focus on the writing process, from brainstorming and outlining to drafting and revising. Students will learn to write different types of essays, such as narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays.

Grammar and Mechanics: Lessons will cover fundamental grammar rules, sentence structure, punctuation, and word usage. Regular exercises and quizzes will help reinforce these concepts.

Critical Thinking: Through class discussions, debates, and written assignments, students will practice analyzing texts and developing their own arguments.

Literature Appreciation: The course will introduce students to significant works of literature, exploring various genres and styles. This component aims to broaden students’ understanding and appreciation of literary art.

Teaching Methodology

English 100 employs a variety of teaching methods to engage students and facilitate learning:

Lectures: Instructors will provide comprehensive overviews of key concepts and skills.
Group Work: Collaborative activities and peer reviews will encourage students to learn from each other and improve their communication skills.
Writing Workshops: These sessions will offer hands-on practice in writing and revising, with feedback from both peers and instructors.
Interactive Discussions: Class discussions on readings and relevant topics will promote critical thinking and active participation.
Assignments and Assessments: Regular homework assignments, essays, quizzes, and exams will help track students’ progress and understanding.

Resources and Support

Students enrolled in English 100 will have access to various resources and support services, including:

Library Access: Comprehensive library resources, including books, academic journals, and online databases, to support reading and research.
Office Hours: Instructors will be available during designated office hours to provide additional help and answer questions.
Ramaas Online Learning Platform: A digital platform where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and participate in online discussions.

Assessment and Grading

Assessment in English 100 will be based on a combination of:
– Written assignments and essays
– Quizzes and exams
– Class participation and attendance
– Group projects and presentations
– Peer reviews and feedback

Grading will reflect students’ proficiency in reading, writing, and critical analysis, as well as their effort and engagement in the course.

English 100 at Ramaas University is an essential course for students seeking to improve their English language skills and academic performance. By fostering a strong foundation in reading, writing, and critical thinking, this course prepares students for future academic challenges and professional success.

  • Introduction to Arabic Language course at Ramaas University requires a well-structured curriculum that addresses the needs of beginners while progressively building up to more advanced skills. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:
This course provides an introduction to the Arabic language, covering the fundamentals of reading, writing, speaking, and understanding Arabic. It aims to equip students with basic communication skills and a foundational understanding of Arabic grammar and vocabulary. The course also introduces elements of Arabic culture to enhance language learning.

Course Objectives:
– Develop basic proficiency in reading and writing Arabic script.
– Acquire essential vocabulary and grammar for everyday communication.
– Build foundational skills in listening and speaking Arabic.
– Gain an understanding of key aspects of Arab world culture and society.
– Develop the ability to use Arabic in simple conversational contexts.

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a foundational understanding of the Arabic language and the skills needed to continue their studies or use Arabic in basic conversational contexts.

  • The Introduction to Psychology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This course aims to introduce key concepts, theories, and research methods in psychology, offering insights into how psychological principles can be applied to various aspects of life.

    Course Objectives:

    – Foundation in Psychology: To introduce students to the fundamental concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Research Methods: To familiarize students with basic research methods used in psychological studies.
    – Application: To demonstrate how psychological principles can be applied to real situations.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical thinking skills through analysis and discussion of psychological concepts.
    – Awareness: To increase awareness of the various subfields within psychology

    Learning Outcomes:

    By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and describe key concepts and theories in psychology.
    – Apply psychological principles to everyday situations.
    – Analyze psychological research and critically evaluate findings.
    – Demonstrate knowledge of the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.
    – Discuss the ethical considerations in psychological research and practice.

  • The Introduction to Chemistry course at Ramaas University is structured to give students a thorough grounding in the fundamental principles and concepts of chemistry. This course serves as a foundation for advanced study in chemistry and related disciplines, providing essential knowledge and practical skills.

    Course Objectives:

    – Fundamental Principles: To introduce the basic principles and concepts of chemistry.
    – Scientific Method: To develop an understanding of the scientific method and its application in chemistry.
    – Practical Skills: To provide hands-on experience with laboratory techniques and safety procedures.
    – Preparation for Advanced Study: To prepare students for more advanced courses in chemistry and related fields.

    Learning Outcomes:

  • By the end of the course, students will be able to:

    – Understand and explain the basic concepts and principles of chemistry.
    – Perform chemical calculations related to stoichiometry, gas laws, and solutions.
    – Apply the scientific method to design, conduct, and analyze experiments.
    – Demonstrate safe and proper laboratory techniques.
    – Interpret and analyze data to draw conclusions about chemical phenomena.

    For detailed information about the course schedule, syllabus, and specific requirements, students should refer to the course materials provided at the beginning of the semester and communicate with the instructor.

  • The foundation year in mathematics is a preparatory program designed to equip students with the essential knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a degree course in mathematics or a related field.

    Course Objectives

    To provide a solid grounding in key mathematical concepts and techniques for students who may not have the required qualifications or who need to strengthen their understanding before embarking on a full degree program.

    Develop Problem-Solving Skills: Foster analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities that are crucial for higher-level mathematics.

    Build Confidence: Help students build confidence in their mathematical abilities through a structured and supportive learning environment.

Introduction to Computers course at Ramaas University involves designing a curriculum that covers fundamental aspects of computer science and information technology. Here’s a detailed outline for such a course:

Course Description:

This course provides a comprehensive overview of computer systems and their applications. It covers the basic principles of hardware, software, and networks, along with an introduction to programming and data management. The course aims to equip students with the foundational skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers in academic, professional, and personal contexts.

Course Objectives:

– Understand the basic components and functions of a computer system.
– Understanding basic components of a computer (hardware and software)
– Introduction to operating systems (Windows, macOS, Linux)
– Inside the computer: CPU, memory, storage devices
– Develop problem-solving skills using computer technology.
– Explore the ethical and social implications of computing.
– Fundamentals of cybersecurity (passwords, encryption, malware)
– Common software applications (word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software)

Assessment Methods:

Participation in class discussions and activities
– Quizzes and exams on course material
– Practical assignments and projects
– Group projects and presentations
Final Porject

By the end of this course, students at Ramaas University will have a solid foundation in computer science, enabling them to utilize computer technology effectively in their academic and professional pursuits.

  • In this course, students will learn how to identify goals as they grow naturally and learn strategies for facilitating the evolution of those objectives. Students will learn about concepts such as bootstrapping and different marketing techniques, as well as how to start a business from the ground up.
    • The overall goal of this course is for you to develop clear reasoning and writing skills. By the end of the course, you should be able to employ critical thinking and writing strategies in your other courses and in life.

    • After completion this course, students should be able to analyze different text types and genres distinguish between different stylistic levels, produce coherent texts in formal and informal English.

    • Your course grade is based on how well you develop your thinking and reasoning abilities and the knowledge and skills to write clearly and effectively. You will have many other opportunities to demonstrate your thinking and writing skills in a series of smaller or scaffolding assignments. These smaller assignments are vital to your success in learning how to follow the writing process to produce university-level writing.
  • This Introduction to Research Methodology course will provide you with a overview of the various research methods used when addressing a research question, including quantitative methods for analysing data, qualitative research, study design, literature review and how to write a scientific paper.

  • The main purpose of this ccourse is to provide you with a broad introduction to the methodological foundations and tools to study mass communications. But a secondary purpose is to convince you that the process of scientific discovery can be fun. Most of the semester will focus on the fundamentals of quantitative social
    science and applied research, although we will also explore qualitative research.

  • You will learn how to identify problems to study, develop hypotheses and research questions, specify independent and dependent variables, check for the validity and reliability of studies and design research projects. You will be exposed to the broad range of designs used in communication research from laboratory and field experiments, surveys, content analysis, focus groups and in-depth interviewing.

  • The Global Studies course at Ramaas University offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary program aimed at providing students with a deep understanding of global issues, cultures, and systems. Below is an outline of what such a course might encompass.

    This Global Studies course is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to understand and engage with the complexities of the globalized world. The course integrates various disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, history, and cultural studies to provide a holistic view of global dynamics.

    Core Objectives of this course:

    – Interdisciplinary Approach: To blend insights from multiple disciplines for a nuanced understanding of global issues.
    – Critical Thinking: To develop critical analysis and problem-solving skills.
    – Cultural Competence: To foster an appreciation of diverse cultures and global perspectives.
    – Global Awareness: To raise awareness about global challenges such as inequality, climate change, human rights, and international relations.
    – Research Skills: To enhance students’ ability to conduct comprehensive research on global topics.

    Skills Developed:

    -Analytical and critical thinking
    – Effective communication and presentation
    – Research and data analysis
    – Cultural sensitivity and adaptability
    – Policy analysis and strategic planning


Year 2

This subject covers the fundamentals that will allow you to understand Somalia’s constitutional system and the nature of the Somali state. This course offers an introduction to Somali constitutional law. In addition to examining questions of interpretive method, the course focuses on the powers of the federal government and the allocation of decision making authority among government institutions, including both federalism and separation of powers.

  • The Introduction to Social Anthropology course at Ramaas University is designed to provide students with a foundational understanding of the field of social anthropology. Throughout the course, students explore key concepts, methodologies, and theories that are central to the study of human societies and cultures from an anthropological perspective.

    Topics covered typically include:

    1. Foundations of Anthropology: An overview of the history and development of anthropology as a discipline, including its subfields and key figures.

    2. Culture and Society: Exploration of the concepts of culture, society, and social organization, and how these shape human behavior and interactions.

    3. Ethnography and Fieldwork: Introduction to ethnographic methods, emphasizing participant observation, interviews, and qualitative data collection techniques.

    4. Kinship and Family: Examination of kinship systems, family structures, and the ways in which these vary across different cultures.

    5. Economic Systems: Study of economic practices, exchange systems, and the relationship between economics and social organization.

    6. Political Systems: Analysis of political structures, power dynamics, authority, and governance within societies.

    7. Religion and Ritual: Exploration of religious beliefs, rituals, and their significance in cultural contexts.

    8. Globalization and Contemporary Issues: Discussion on how globalization impacts societies, cultures, and identities in the modern world.

    The course typically combines theoretical discussions with case studies drawn from various cultures around the world, encouraging students to critically analyze and interpret different social phenomena. Practical exercises such as reading ethnographies, conducting mini-fieldwork projects, and participating in class discussions are often integral to the learning experience.

    By the end of the course, students are expected to have a broad understanding of the fundamental concepts in social anthropology and the ability to apply anthropological perspectives to contemporary social issues.

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

Course Description: This course provides an introduction to Cultural Anthropology, focusing on the study of human societies and cultures. Students will explore various cultural practices, beliefs, and social structures across different societies. The course aims to develop an understanding of cultural diversity and the factors that influence cultural change.

Key Topics:

  1. Introduction to Anthropology:
    • Definition and scope of anthropology
    • Subfields of anthropology: Cultural, Biological, Linguistic, and Archaeology

2. Methods in Cultural Anthropology:

    • Ethnography and participant observation
    • Interviews and surveys
    • Comparative methods

3. Culture and Society:

    • Definition of culture – Somali Culture
    • Cultural norms, values, and symbols
    • Socialization and enculturation

4. Kinship and Family:

    • Kinship systems
    • Marriage and family structures
    • Descent and inheritance

5. Economics and Subsistence:

    • Modes of production
    • Economic systems and exchange
    • The impact of globalization

6. Politics and Social Control:

    • Forms of political organization
    • Power and authority
    • Social order and law

7. Religion and Belief Systems:

    • Functions of religion in society
    • Rituals and ceremonies
    • Magic, witchcraft, and science

8. Language and Communication:

    • Language as a cultural phenomenon
    • Sociolinguistics
    • Language change and preservation

9. Art and Expressive Culture:

    • Forms of artistic expression
    • The role of art in society
    • Cultural heritage and identity

10. Globalization and Culture Change:

    • Effects of globalization on cultures
    • Cultural adaptation and resistance
    • Issues of cultural preservation

Course Objectives: By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Understand the basic concepts and methods of cultural anthropology.
  • Analyze cultural practices and social structures in various societies.
  • Appreciate cultural diversity and the complexities of cultural change.
  • Apply anthropological perspectives to contemporary social issues.

Assessment Methods:

  • Participation and Attendance: Regular attendance and active participation in class discussions.
  • Assignments: Written assignments and ethnographic projects.
  • Exams: Midterm and final exams covering key concepts and case studies.
  • Group Projects: Collaborative research projects and presentations.

Recommended Readings:

  • “Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age” by Kenneth J. Guest
  • “The Anthropology of Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft” by Rebecca L. Stein and Philip L. Stein
  • “Seeing Anthropology: Cultural Anthropology Through Film” by Karl G. Heider

Course Format:

  • Lectures: Weekly lectures to introduce and explain key concepts and theories.
  • Discussions: Regular discussion sessions to engage with readings and films.
  • Fieldwork: Opportunities for practical fieldwork and ethnographic research.

This is a general outline, and specific details may vary depending on the instructor and university curriculum. If you need more specific information about the Cultural Anthropology course at Ramaas University, such as the syllabus, contact details for the instructor, or enrollment procedures, please let’s us know!

  • This course examines the basis for the Human Rights discourse moving from the particular Somali legal situation to the wider aspects of the UN Convention, focusing on and establishing threads of similarities in order to establish a cohesive picture of Human Rights.

    This course also explores the extent to which key African human rights concepts and principles are apt in maintaining a healthy relationship between the African states and the world institutions. It pays particular attention to a number of fundamental rights and their interplay including the prohibition of torture, the right to life, aspects of fair trial, the right to private life, religious freedom, and freedom of expression.

  • In this subject, you will learn the terminology and the conceptual foundations for the study of various branches of law. You will also acquire theoretical and historical knowledge of law that will give you the right perspective to analyse various legal solutions to common problems.
  • This course will provide you with an outline of seminal as well as current paradigms in peace studies. The main themes will touch upon issues such as governance of insecurities, peace-making and peace-building, before going on to look at local critiques of foreign peace-building and state-building and alternative perspectives on post-war reconstruction.

    During this course we will focus on Somali Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, will use knowledge and skills developed within years 1 and 2 of the Programme and apply those to new issues and emergent debates. This course will specifically equips students with detailed knowledge of current approaches to and understandings of peace and state-building and of governance in post-war societies.

    The course also uses subject-specific knowledge to develop and enhance critical analytical skills and original thinking.

  • Academic writing can be very different from other types of written English. This course has been developed to help you learn the basics of academic writing and develop your English language skills.

    You’ll develop some proficiency in key areas of ‘academic’ grammar, learn about the stages in essay writing, and produce an essay of your own. You’ll also explore how to organise an essay, write in an academic style, and use tools to evaluate your own writing and other learners’ writing, so that by the end of the course you’re able to write a good, basic academic essay.

A course in Regional Ethnographies typically explores the cultural practices, social structures, and identities of specific regions or communities around the world. It focuses on understanding these aspects through anthropological lenses, often highlighting how local cultures interact with broader global forces.

Key topics might include:

  1. Ethnographic Methods: Introduction to research methods used in ethnography, such as participant observation, interviews, and qualitative analysis.

  2. Cultural Identity: Exploration of how cultural identities are formed, expressed, and maintained within specific regional contexts.

  3. Social Structures: Analysis of the social organization within communities, including kinship systems, political structures, and economic practices.

  4. Globalization and Local Responses: Examination of how globalization influences local cultures and how communities respond and adapt to global changes.

  5. Case Studies: In-depth studies of specific regions or communities, focusing on their unique cultural practices, rituals, belief systems, and everyday life.

  6. Ethical Considerations: Discussion of ethical issues in ethnographic research, such as informed consent, confidentiality, and the researcher’s role in the community.

  7. Comparative Analysis: Comparative approaches to understanding cultural diversity and similarities across different regions or communities.

  8. Contemporary Issues: Exploration of current issues affecting regional cultures, such as migration, environmental challenges, tourism, and political movements.

Overall, a Regional Ethnographies course provides students with a deep understanding of cultural diversity and the complex interactions between global processes and local identities. It encourages critical thinking and a nuanced appreciation of cultural differences while emphasizing the importance of respectful engagement with the communities being studied.

This course focuses on the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia such as human rights, the rule of law, general standards of international law, justice, participatory consultative and inclusive government, the separation of powers between the legislature, executive and an independent judiciary, in order to ensure accountability.

Course Description: This course delves into the fundamental anthropological concept of kinship, examining how different cultures define and organize familial relationships. It explores various kinship systems, marriage practices, descent groups, and the role of kinship in social organization and individual identity. The course also addresses contemporary issues and changes in kinship patterns due to globalization, technology, and social change.

Key Topics

  1. Introduction to Kinship

    • Definition and importance of kinship in anthropology.
    • Historical development of kinship studies.

2. Basic Kinship Concepts

    • Terminology: consanguinity, affinity, descent, lineage, clan, moiety.
    • Kinship diagrams and symbols.

3. Descent Systems

    • Unilineal (patrilineal, matrilineal) descent.
    • Bilateral and ambilineal descent.
    • Double descent.

3. Marriage and Alliance

    • Islamic values in marriage
    • Forms of marriage: monogamy, polygamy (polygyny, polyandry).
    • Rules of marriage: exogamy, endogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy.
    • Bridewealth, dowry, and other marriage exchanges.

4. Family and Household Structures

    • Nuclear and extended families.
    • Joint and stem families.
    • Household composition and residence patterns.

5. Kinship and Social Organization

    • Role of kinship in social structure.
    • Kinship and political organization: tribes, chiefdoms, states.
    • Kinship and economic organization: pastoralism, agriculture, industrial societies.

6. Kinship and Identity

    • Kinship and personal identity. 
    • Naming practices and their social significance.
    • Kinship and social roles. (Guurka iyo qabiilada Soomaalida)

7. Contemporary Issues in Kinship

    • Impact of globalization on kinship structures.
    • Changes in marriage and family patterns.
    • New reproductive technologies and kinship.

Learning Objectives By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  • Understand and apply basic kinship terminology and concepts.
  • Analyze different kinship systems and their social functions.
  • Critically evaluate the role of kinship in various social contexts.
  • Discuss contemporary changes and challenges in kinship systems.

Course Structure

  • Lectures: Weekly lectures covering theoretical frameworks and ethnographic case studies.
  • Readings: Assigned textbook chapters and scholarly articles.
  • Discussions: Weekly discussion groups to engage with the material and apply concepts to real-world examples.
  • Assignments: Kinship diagram exercises, ethnographic analysis, research papers.
  • Examinations: Midterm and final exams to assess understanding of course material.

Recommended Texts

  • “Kinship and Social Organization” by W. H. R. Rivers.
  • “The Elementary Structures of Kinship” by Claude Lévi-Strauss.
  • “Kinship in Action: Self and Group” by Harold W. Scheffler.
  • “Schneider on Schneider: The Conversion of the Jews and Other Anthropological Stories” by David M. Schneider.


  • Participation: 10%
  • Assignments: 30%
  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Research Paper: 20%
  • Final Exam: 20%

This outline should give you a comprehensive idea of what to expect in a Kinship and Social Organization course, highlighting key themes and objectives to guide your learning.

Economic Anthropology is a subfield of anthropology that examines how human societies organize the production, distribution, and consumption of resources. This course provides an in-depth understanding of the cultural, social, and economic factors that influence economic behavior in different societies.

Course Objectives:

  • Understand the fundamental theories and concepts in economic anthropology.
  • Analyze the relationship between culture and economic systems.
  • Explore the diversity of economic practices across different societies.
  • Examine case studies to understand how economic activities are embedded in social and cultural contexts.

Course Outline:

Week 1: Introduction to Economic Anthropology

  • Definition and scope of economic anthropology
  • Key concepts: economy, culture, and society
  • History and development of the field

Week 2: Theoretical Frameworks

  • Formalist vs. substantivist debate
  • Political economy and its relevance to anthropology
  • Evolutionary approaches to economic anthropology

Week 3: Modes of Production

  • Foraging and hunter-gatherer economies
  • Pastoralism and nomadic societies
  • Agricultural systems and peasant economies

Week 4: Exchange Systems

  • Reciprocity and gift economies
  • Barter systems and their social implications
  • Market economies and capitalism

Week 5: Consumption and Material Culture

  • The anthropology of consumption
  • The role of commodities in social life
  • Consumerism and its cultural dimensions

Week 6: Labor and Work

  • Division of labor in different societies
  • Gender roles and economic activities
  • Informal economies and shadow work

Week 7: Money and Finance

  • The origins and functions of money
  • Credit, debt, and financial systems
  • Economic crises and their social impact

Week 8: Globalization and Economic Change

  • Globalization and its effects on local economies
  • Migration and remittances
  • Transnational corporations and economic inequality

Week 9: Economic Anthropology of Development

  • Development theories and practices
  • The role of NGOs and international organizations
  • Case studies on development projects

Week 10: Contemporary Issues in Economic Anthropology

  • Environmental sustainability and economic practices
  • Digital economies and the gig economy
  • Future directions in economic anthropology

Assessment Methods:

  • Participation in class discussions
  • Weekly reading reflections
  • Mid-term essay on a selected topic
  • Group project on an economic system in a specific culture
  • Final exam covering course material

Recommended Readings:

  • “Economic Anthropology: History, Ethnography, Critique” by Chris Hann and Keith Hart
  • “The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies” by Marcel Mauss
  • “Stone Age Economics” by Marshall Sahlins
  • “Debt: The First 5,000 Years” by David Graeber
  • “Development as Freedom” by Amartya Sen

Additional Resources:

  • Journal articles from Economic Anthropology and American Anthropologist
  • Case studies and ethnographies
  • Documentaries and media related to economic practices

This course aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the economic aspects of human life from an anthropological perspective, preparing them for further studies or careers in anthropology, development, or related fields.

The aim of this subject is to collectively cultivate social awareness in the practice of our profession. You will have the opportunity to apply your skills and competencies as a student of law by taking part in social work projects with special groups such as elderly people, at-risk youth and immigrants, as well as cases having to do with environmental problems.

This course provides an in-depth examination of the major theoretical frameworks that have shaped the field of anthropology. By exploring classical and contemporary social theories, students will gain a comprehensive understanding of how anthropologists interpret cultural and social phenomena.

Course Objectives:

  1. Understand the historical development of anthropological theory.
  2. Critically analyze key theoretical frameworks.
  3. Apply theoretical perspectives to ethnographic data.
  4. Explore the interplay between theory and practice in anthropological research.
  5. Develop skills in theoretical thinking and argumentation.

Course Structure:

The course is divided into four main modules, each focusing on a different set of theoretical perspectives.

Module 1: Foundations of Anthropological Theory

Week 1: Introduction to Social Theory in Anthropology

  • Overview of course structure and objectives
  • Importance of theory in anthropology
  • Key terms and concepts

Week 2: Evolutionism and Social Darwinism

  • Early theories of social evolution (Tylor, Morgan)
  • Critiques of social Darwinism
  • Legacy and impact on anthropology

Week 3: Structural-Functionalism

  • Key proponents: Durkheim, Radcliffe-Brown, Malinowski
  • Concepts of social structure and function
  • Critiques and contemporary relevance

Week 4: Cultural Materialism

  • Marvin Harris and the principles of cultural materialism
  • Methodological approaches
  • Applications and critiques

Module 2: Interpretive and Symbolic Anthropology

Week 5: Symbolic and Interpretive Anthropology

  • Key figures: Geertz, Turner
  • Thick description and interpretive methods
  • Symbolism in cultural practices

Week 6: Structuralism

  • Claude Lévi-Strauss and the structure of myths
  • Binary oppositions and cultural universals
  • Critiques of structuralism

Week 7: Post-Structuralism

  • Foucault’s influence on anthropology
  • Power, knowledge, and discourse
  • Deconstruction and its implications for anthropological research

Module 3: Critical and Contemporary Theories

Week 8: Marxist Anthropology

  • Marxist theory and anthropology
  • Class, power, and ideology in anthropological analysis
  • Contemporary applications

Week 9: Feminist Anthropology

  • Gender as a critical lens
  • Key contributors: Ortner, Strathern, Lamphere
  • Intersectionality and critiques

Week 10: Postcolonial Theory

  • Influence of Said, Spivak, Bhabha
  • Decolonizing methodologies
  • Postcolonial critiques of anthropology

Week 11: Practice Theory

  • Bourdieu’s habitus and field
  • Giddens’ structuration theory
  • Applications in ethnographic research

Module 4: Contemporary Directions in Anthropological Theory

Week 12: Actor-Network Theory

  • Bruno Latour and the principles of ANT
  • Networks and materiality
  • Critiques and uses in anthropology

Week 13: Affect Theory

  • The role of emotions and affect in social life
  • Key contributors: Massumi, Ahmed
  • Methodological approaches

Week 14: Multispecies Ethnography

  • Anthropocentrism in anthropology
  • Human-animal relationships
  • Ethical considerations

Week 15: Final Discussions and Applications

  • Synthesizing theoretical perspectives
  • Applying theory to contemporary issues
  • Course review and final project presentations

Assessment Methods:

  • Participation and Attendance: 10%
  • Weekly Reading Responses: 20%
  • Midterm Exam: 20%
  • Research Paper: 30%
  • Final Presentation: 20%

Key Readings:

  • Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures.
  • Lévi-Strauss, Claude. Structural Anthropology.
  • Bourdieu, Pierre. Outline of a Theory of Practice.
  • Ortner, Sherry B. Anthropology and Social Theory: Culture, Power, and the Acting Subject.
  • Latour, Bruno. Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory.

Course Policies:

  • Academic Integrity: Adherence to university policies on academic honesty is mandatory.
  • Attendance: Regular attendance and active participation are expected.
  • Late Submissions: Assignments submitted late will incur a penalty unless prior arrangements are made.

This course outline provides a comprehensive framework for understanding social theory in anthropology, enabling students to engage with and apply these theories in their own research and analysis.

Year 3

In this subject, you will gain a deeper understanding of administrative law, with a focus on public administration. We will study the activities of public administrations and their main constituent entities, which are endowed with certain powers that give them a position of superiority with regard to citizens, so that they can effectively serve the general interest.

An Ethnographic Methods course typically aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the tools and techniques used in ethnographic research. Ethnography is a qualitative research method commonly used in anthropology, sociology, and other social sciences to study cultures and communities through direct observation, participation, and immersion.

Course Outline

Week 1-2: Introduction to Ethnography

  • History and Evolution of Ethnography: Understanding its origins and development over time.
  • Key Concepts: Culture, society, fieldwork, participant observation.

Week 3-4: Research Design and Ethics

  • Formulating Research Questions: Developing relevant and researchable questions.
  • Ethical Considerations: Informed consent, confidentiality, and ethical dilemmas in the field.

Week 5-6: Data Collection Methods

  • Participant Observation: Techniques for observing and participating in community activities.
  • Interviews and Focus Groups: Conducting structured, semi-structured, and unstructured interviews.
  • Field Notes and Journals: Effective note-taking and journaling practices.

Week 7-8: Data Analysis and Interpretation

  • Coding and Thematic Analysis: Techniques for organizing and interpreting data.
  • Narrative Analysis: Understanding and constructing narratives from ethnographic data.

Week 9-10: Writing Ethnography

  • Writing Strategies: Crafting clear, engaging, and analytical ethnographic texts.
  • Ethnographic Genres: Different styles and formats of ethnographic writing.

Week 11-12: Applying Ethnography

  • Applied Ethnography: Using ethnographic methods in non-academic settings like businesses, NGOs, etc.
  • Case Studies: Analyzing real-world examples of ethnographic research.

Key Readings and Resources


  • “The Ethnographic Interview” by James P. Spradley: A comprehensive guide to conducting ethnographic interviews.
  • “Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes” by Robert M. Emerson, Rachel I. Fretz, and Linda L. Shaw: Essential techniques for recording and analyzing field data.
  • “Ethnography: Principles in Practice” by Martyn Hammersley and Paul Atkinson: An overview of ethnographic methods and their applications.


  • “Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight” by Clifford Geertz: A classic example of interpretive ethnography.
  • “Argonauts of the Western Pacific” by Bronislaw Malinowski: A foundational ethnographic study.

Online Resources

  • SAGE Research Methods: A repository of resources and tutorials on various research methods, including ethnography.
  • Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Conference (EPIC): A resource for applied ethnographic research.

Reflection Journals:

  • Objective: Maintain a journal documenting fieldwork experiences, reflections, and challenges.
  • Process: Weekly entries discussing observations, interactions, and personal insights.

Group Discussions and Presentations:

  • Objective: Facilitate collaborative learning and peer feedback.
  • Process: Group discussions on key readings, followed by presentations on various aspects of ethnographic research.


  • Participation: Active involvement in class discussions and activities.
  • Assignments: Quality and depth of fieldwork projects, reflection journals, and presentations.
  • Exams: Mid-term and final exams covering theoretical and practical aspects of ethnography.

Learning Outcomes: By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Design and conduct an ethnographic study.
  • Apply ethical principles in ethnographic research.
  • Analyze and interpret qualitative data.
  • Communicate ethnographic findings effectively through written and oral presentations.
  • Taking a Contemporary Anthropological Theory course can offer a deep dive into current debates, methodologies, and key theorists shaping the field today. You’ll likely explore topics such as postcolonialism, anthropology, critical theory, and the intersection of anthropology with other disciplines like sociology and cultural studies.
  • It’s a great opportunity to engage with cutting-edge research and develop a critical understanding of how anthropological knowledge evolves in response to global challenges and cultural shifts. If you have specific aspects or theorists you’re interested in exploring further, feel free to ask!
  • This course offers a general introduction to the World International Trade Law (WTO Law), EU-law, Africa and the other parts of the world. Exploring the structure, principles and main WTO Agreements shaping international trade within the WTO will provide the students with a birds-eye view to international trade framework in general. The study of the relationship between WTO and EU will consist of the analysis of the status of the EU in the WTO, and the legal effect of WTO law in the EU.

An Anthropology of Language course typically explores the intricate relationship between language and culture, focusing on how language shapes and is shaped by social practices, identities, and power structures. Here’s an outline of what this course might cover:

Course Outline

Week 1: Introduction to the Anthropology of Language

  • Overview of linguistic anthropology
  • Key concepts: language, culture, society
  • Historical development of linguistic anthropology

Week 2: Language and Culture

  • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
  • Language as a cultural practice
  • Case studies from diverse cultures

Week 3: Language and Social Identity

  • Language and ethnicity
  • Gender and language
  • Sociolects and dialects

Week 4: Language Acquisition and Socialization

  • First language acquisition
  • Language socialization in different cultures
  • Bilingualism and multilingualism

Week 5: Language and Power

  • Language ideology
  • Hegemony and resistance in language
  • Language policy and planning

Week 6: Language and Thought

  • Linguistic relativity
  • Cognitive anthropology
  • The role of language in shaping perception and cognition

Week 7: Communication and Context

  • Pragmatics and speech acts
  • Conversational analysis
  • Non-verbal communication

Week 8: Language and Technology

  • The impact of digital communication
  • Language change in the digital age
  • Online communities and language use

Week 9: Field Methods in Linguistic Anthropology

  • Ethnographic methods
  • Recording and analyzing speech
  • Ethical considerations in fieldwork

Week 10: Case Studies in Linguistic Anthropology

  • In-depth analysis of specific linguistic communities
  • Language preservation and revitalization
  • Endangered languages

Week 11: Language, Migration, and Globalization

  • Language and diaspora
  • Transnational communication
  • Globalization and language change

Week 12: Language in Education

  • Language policy in education
  • Multilingual education
  • Language, literacy, and learning

Week 13: Current Issues and Future Directions

  • Contemporary debates in linguistic anthropology
  • Emerging research areas
  • The future of linguistic diversity

Week 14: Student Presentations

  • Presentations on individual research projects
  • Peer feedback and discussion

Key Readings

  1. “Language, Culture, and Society” by Zdenek Salzmann, James Stanlaw, and Nobuko Adachi
  2. “Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader” edited by Alessandro Duranti
  3. “Language in Society: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics” by Suzanne Romaine
  4. “The Power of Language: How Discourse Influences Society” by Lynne Cameron and Robert Maslen

Assignments and Evaluation

  1. Weekly Readings and Discussions (20%)

    • Engage with assigned readings
    • Participate in class discussions

2. Short Response Papers (20%)

    • Write brief essays responding to key themes from the readings

3. Ethnographic Project (30%)

    • Conduct a mini fieldwork project on a language-related topic
    • Present findings in a written report and oral presentation

4. Final Exam (30%)

    • Comprehensive exam covering all course materials

In this subject, you will acquire the necessary knowledge about international and European environmental law. Through practical application, you will learn about the most important international agreements, regulations and environmental guidelines and the future challenges they entail, among other topics.

Anthropology of Globalization is a dynamic and pertinent area within anthropology today. This course typically examines how cultural, economic, political, and social processes intersect and transform in a globalized world. Key topics often include:

  1. Global Flows: Analyzing the movement of people, goods, ideas, and information across borders.

  2. Cultural Hybridity: Exploring how cultures blend and adapt in response to global interactions.

  3. Political Economy: Investigating the impact of globalization on local economies and societies.

  4. Development and Inequality: Examining how globalization affects development trajectories and exacerbates or alleviates inequalities.

  5. Environmental Anthropology: Considering how globalization impacts natural environments and local ecologies.

  6. Identity and Belonging: Discussing how globalization influences identities, including ethnicity, nationality, and gender.

Courses in this field often encourage critical thinking about the complexities and consequences of globalization, as well as offering insights into how anthropologists study these phenomena through ethnographic research and theoretical frameworks. If you have any specific aspects of the Anthropology of Globalization you’re curious about, feel free to ask!

Studying political anthropology can be fascinating as it explores the intersection of politics and culture across different societies. Here are some key topics you might encounter in a political anthropology course:

  1. Political Systems: Examination of different forms of political organization, from stateless societies to complex nation-states.

  2. Power and Authority: Analysis of how power is structured, maintained, and challenged within societies, including issues of legitimacy and coercion.

  3. Political Rituals and Symbols: Study of rituals, ceremonies, and symbols that legitimize political authority and create social cohesion.

  4. Political Economy: Understanding how economic systems intersect with political structures and influence social relations.

  5. Political Violence: Exploration of the causes and consequences of political conflicts, including war, insurgency, and terrorism.

  6. Globalization and Governance: Examination of how global forces shape local politics and the emergence of new forms of governance beyond the nation-state.

  7. Gender and Politics: Analysis of how gender roles and relations influence political power and decision-making processes.

  8. Ethnicity and Nationalism: Study of how ethnic identities and nationalist movements impact political dynamics and state formation.

  9. Anthropology of Law: Exploration of legal systems, justice mechanisms, and the role of law in maintaining social order.

  10. Political Change and Resistance: Examination of social movements, revolutions, and other forms of political change from an anthropological perspective.

Political anthropology often employs ethnographic methods to study these topics, emphasizing a holistic understanding of political phenomena within their cultural and historical contexts. Courses may also delve into theoretical frameworks such as structural-functionalism, Marxism, post-colonialism, and feminist theory to analyze political dynamics.

  • Choosing between a work placement and a study option course depends on several factors, including your career goals, learning style, industry standards, and personal preferences. You’ll have the option to study or do a work placement. Not only will this give you an amazing experience to talk about but will also give your CV a boost.

     This offers you the opportunity to enhance your study and CV with a work placement. It’s a chance to explore career possibilities, make valuable contacts and gain sought after professional skills.

    – This is an important component of Ramaas University degrees, work placements help you to build academic expertise as well as to gain real-world experience. You’ll receive credit for your efforts, and you’ll learn the extra transferable skills needed to excel in your chosen career. You’ll also develop your ability to deal with pressure and hit crucial deadlines. All of which will make you stand out against the competition and impress employers when you graduate.

    – Ultimately, the decision between a work placement and a study option course should be based on your individual career objectives, learning preferences, and the specific opportunities available in your field. If possible, seek advice, other professionals, academic advisors to make an informed decision.

Year 4

This course in the Academic English: Writing specialization, and it is a more advanced writing course. It will help you raise the level of your writing and make you more aware of the type of writing you can expect in college. You’ll learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it using correct MLA citations. Also, you’ll learn to write a synthesis essay, which will help develop your critical thinking skills. Finally, you’ll write a documented essay, which will help further enhance your skill of using outside sources in your writing.

  • Advanced Argument Essays

In the previous class, you learned about writing argument essays. Here you’re going to learn how to make your essays more academic by writing more body paragraphs and adding support from outside sources. You will write a new argument essay, and since you already know how to write an argument, this will be a good way to practice using sources.

  • Avoiding Plagiarism

The topic of this module is very important for you to know about before you start taking college classes. Plagiarism is a kind of academic dishonesty that gets students into big trouble or even gets them dismissed from school. In this module, you will learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

  • Synthesis Essay

In classes, you will often be asked to read several articles and write an essay about an idea you form from reading the articles. This kind of essay is called a synthesis essay. In this module, you will be given two lists of articles to choose from. You will need to read the articles on your list and then write a synthesis essay. You will use sources from the articles to support your own ideas.

  • Documented Essay

In this course, you will start using the Internet to find your own outside sources to support your ideas. You will also try to write a longer essay than you have before. This module will give your more practice using quotes and paraphrase in your essay, and you will learn to use a Works Cited page to list your sources.

  • Urban anthropology is a fascinating field that explores the social, cultural, economic, and political dynamics of urban spaces and populations. Here’s a brief overview of what you might encounter in an Urban Anthropology course:

    1. Foundations of Urban Anthropology: You’ll likely start with understanding the theoretical frameworks that guide urban anthropology. This includes concepts such as urbanization, urbanism, and the development of cities as cultural landscapes.

    2. City as a Social Space: Explore how cities are not just physical spaces but also social environments shaped by human interactions, power dynamics, and cultural practices. This might include studying neighborhoods, urban communities, and social networks.

    3. Urbanization Processes: Investigate how cities evolve over time, including topics like migration patterns, demographic changes, urban planning, and the impacts of globalization on urban spaces.

    4. Cultural Diversity and Identity: Urban areas are often hubs of cultural diversity. You may examine how different cultural groups interact, adapt, and maintain their identities in urban settings.

    5. Urban Economies: Study the economic systems within cities, including informal economies, labor markets, gentrification, and the role of businesses and industries in shaping urban life.

    6. Politics and Governance: Analyze the political structures and governance systems that influence urban development, public policy, and community participation in decision-making processes.

    7. Urban Infrastructure and Built Environment: Consider how urban infrastructure (transportation, housing, public spaces) and architecture reflect and shape social relationships and cultural values.

    8. Urban Rituals and Everyday Life: Explore the rituals, routines, and everyday practices of urban dwellers, from leisure activities to consumption patterns and public rituals.

    9. Anthropological Methods in Urban Contexts: Learn about the research methods used in urban anthropology, such as participant observation, ethnographic interviews, and spatial analysis.

    10. Case Studies and Contemporary Issues: Examine specific case studies of cities around the world to understand how urban anthropologists engage with real-world urban problems such as poverty, segregation, environmental sustainability, and social justice.

    Overall, Urban Anthropology offers a lens through which to understand the complexities of modern urban life, emphasizing the interconnectedness of cultural, social, economic, and political factors in shaping urban experiences.

  • This course examines the Middle East with an emphasis on understanding the different political cultures and security issues across the region. Emphases will focus on individual domestic concerns, international positions, national security/economic interests, and alliances/conflicts between countries within and beyond the region. Particular attention is paid to non-state, transnational security threats and the interplay between secular and religious factions across the entire region.This intensive course adds to the upper-level Comparative Politics section of the program and allows for the development of a specific regional specialization, which is advantageous to the overall program objectives and future career opportunities.
  • This course examines various fundamentalist movements around the globe. Students evaluate how various ‘fundamentalisms’ impact domestic and global political processes. The process for morphing radicalism into political violence is examined. How various international factors can ameliorate/exacerbate extremism is examined.
  • This course examines how democratization projects in Somalia and around the world succeed or fail and the international dynamics that flow from that success/failure. International threats that emerge from the problems and flaws of implementation are investigated in depth. Case studies are used as teaching tools about international involvement and difficulties with that engagement. This upper-division course aims to make students competent in the long-term national security objectives of establishing peaceful, stable, and prosperous democracies and aware of the problems in accomplishing that goal.
  • Environmental Anthropology is a fascinating field that explores the relationship between humans and their environment from a cultural perspective. In this course, you would typically study how different societies understand and interact with their natural surroundings, how environmental issues are shaped by cultural beliefs and practices, and how human societies adapt to or transform their environments over time.

    Key topics often covered in an Environmental Anthropology course include:

    1. Cultural Ecology: Examining how cultures adapt to their environments, including subsistence strategies, resource management, and environmental knowledge systems.

    2. Ethnobotany and Ethnozoology: Studying how different cultures classify, use, and manage plants and animals, including traditional ecological knowledge.

    3. Political Ecology: Analyzing the political and economic factors that shape environmental policies, resource access, and conservation practices.

    4. Indigenous Knowledge and Environmentalism: Exploring how indigenous communities perceive and manage their environments, and their contributions to environmental movements.

    5. Global Environmental Issues: Addressing contemporary environmental challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, and sustainable development from an anthropological perspective.

    6. Environmental Justice: Examining how social inequalities intersect with environmental issues, and the role of power dynamics in environmental decision-making.

    7. Methodologies in Environmental Anthropology: Learning about research methods used in studying human-environment relationships, such as participant observation, interviews, and collaborative research with communities.

    Overall, Environmental Anthropology offers a holistic understanding of how culture, society, and the environment are interconnected, providing valuable insights into both past human adaptations and current environmental challenges. This interdisciplinary approach is crucial for developing sustainable solutions to global environmental problems.

  • Bachelor of Social Anthropology Dissertation Project is a compulsory final project. It is a research-based project of 10,000 words. This module provides you with the opportunity to choose a research topic that you are especially interested in and work on your own initiative. It allows you the freedom of independent study under the guidance of your supervisor, to undertake research on a specific topic, and to enhance your ability to master appropriate primary and secondary materials.
  • This is your chance to develop a range of valuable skills different from those you have already gained from your undergraduate degree such as researching, planning, writing well, thinking analytically, synthesizing complicated information, and organizing your time. It can also play an important role in showing a potential employer that you are able to work independently, plan a bigger project, collect information, and find the answer to any specific problem.

Entry Requirements:

Document Requirements:

  • You will be required to submit the following documentation with your application as proof you meet the entry requirements of this bachelor’s degree programme. If you have not yet completed your current secondary school, then you can still apply and you can provide your High School Certificate at a later date.

Your Secondary’s or University Certificate and Transcript:

  • Upload your secondary school’s certificate or university’s certificate and a full transcript showing all the subjects you studied and the marks you have achieved in your high school (s) (original) or university if you are planning to earn double bachelor degree.

Personal Statement:

  • A photo passport and a detailed personal statement explaining your motivation for this particular bachelor’s degree programme.

You can apply and upload documents here

Study information

start:15 September – Campus
10 October – Online studies
10 January – Online studies
15 February – Campus


Place of Study:

Mogadishu Campus or Online Studies

Application fee: $35

Semester fee: $250

Application Deadline:Continuous recording. Applications are processed in the order in which they are received.
Duration:4 years full-time (campus and online studies)
5 years part-time (online studies only)
Degree::Bachelor Degree (Professional Degree)

Programme Instructors

Abdijabaar Sh. Ahmed, PhD Candidate

Programme leader and Instructor

Foad Warsame Abdi

Co-programme Leader and Instructor

Dr. Maryama Hassan

Subject Instructor

Abdihakim Abdisalam

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Shirac

Subject Instructor

Ahmed Idle, PhD

Subject Instructor

Wafa W. Ahmed

Course Advisor and Graduation Policy.

Dr. Abdullahi Sh. Mubarak Rashid

Co-program Leader and Instructor

Rooda Mohamed

Subject Instructor

Samina Khan, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hawa Osman, PhD

Subject Instructor

Hassan Garaad

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 17 1010

Kafiya Abdillahi

Admission and Enrollments Office
Tel: 0610 62 4444

Are you ready to take the next step towards your brighter future?

Halkaan ka akhriso

Kulliyada Jaamacaddeed ee Cilmiga Bulshada

Waa sharaxaad koobban oo ku saabsan Kulliyada Cilmiga Bulshada oo af Soomaali lagu diyaariyey. Riix Akhriso!

The Admissions and Enrollment Management Office

Admission and Enrollments

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